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My History Is America's History 


15 Things You Can Do 

To Save 

America's Stories 



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A millennium project oi 


^S^S^ —^30^^^//^^-^ in partnership with 



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Irc.itcd in I'Ko a\ .111 indi'pcDilfiii federal 
.i};enc\'. NIIH Mipports le.irning in history, 
liteniture, pliiloMipliy. .ind other of 
tlie hiiiiuiiitics. NHH grants enrich class- 
room learnini;. ere.Ue .md preserve kiiowl- 
eilj;e through rciejuh .ind preservation, 
and hriiig to hte tlirough public 
television, radio, and new technologies, 
museum exhibitions, and programs in 
libraries .ind other coninninity pl.ices. 

My Historv Is Aiiierira's Histor) is 
designated as an ottnuil project ot the 
White House Millennium Council. 

The President's Coniiiiittee on the Arts 
and the Humanities, which encourages 
private sector support and public 
appreciation of the arts and the 
hiimanicies. is .i ke\ partner m 
My History Is America's I listory. 

My History Is America's History 

15Thinu;sYou Can Do 

To Save 

America's Stories 

A niillciiniimi project of 

111 partnership with 

We wish lo thank the families who have 
been so oeiieroits in ion!nhiitino 
their personal stories ami 
memorabilia to this endeavor 

(iuidfhook Ui"Mv History lsAnH'ru.i\ History" 
piiblislii.-il hvTIiu FnilowiiRiit Un the I luin.iiiitio 
Washington, I >C.. I'W) 
ISBN; ()-'M231ll-()ll-4 (pbk.) 

My History Is America s History 
1 . AnnTicMii history. 2. t.iiiuly history 
?t. r-.iiiuly history. 

Library' of Congress Catalog C;ard Niiinber; '>'>-7(^5M 

Our History Is Americas History 

Follow your family's history and you will discover America's history. 
That is the theme of My History Is Americas History, an exciting; new 
project created by the National Endowment for the Humanities to mark 
the new millennium. My History offers all of us a way to explore family 
history as we discover how our own family stones connect to the history 
of our nation. By gathering together our family stories, My History 
will weave a powerful tapestry of America that illustrates our nation's 
history and culture. 

Many Americans are historians without bein^^ aware of it. Each of us 
has stories we pass, like family heirlooms, from generation to ^reneration. 
These stories define us and connect us to distant places and significant 
events. You can start your own family history with a single old photo, 
letter, or a family tale that you save as a legacy for generations to come. K. K■rrl^ 

Our guidebook provides 15 ways that you can preserve family memories 
and treasures through activities that make history an exciting adventure 
for your entire family, complete with many examples of how other 
families have discovered and saved their own stones. 

Our website is a virtual "front porch " for every American. Once you 
enter, you can explore other tales that will help you 
understand your own stones and those of your ancestors. Once you post 
your family stones and photographs in the online collection, you can 
discover more about your ancestors as you create your family tree and see 
how each branch connects with the nation's history. 

W'c dc\cloped My History Is Americas History with the generous 
supiport of nian\- partners. Mn)\)r ci)ntnbutors include the White House 
Millennium (ouncil, the President's CcMiimittee on the Arts and the 
Humanities,, PSINet Inc., and the National Association 
of Broadcasters. 

I invite you to pull up a rocking chair on our NEH \'irtual front porch .\nd 
rediscover America through My History Is Americas History. As \ou 
preserve your own famiK' histiny, \ou help build a national treasure that 
will enrich future venerations. 


William R. Icrns 


NalKinal [:ndii\\nicnt for rlic Hunianitics 



I am delighted to be a part of My History Is Americas History — 
a project of the National Endowment for the Humanities and an 
official project of the White House Millennium Council. The 
approach of the new millennium is a unique moment in our history. It 
IS a time to honor the past and iiiiaoinc the future. One of the best ways for all 
of us to do this IS to compile our own family histories. 

My History can help us appreciate who we are, where we come from, 
and what we want from the future both individually and as a nation. 
This project will help us explore, preserve, and share our family histories 
and treasures. 

Hillary Rodham Clinton 

We can start by sharing and recording the family stories and memories 
that are passed down from g;eneration to generation. This is a wonderful 
and important way to bring families together and to strengthen the 
bonds between children and their parents, grandparents, and c:)ther 
family members. 

I recall how I loved to listen to my father recount incidents that 
occurred in his life when he was a young man. Learning about the lives 
of my parents and grandparents and other relatives told me so much 
not only about them, but about myself as well. Our families, the times 
in which they lived, and the events that shaped their lives are an 
important backdrop for our lives and our future. 

My History Is Americas History will help make our nation's cele- 
bration of the new millennium a time that reveals and enriches the 
spirit of millions of Americans. I encouracje you to use the inspiration, 
guidance, and resources offered through My History to begin explor- 
ing your family's story because your history is America's history. 

|^ll<^^^^^^ CJL^^^'^^ 

thing^oii can do to save 

Follow \c)ur hiniiK's 
history and \'Ou 
will discover 
America's history. 


Keeping a journal S 


Why taniily recollections 
matter lo 


IMayuiLz; detective 

with photographs 14 


I )iscoveriim chies 

111 family papers 15 

; ^ > ' ■, 

Uncovering history 
in the attic 


Exploring your 
home's history . 


Climbiui^ the tamilv tree . . 2u 

8 — ^^ 

Finding your family's place 
in American history 30 


Writing your own story ... 31 


Fun for the family 36 


Sharing your story 40 


Connecting with 

your community, ^-r-r-r. .'V 42 


Finding help 


Teaching American histor 
through family history 


Jommg your 
hometown experts 





Saving Your 

Family Treasures 54 

Books 56 

Ceramics 57 

Fabrics 58 

Paper 59 

Furniture 60 

Famtings 61 

Photographs 62 

Scraphooks 63 

Metals 64 

Leather 65 

Videotapes 66 

Franiuag 67 

Resources 69 

Books 70 

American Stories 71 

Films 74 

Regional, National ... 76 

State 78 

Places to Visit 88 

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Keeping a journal 

Start small. 
Keep it fun. 
Write a little 
bit every day 
if you can. 

If one of your parents had written a journal, woukinr von want to read 
It? Oo \'cHir children and grandchildren a favor, keep a journal yourself. 
Write vour c^wn personal historv. what vou think and feel. But be sure to 
write a few lines on what you see, read, and hear about — weddings, jobs, 
scandals, local news, politics, parades. All these things are American history 
in the making. 

If you don't know where to start, look in a library c^r bookstore for books 
on keeping a journal or writing an autobiography. One piece of advice 
appears m neaiK' all these sources — relax. Start small. Keep it fun. Write 
a little bit everv dav if \'ou can. Mwrs from now vou will ha\'e a document 
that will amaze vou, fascinate vour descendants, and show connections you 
never suspected to other parts of your lainil)- history and the nation's. • 

Below and riqht: The cover 
and first page of William 
Swain's journal. 
Facing page: Frederick Granger 
WiUiams, Rebecca Swain 
Williams, and a letter from 
William Swain to his wife, 



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The Swains' 



William Swain of Younasrown, New ^brk, kept a journal of his trip 
west. For ciaht months he wrote almost every day. and left rich, 
detailed descriptions of his companions, the landscape, and the 
events of his journey. He also sent letters home to his wife, mother, 
and brother. Many of his letters and entries betray a sense of urgency — William 
Swain had joined the Gold Rush. 

Swain's dauLjlitcr S.ii.i trc.ismvd 
che diary, and kept it and tlic 
letters safe tor many years. In 
1 43s, she donated the journal 
roYale Universify. Her s^ift 
preserved the fragile 
document, and the story ot 
her father's harrowing cross- 
countiy race to riclics that he 
never found. She later agreed to part with the letters 
between her parents.William and Sabnna. Their 
correspondence is filled with hope, the ache 
ot separation, and deep religious faith. Like the 
journal, the letters are filled with American history 
— Sabrinas daily life on a farm in rural New York 
and William's days on the trail, m the mining camps, 
and aboard ship on the way home. Historian |. S. 
Hollid.iy macie the journal and the family's letters 
the heart of his book Tlic ]]'oiid Riislivcl hi: 
Till' C2aUfomia Gold Rush Experience. 

As the |(-)unial weaves among the threads ot 

American history, it nearly intersects the story ot 

another Swain's journey west. In 1815, Rebecca 

Swain, William's sister, married Frederick Granger 

Williams, who became a counsekir tci Joseph 

Smith, founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of 

Latter-day Saints, better know as the Mormons. 

Eleven years before her brother went west, 

Rebecca Swain Williams 

and her husband 

followed Joseph Smith 

into the frontier states 

of Missouri and 

Illinois. They endured 

diflerent hardships on 

their journey, as 

religious persecution 

cost Smith his life and 

drove the Mormons 


^ ^=^, 

across the Midwest to their 
haven in the Salt L.ike Valley 

ill 1S47. 

William Swain's jounul 
shows that he passed within 
101) miles of his sister near 
the end ofAugust 1S4'). 
Neither may have known the 
other was anywhere near Each was on his or her 
own path, and each part of a l.irger current ot 
American history that would transform the West. 
But some 1511 years later, their descendants made 
up for the missed opportunity with .1 reunion ot 
their own. 

One thread ot the Swam family story leads to 
Velma Skidmore, the great-great granddaughter of 
Frederick Williams and Rebecca Swain. With the 
help of many relatives, she organized a gathering 
tor both sides of the family that included trips to 
the original Williams homestead in Newburgh, 
Ohio, and the cobblestone home built m IS3() by 
Isaac Swain, William and Rebecca's father, m 
Youngstown, New York. The people at that 
reunion were living proof of the connections 
between family histoiy and American history. Their 
ancestors were the characters of~William Swain's, the recipients of his letters, the founding 

tinulies ot the Mormon Church, 
and some of the first families 
of^oungstown. New York, 
and Newburgh, Ohio. Their 
joint family website is at 
A debt to William Swain also 
links them, tor his patience 
and determination, ]ust to 
keep a |oiirnal. 



Velma Skidmore's great-great-great- 
grandfather William Wheeler Williams 
estabhshes a township near present-day 
Cleveland, Ohio. 


Velma's great-great-great-grandfather 
Isaac Swain settles in Youngstown, 
New York, near Lake Ontario. 


Velma's great-great-grandmother 
Rebecca Swain, daughter of Isaac. 
marries Frederick Granger Williams, son 
of William Wheeler Williams. 


Rebecca and Frederick Williams become 

Mormons and follow Joseph Smith into 
Missouri and Illinois in search of a place 
to practice their religion freely. 

1847 __ 

William Swain, brother of Rebecca, 
marries Sabrina Barrett. 


Reports begin to spread of the discovery 
of gold at Sutter's Mill, near present-day 
Sacramento, California. 

April 11, 1849 

William Swain leaves New York State to 
find gold and begins his diary. His path 
passes within 100 miles of his sister on 
her way to Utah. 


San Francisco grows from 6,000 to 
15,000 residents in four months' time. 

November 14, 1849 

William Swain arrives in the Sierra 
mining camps, approximately 125 miles 
from San Francisco. 

November 6, 1850 

Unsuccessful in the mines, William Swain 
begins a seaward journey home with 
little gold or cash to show for his year in 

February 6, 1851 

William Swain arrives in Youngstown, 
New York, where he remains for the rest 
of his life. 

Tape recordings 
preserve your 
relatives' voices, 
how they express 
who they are. 

family recollections matter 

Lots of people have a grandparent or a cousin who has been promis- 
ing tor years to write down his or her memories. Don't wait for them, and 
risk losing part ot your family history. Interview your relatu'es, write 
down their answers, or better yet record them on tape. They will prob- 
ablv interpret vour request for an interview as an 
honor, ^our time and effort prove that you take their 
meme:)ries seriously. 

Conduct the interviews with a little care, and you'll end up with a coher- 
ent oral history rather than random reminiscences. The tapes will also 
preserve something fragile and precious — \'our narrators' voices, how 
they express themselves, a sense of who thev are. I he tips on page 12 
will get )'ou started. • 

For more information 
about conducting and 
preserving oral histories, use 
your library and visit Baylor 
University's Institute for Oral 
History's "Workshop on the 
~Oral History/Family.html. 

Tell your favorite 
family story at 

Top: Thelma Curley. 

Right: Recording an oral history. 





Dick Curley s story 


erry Curley didn't know much about his father's past, and, like many fathers, 
Dick Curley never had much time or inclination to talk about himself. In 1992, 
a trat^ic coincidence broui^ht Dick Curley's history to his son. 

That summer, Jerry Curley joined the Southwest 
Memories Project, which ottered workshops in 
interviewing and oral history. The same year, Dick 
Curley was diagnosed with cancer. Jerry had a tew 
months to create a record of his fathers life. Dick 
had a chance to preserve part of his history, his 
family's and his people's — the Navajo. 

Jerry knew some ot the details of his father's lite. 1 )ick 
Curley was born in Canyon Diablo, west ofWinslow, 
Arizona, in 1927. His name wasTsish CluHieTso, 
which means "Big Curly Hair." He took the name 
Dick Curley later, when government census takers 
could not say or spell his Navajo name. Dick Curley 
and Thelma Thompson married in the 194()s, a match 
arranged by their families. He worked in a munitions 
plant in World War II. After the war, there were few 
jobs on the resei-vation. In 1952, Dick Curley signed 
on as a laborer for the Santa Fe Railroad. 

Jerry's mtei'views with his father gave him more 
than the tacts. They gave him a feeUng for his 
father's life and for his ^rreu srrent^th of will: 

Ahuve; The 
remains of the 
Curley "section 
house" in 
provided by the 
Santa Fe Railroad. 
Left; Dick and 
Thelma Curley, 

/ W'di ih-lcniuncd lo find iivii:. I didii'l lidir ,;/()7/ii/(^' lo 
offer my children. Hfcii llhiin;li the iivrk didii'l pay ininh 
I litU'c tollou'cd it tor forty years. . .. I obtained many 
ihini^s froni my work, like a reiuile. sheep, rattle, and a 
home, lliimis I lOiild lOll my own. litis is wliy I followed 
my fob. 

Dick Curley had never been to school;Jerry's older 
brothers read road signs to him and taught him how 
to write his name. Yet among Navajos, he was active 
in tribal politics, well-respected, and known as a 
Haataali, or Singer, and as Hastiin Ayoyalti,"the man 
who could speak," because of his strong opinions 
and eloquent speeches. He told Ins children to take 
advantage ot the white man's education but to keep 
N,w.ijo culture and language. The combination, he 
said, would be \-ery powerful. 

Jerry, in his way, has followed his father's .idvice ever 
since. The sessions with his father led to a larger 
project interviewing Navajo railroad workers across 
the Southwest. He learned about the changes m 
their lives and jobs over the years and sometimes 
about their memories of his father. No one in the 
union worked for the railroad kinger, and more than 
one worker described him as a man who was never 
afraid to speak his mind. Jerry Cairley's oral history 
rescued his father's pride in his culture and his life's 
wt:>rk."l was at the top of the seniority list," Dick 
Curley told his son, "Number one." 


Tsish Chillie Tso (Big Curly Hair) is born 
and later given the name Dick Curley. 

About 1938 

After the death of his father, Dick Curley 
takes over sheep tending and other 
aspects of his family's farm. 

About 1942 

Dick Curley marries Thelma Thompson, 
a match arranged by their parents. 

About 1943 

Dick and Thelma Curley move to Barstow, 
California, where Dick works in a 
munitions plant. 


Navajo begin leaving the reservation in 
large numbers, looking for wage work. 


Severe winter brings national attention 
to living conditions of Navajo and Hopi. 
In its aftermath, the Bureau of Indian 
Affairs establishes a job relocation 


Dick Curley begins working on the Santa 
Fe Railroad. 


Jerry Curley born. 


The Curleys acquire their first television. 


Dick Curley retires from the railroad; Jerry 
Curley begins oral history. 

Dick Curley passes away. 

Top: Dick Curley. 
Left: Dick Curley, second from 
left in the top row, with his 
railroad crew. 

How to do an interview 

OLD MAN: You get old 
and you can't do 
anybody any good 
any more. 
BOY: You do me 
some good, 
Grandpa. You tell 
me things. 

Robert Penn Warren 
"Being Here" 

Tell your favorite 
family story at 

Tlic most iinporr;Tnr piece of ad\ice is simple: i^et started. \onr famiK' hisfon- isn't getting any 
\'otinsJer. And at the becnnnina, think about the end. ^oii \\'.tnt to finish with b.d.tnced 
poitraits of f.tmiK- members in a logical collecticMi of good-c]iuilit\' recorciings that yoiu" 
iir.tndchildren m.ike sense of 50 \'ears h'om now. 

Before the interview 

• Pick a good c.mdid.itc. Older rcLitivcs arc 
obvious choices, but you might want to start 
with tlie one \duVe most comfortable with. 

• Do a httle research. 1 earn when and where 
your narrator was born, a tew tacts about his or 
lier parents, spouse, cinldivn. occup.ition, and 
community, and create a simple mtorm.ition 
sheet. Iheii \ isit a librarx .md look over books, 
a timeline, an encyclopedia, or videotapes .iboiit 
American history. The more you know about 
your iKiriMtor's times, the richer the interview. 

• (iet ill touch e.irlv — give your narnitor time to 
get re.idv tor the interview. Explain win vou 
are conducting the interview .iiid what \'ou 
plan to do with the notes ,uui tapes. 

• Buy, borrow, or rent a reliable t.ipe recorder ami 
learn how to use it. f iiid one with an 
muniphone — the sound will be better. Run the 
recorder trom .i power cord, or bring 

extra batteries. 

The questions 

• Give your interview a tocus — \'oii will 
overwhelm yourselt .iiul \'our relatives if the 
sub)ec t IS "life." 

• Ask yourself you re, illy w.uit to know 
about the person before you begin, then give 
some thought to what might interest vour 
n.irr.uor most. If you ni.ike sure the first 
iiuerview is tun, chances are you c.iii .u r.iiige 
another, .md you will want to. 

• Make broad c.itegories of t|uestioiis — f.imily life 
and rel.itionships; the narrator's lite in the 
community: Ins or her re.ictioii to import. iiit 
histoncil events. M.ike .1 list ot topus .iikI 

subtopics and bring it to the mterxiew. A few- 
specific questions prepared beforehand will also 
help get the interview going. Most libraries and 
bookstores have books w itli s.miple questions. 

The interview 

• Be sure the recorder is working properly. 

Start by recording the narrator's name, the d,ite, 
place, vour name, and the general subject 
ot the interview. 

• Ask open-ended i|uestions. It mhi sa\' "dell me 
.ibout \'our fust |ob " or " it like to 
grow up w ith ten brothers and sisters-" you 
give the narrator a chance to e.xplore Ins or 
her memories. 

• After \iui ,isk .1 iiuestuin, let the ii.ii r.itor t.ilk. 
Relax .ind listiii. I )(in't mterrupt. 

• lake notes ,nid .isk tollow-up questions. It your 
naii.itoi toiii Ih's on ,in .ire.i of interest, say "Tell 
me more " or "t. .111 you give me an example? " 
Don't be afraid to stray tn)ni your list of topics 
and i|uestioiis. 

• 15e encour.iging .iin.1 consKler.ite. non't pr\. 
Interviews sometimes toiu h on seiisitne or 
painful sub]ects. (iive your narrator the chance 
to drop .111 imcoinfortable subject or to gather 
liinisell or herself in silence tor ,i tew moments. 
Let the tape run. I he sileiues cin be 
meaningful, too. 

• Don't be too timid. You can ask ditFicult 
questions if you have a good reason, )ust ask 
politelv. Ami don't take skies. Diflerent 
members of your tamily will remember things 
difleri-ntlv. Your |ob is to record a thoughtful history, not to contirm or uiiden ut 
someone's recollei tions or point of view. 


At the end. check over your Hst of topics. 
Go back if you've missed anything important. 

Keep the interviews to a reasonable length, 
especially with older narrators. Between one 
and two hours is usually about ritj;ht. 

Sample questions 

Tliiiikiiii; up i]iicslioiis for iiii oidl liistoi]' i/.wu//)' im'l 
a prohlciii. (^Iioosim; lUnoiiy lliciii is iiioir lUffwiill. 
Here d\c three hiodd topics and a jew examples oj 
questions. Tiiiloi ]\nii questions to yoiii ihiinitoi. 

Don't stop with 
one interview. 
Keep going. 

After the interview 

• Label every tape immediately. Review them 
as soon as you can and make a simple index 
by noting the subjects on the tape every five 
minutes or so. You can use the counter on the 
tape recorder to note the location ot topics or 
particularly wonderful answers. 

• Transcriptions can take a lot of tunc, but 
might be worth the investment, especially it 
the interviews will become part ot a larger 
tamilv history. 

• File the tapes with the index, your intormation 
sheet .ibout each narrator, and your notes. 

• Send a thank-you note to the narrator and 
include a copy of the tape. 

• Make sure you get a written release trom the 
uarrati)r, even if you only plan to use a small 
part of the history in a school paper ,nid 
especially it the tapes may end up ui a library 
or historical society. 

The last word 

Don't stop with one interview. Keep going. 
You will see American history in a new way, and 
create an archive of recollections that your family 
will be delighted to have. 

Historical events and eras 

• What IS the first important event in American history that yon lived 
throngh? What did wui think when you heard about it? 

• What do you remember about the years just after World War II? 

• What is your most powerful memory of the 1960s? What did you think 
of the changes in the United States during that decade? 

Your community 

• What was your first job in your chosen occupation and where 
did you live at the time? What was a typical day like at work? 

• Who were your neighbors and what do you remember about the 
neighborhooci you lived in? 

• What was your town like? 

Your family 

• What did your parents expect of you (behavior, chores, work, school)? 

• What was the best time for you m your family, and the roughest time? 

• Who was included in vour "immediate" family? Stepbrothers and sisters, 
grandparents, boarders, live-m companions, old family friends you called 
"aunt" or "uncle"? 

• How was your family like other families, and how was it difTerent? 


Playing detective with photographs 

Ask five questions 
about your 
family photos: 
who, what, 
where, when, 
and why. 

Talk to your relatives who appear in family photographs and .isk them rlic 
ti\c qucsrii'ins: vn'Iki, vvliat, wlicrc. when, jnd whv. Write down their answers. If \(ui 
know how a photograph connects to either informatuin about wxir tamiK', such as 
diaries, k^tters, and interviews, jot that dtnvn, too ( Lxit dont write on the photograph). 

Some photoijraphs v\'ill k'ave \'oii with guesses, hunches, and new mvsteries rather 
than answers. Save the m\steries, too, d he answers mn^ht he somewhere else m wnir 
huniK' histor\'. lo kMrn how to pi\)tect your photos, turn to "Saving ^'our hamilv 
Treasures" on pa^^c 53, * 

A picture is supposedly 
worth a thousand 
words — what do you 
think this picture says? 

Who appears in the 
photograph — a family, 
co-workers, strangers? 
Why do you think so? 

Post a family photo via 

When and where do you 
think the photograph was 
taken? How can you tell? 

What relationships do you see 
among the people pictured? 


Discovering clues in family papers 

War, peace, love, death, recipes, and weather reports — rhis is the stuff old 
fluTiiK' letters and diaries are made nf. They will show you both sides of your family 
history, remarkable and ordinary. Letters or dianes of relatives long gone carry fragments 
of their ideas and their point of view, as well as a glunpse of their times. 

Family Bibles sometimes have lists of relatives stretching back for generations. 
Diplomas, invitations, newspaper clippings, and ticket stubs also hold part of your 
family's story. A little detective work will reveal how these paper treasures fit into your 
family history, and a little care can preserve them. 

A Little detective 
work wiLL reveal 
how paper 
treasures fit into 
your family history. 

Try to identify the writer and recipient of family letters, as well as ^ 
when and where they were written. Some may be hard to read or flljP 
written in a foreign language. A transcription or translation can 
help. Write down as much as \'ou can find out about the organiza- 
tions and events represented by other records and mementos. As you 
fill in the aaps between these paper records, they wrll help fill in the f^ 
gaps in your family history. * 


N^IM. fMS. «SH' 

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Sallic Waltons story 

A M h R I C A S HIS 1 (1 R Y 

ncjcla Walron's grear-grandniorhcr Sallic passed away in 1961, when 

Ani^cla was 9 \'cars old. Her father inhenred Sallie Wakon's Bible. 

Inside was a sheet of paper that Angela dCcasionalK' unfolded and studied, especially 
when si)mcone bnniaht up the subject of "Indian blood" in the famiK'. The paper 
showed the boundaries of a township and bore the words "Choctaw Nation" and 

'Sallie Walton." Another note in the Bible had Sallies name, a number, and a 

mysterious abbrcyiation, "Choc. It." But no one m the famiK' knew the meanino; of 

the second note, nor much about Angela's areat-arandmother or her backe;nnind. 

Top: Sallie Walton. 

Right: Samuel and Sallie Walton. 


-T- ^ '1 

y h 

Angcl.i Walton grew up in 
Arkansas, not far from the 
Oklahoma border, hi the 
summer, her family piled into 
the car and headed west to visit 
her cousins, aunts, uncles, and 
great-grandmother. As they 
crossed the Arkansas River, her 
father would point to a sign on 
the bridge that said "Entering 
hidian Territory," and Angela 
would feel a little rush of 
mystery and excitement. 
Present-day Oklahoma was 
once set aside as permanent 
territory for American Indians, 
before it was opened to white 
settlement m the 1 880s. "You 
know, Nannie is Indian," her 
father always added, "she's a 

Nannie was Sallie Walton. On 
visits to her home. Angela spent 
hot summer days racing around 
with her cousins and quieter 
moments listening to the 
reminiscences of her relatives — 
elderly black men and women 
recalling their lives growing up 
m Arkansas and Oklahoma. She 
understood that her great- 
grandmother was cc-)nnected to 
the Choctaws, and that she must 
be connected to them, too. 
Some of her friends at school 
bragged about being related to 
Cherokees chiefs. But to Angela, 
the talk about Indians m her 
family never meant much. The 
Indians she knew best fought 
cowboys and lived on television. 

Over the years, Angela Walton 
grew more interested in family 
history and signed up for classes 
on genealogy. She also married 
and moved to Maryland, near 
Washington, D.C. In 1991, 

thirty years after she lost her 
great-grandmother, Angela 
Walton-R.iji found her again — 
down the hall fi-om the 
Constitution, not far from the 
Declaration of Independence, at 
the National Arcliives. 

Angela Walton-Raji had learned 
that records about the Indians 
of Oklahoma were on microfilm 
at the Archives. One day she 
stopped by and started looking 
through the reels of film, but 
without success. Then recalling 
the note about "Choc. Fr.," and 
realizing for the first time that 
it stood for Choctaw Freedmen, 
she turned to the microfilm 
labeled Freedmen Records. On 
the second roU. in file 777, she 
found her family — Samuel 
Walton, Sallie Walton, and then- 
two sons and stepdaughter. 
Among the pages Angela copied, 
she later discovered the names 
of her great-great-grandparents, 
and another surprising piece of 
family history. Sallie's father 
was a Choctaw Indian named 
Eastman WiUiams. Both ot 
Angela's great-grandparents had 
been born into slavery, and at 
one time both were enslaved 
by Choctaws. 

Angela Walton-Raji's discovery 
drew her to a time and place in 
the nations history that tew 
Americans know much about. 
The Choctaws were one ot the 
"Five Civilized Tribes," along 
with Cherokees, Chickasaws, 
Creeks, and Semmoles. These 
nations grew cotton, raised 
livestock, and prospered in the 
agricultural economy ot the 
Southeast in the 17()()s and 
early 18()()s. From the point 

of view of white settlers, the 
people of the five tribes were 
"civilized" because ot their 
success as planters. 

Presidents from Thomas 

Jetferson to Andrew Jackson 

and southern state governments 

were eager to promote white 

setriement and plantation 

agriculture across the South. 

To open all the lands east ot 

the Mississippi River and parts 

of present-day Louisiana and 

Texas, the federal government 

passed the Indian Removal Act 

of 1 83( ). The act forced the 

Five Civilized Tribes from their 

lands in the 

Southeast in 

return for the 

promise ot a 


home in 



The C'hoctaw 

left almost 

Agents of the Dawes 
Commission interview 
applicants to determine 
land allotments. 

immediately; some tribes 
resisted. But over the next 
decade, .Jl but a few ultimately 
traveled west. On one exodus in 
the winter of 1 837-^S, thousands 
of Cherokees lost their lives 
to winter cold, starvation, and 
disease. Their path came to be 
called the Trail ofTears. 

From the d.iys when Europeans 
and African Americans first 
encountered the people ot the 

Above: Angela Walton-Raji's 
book Black Indian Genealogy 
Research, Sallie Walton's 
Bible, and Sallie Walton and 
her son. 



Northwest Ordinance establishes 
Indian nations as separate govern- 
ments, nations within a nation. 


Thomas Jefferson purchases the 
Louisiana territory from Napoleon. 


Indian Removal Act requires the 
retocation of the Five Civilized Tribes 
from east of the Mississippi to Indian 
Territory, now Oklahoma. Choctaw 
acquiesce, whereas other tribes 
resist removal. 


Cherokee Nation takes the State of 
Georgia to the U.S. Supreme Court, 
which declines to hear case because 
Cherokees are considered a separate 
nation and not bound by U.S. laws. 

1832 _ 

Supreme Court invalidates removal 
policy, but President Andrew Jackson 
continues to push Indians west. 


Trail of Tears: federal troops uproot 
15,000 to 20,000 Cherokees, and 
force them on the 800-mile march 
to Indian Territory. One in four dies. 


Samuel Walton, Angela's great- 
grandfather, born a slave in Arkansas. 


Arkansas's population doubles in 
20-year period to 43S,000, 
approximately one-fourth slave. 


In the Civil War, seven regiments from 
the Five Civilized Tribes fight with »hf 
Confederacy in the Battle of Pea Rid;.- 

About 1862 

Samuel Walton is > ■:•-•:. 

a member of the ; 

Left: Choctaw doll. 
Below: This township map lay 
folded in Sallie Walton's Bible 
for decades. It shows an area 
six miles on a side divided 
into 36 equal squares, or 
sections, of 640 acres each. 
The smaller squares within 
each section represent 40 
acres. The red arrow probably 
points to property granted to 
the Walton family as members 
of the Choctaw Nation. 



sU.^. , 

/#•? ^ ^ ;^ 


' rr 


(67) -i nfj*">- 


commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes 


Township N 

o.. '^ ^ Range N 





I « 

-■j- • 







T •■ 


t I 


5 ', 





: ' 












A 1 







/i ' 










r ■ 



-4— J 



7 ■■ 


1 , 


^ 1 











. . . 




■ 5 


/ ! 






' 1 













- i—l- 

< ; 





■ ■ 1 

1 / 








D ^/ 

' r 





: -TO 



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._..., 1 ■ .. 





. J 


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9 — ?- ■ 












Five C'lvilized Tribes, stime 
whites, blacks, and 
tornied families, and so did their 
"niixed-race" children. Among 
the peoples ot the five tribes, race 
was often a complicated matter. 

African Americans — enslaved and 
free — lived among the peoples ot 
the Five Civilized Tribes m the 
Southeast and moved west with 
them. They were treated 
ditlerently m ditferent tribes. 
Several tree black tamilies 
prospered among the Creeks and 
Seminoles in Indian Territory. 
Almost none lived among the 
Choctaws and C'hickasaws. After 
the Civil War, African Americans 
enslaved by the people ot the five 
tribes were freed — the Wiltons 
became Choctaw Freedmen. Like 
freedmen across the nation, they 
were seldom treated as ecjuals. 
Blacks among the Choctaws were 
denied the right to vote in tribal 
affairs and shortchanged on tribal 
lands. To escape discrimination. 

many Atru an American treedmen 
111 Oklahoma established then- 
own towns, schools, and churches 
and were joined by freed slaves 
and free blacks from eastern states. 

In I S(S7, Congress passed the 
Dawes Act in an attempt to help 
Iiuiians become full members ot 
American society. The act ended 
the legal standing ot tribes as 
separate nations, granted Indians 
American citizenship, and 
required that most ot the wist 
Indian territories be divided 
among their members and no 
longer held in common as tribal 
lands. To receive land allotments, 
Iiiciian freedmen among the Five 
C'ivilized Tribes had to prove to 
a government commission that 
they were former slaves and 
currently tribal members. 
Satisbf'ing the commission often 
took four or five years aiul 
generated papenvork. The 
records that Angela Walton-Raji 
found at the National Archives 

were part ot the proof 
for Samuel ,ind Sallie 
Walton. The rest of the 
tribal lands were opened to 
homesteaders, which ignited 
the t^klahoma Land Rush of 
ISH'J.As waves of white settlers 
arrived m the late ISOOs .md 
early I y( )( )s, the segregation aiicH 
discriminatory laws common 
elsewhere m the South 
multiplied 111 (~)klahoma. 

As Angela W.ilton-Ra|i discovered, 
the I )awes Commission records 
are a reservoir of clues for family 
historians with Native American 
roots. Some 2(1,01)0 freedmen are 
listed on the rolls. Since many ot 
the records name previous 
owners of enslaved African 
Americans, they give some 
taimlies a rare chance to trace 
their ancestors to the years 
before the C^ivil War. Angela 
Walton-Raji's search tor her 
family history turned on just 
such a piece of evidence, and on 
two sheets ot paper in a Bible. 
These documents — and all she 
learned in making sense of them 
— also gave her a deeper under- 
standing of the complexities ot 
race in American history, and the 
chance to help other family 
historians with her book, BUuk 
bididii Gciiciiloiiy Rcscdirli, and 



Angela's great-grandmother Sallie 
Anchatubbe born a slave of Emaline 
Perry, a Choctaw. 


Thirteenth Amendment abolishes 
slaves/ throughout the United States, 
but not in Indian Territory. 


Slaves among Five Civilized Tribes are 
freed by treaty with U.S. government. 
Sallie and Sam Walton go free. 


Dawes Act brings tribal nations into 
the United States and awards land 
to members of Indian nations, 
including freedmen. 


Oklahoma Land Rush. 


African Americans establish a dozen 

towns across Oklahoma. 


Sam and Sallie Walton testify before 
a federal commission to support their 
application for a land allotment. 


Oklahoma, home to 20,000 
freedmen, admitted as a state. 

Top; Detail of a quilt made 
by Sallie Walton. 
Above left: Slave house on 
a plantation near Talala, 
Indian Territory, 1900. 

Left: The enrollment card 
for the Walton family lists 
members of the family at 
left and their former 
owners on the right. 



Uncovering history in the attic 

Ask family 
members about 
from the past. 

Clothing, silver, fiirniture, and works ot art make the journey from one 
i^eneralion to the next. But the stones that help give meaning to these 
treasures often don\ survive tlie trip. Ask family members about fhei 
possessions from the past, the original owner, and special stones or 
memories about each item. Incorporate their answers into a family 

cal librar\' or historical societ\' will have books 
articles on historic Jicm, lurnishmgs, clothing, 
d other artifacts so you-\cagjjJ%rn\mo|e about the 
history of your heirrooms ijnAi^ow tti prQtecrt 
them. The section of this guio^ooj^Xili, "Saving 
Your Family Treasures" will a 

If you come across an unusu, 
curator or other expert at a rniiseu: 

The Morses' story 


^^ arie Locke's family history was safe in rlie arric, in her grand- 

mother's memory, and in her threat-grandfather's greatest passion, 
photography. The attic was in the home of her grandmother, Irene 
•^ Morse Bartlett, who lived in the village of Islesford on Little 

Cranberr\' Lsland off the coast of Maine from 1909 to 1998. The treasures overhead 
had held Marie's curiosity since childhood, and her summers spent exploring the 
island included many special afternoons m the attic. 

She had always known about her 
great-grandtather Fred Morse's 
turn-ot-the-century photographs. 
She eventually decided to ask her 
grandmother to tell her the story 
behind the photographs and gather 
some ot the ullages and 

recollections uito a simple tamiK history book. 
Not long after, on a visit to the island, a triend iit 
Maries, designer Nancy Montgomery, saw some 
ot the images and suggested a more elaborate 
possibility. That weekend was the start ot a five- 
year project to create a 
book that would paint 
a picture ot early island 
lite through the eyes cit 
Irene Morse Bartlett 
and her photc^grapher 
father Fred. 

The project began with 
Irene's daughter Jo 
bringing down from 
the attic a cardboard 
box full ot Fred's glass- 
plate negatives wrapped 
in newspaper. Irene held 
the plates up to the 
light from the window 
and described what she 
saw. As the stories 
unfolded, Jo retrieved 
more objects from the 
attic and Marie, her 
grand-mother, and 
Nancy Montgomery 
went over them one 
by one. 


Many of the treasures troni the attic 
were old merchandise from the 
tamily's general store. A glass ladle 
with a small hole in the bottom was 
.1 pickle dipper for scooping pickles 
trom a barrel. The lid ot a crate for 
Goudy and Kent's Biscuits declared 
the contents "Best on the Land" and "Best on the 
Sea." A tlared Mo.xie glass came from the makers 
of Moxie, the t'lrst mass-marketed soft drink m the 
country, still available today in New England. The 
drink had enough kick to produce a slang term 
tor pluck and boldness, 
namely "moxie." Irene's 
attic also produced lamb's 
wool soles tor sott 
slippers, metal disks called 
Mendets to mend pots 
and pans, and buttons 
made ot bone aiici buffalo 
horn. Marie's grandmother 
remembered something 
about all ot them and 
what they revealed 
about everyday lite on 
the island. 

Some ot the keepsakes 
from the attic were 
personal, not commercial. 
There were quill pens 
trom Irene's school days. 
Fiom a church fair, 
someone had saved a 
pillow made ot ribbt)iis 
used to tie bundles ot 
tobacco. Irene still had 
the head of a doll that 


Mane Locke's great grandfather Fred 
Morse is born in Maine. 


Orphaned at age 11, Fred Morse 
eventually arrives on Little Cranberry 
Island to work as a fish skinner. 


Mary Smyth, who will become Fred's 
second wife, emigrates during a year 
when arrivals from Ireland number nearly 
43.600 — 10 percent of all immigrants. 


Fred Morse and Fanny Stanley marry. 


tourism increases on the island, as 
professors, doctors, and their families 
travel by boat from Boston to spend 
their summer there. 


Mary Smyth works for Boston families. 
Half of Irish-born women living in 
Massachusetts work as household 

Top: Mending a net. 
Above: Tourists by the surf, 
about 1900. 
Left: Fred Morse's camera. 



Fanny Stanley dies of tuberculosis. 


Mary Smyth arrives at Little Cranberry 
Island working as a nanny for a summer 
family and meets Fred Morse. At the end 
of the summer. Mary returns to Boston 
and Fred travels to the mainland to 
pursue a career in photography. He 
survives the San Francisco earthquake. 


Mary Smyth and Fred Morse marry in 
Boston and settle in Greenville, South 
Carolina: Fred works at a photographic 


Irene Morse is born. 


Nathan Stanley asks Fred Morse to run 
the general store. The Morse family 
moves back to Islesford. 


First motor vehicle brought to island 
on barge. 


Morse general stor* 
destroyed in fire. 

c.inic all the w.iy frciiii France, 
and would haw had the test it 
she li.idii't left tlie doll on the 
lawn one day when her father 
was mowing. She had also saved 
some sweetgrass baskets made 
by John Snow, a Rissamaqiioddy In the summer he 
tr.neled around the isl.mds 
selling his baskets to the 
residents and the steadily 
growing niiniber ot tourists. 

None ot the other heirlooms in 
the attic, howewr. could i|uite 
match Fred's photographs. F4is 
images showed the island 
through the years, from portraits 
ot the Morse t.imilv to sailboats 
m the harbor. The old 
schoolhoiise, the general store, 
sea views, landscapes, a frozen 
harbor, and 
panoramas of the 
village of 
Islestord are 
images. By 




themselves, the pictures preserve 
a portion ot small-town lite in 
the earK' 1 ')n( K. Their creator was 
an accomplished photographer 
and a shopkeeper, actor, father, 
orphan, and soda ]erk. His lite 
on Little Cranberry Island is 
partly a storv ot how tannlies 
,ind tamiK' histor\ are built trom 
bonds ot affection, not |ust blood. 

Fred Morse came to the 
as .1 teenager in 1 <SS5 to find 
work as a fish skinner. There he 
met Fannie Stanle\'. the only 
child of Margaret and Nathan 
St.mlev T he St.mlevs were 
descendants ot one of the first 
families to settle the island in 
the 17()()s. In lKy4, Fannie and 
Fred married, and the couple 
moved in with Fannie's 
parents. Fred 

painted houses in nearby Bar 
Harbor for a time. He later 
opened a sod.i fount.iin in the 
Hotel Islesford. But the Morses 
were married onlv nine vears. 
Fannie died of tuberculosis in 
I'.'n.i, and Fred set out across 
the United States. 

After studving at Eppingham 
C'ollege ot Photography in 
Illinois. Fred tr,i\eled to S.iii 
Francisco, and survived the 
earthquake there m lyod. But 
he seemed to li.ixe left his he.irt 
in Islestord. Mary Smyth, an 
Irish immigrant and a n.iniiv 
who came to the island with a 
family trom Boston, had met 
Fred before he left. In l'.)07, 
they were married and moVie<i.^^ 
to Greenville, South Carolina, 
where Fred set up a 
photography studio. 

Since Fannie's death, Fred had 
kept in touch with Nathan and 
Margaret Stanley. When the 
Stanleys wanted 
help to 
run the 

Top: Fred Wesley Morse. 
Right: The Stanley and Morse 
family general store. 

I'la^^c. . : ^iu:^j4h^ Ho/^aam- Sh'/^Y 


general store in Islesford, they 
asked him to bring his taiiiily 
IxR-k^ In l''()i), Fred and Mary 
Morse and their mtant daiigiiter 
Irene moved to Little Cranberry 
Island to make, with the 
Stanleys, three generations ot a 
new family. Irene would live on 
the island tor nearly 90 years, 
and all her life thought ot the 
Stanleys as her grandparents. 

Irene Morse Bartlett's memories 
ot the island knit together her 
father's photographs and the 
contents ot her attic into a 
family history and nearlv a 
century ot local history on 
Little Cranberry Island. Tourists 
started coming to the island 
about the turn of the century, 
Irene told her granddaughter. 
They stayed at the Hotel 
Isletord and hired lobstermen to 
take them sailing on day trips. 
As the summer trade picked up. 
many families on the island 
rented their homes to tourists 
and lived in their sheds for the 
season. Irene remembered 
selling milk to the natives tor 
12 cents and to the summer 
visitors for 20, "the only double 
standard we had." Her mother, 
she recalled, helped out in the 
store, raised children, and played 
basketball with a group ot ladies 
who scandalized the island bv 
wearing bloomers on the court. 
She also wrote local gossip and 

Top left: Eight young fish 
skinners on Little Cranberry 
Island. Fred Morse is in the 
bottom row, at the left. 
Top nght: Mary Smyth Morse 
and child. 

Right: Boys by the water in 
Islesford, Little Cranberry 
Island, 1900. 

news for the Biir Harbor Times. 
Irene started ghostwriting the 
column tor her mother m the 
I'.'.'^Os, and earned on until 
l')'W, when her daughter Jo 
took over. 

nuring World War II. the U.S. 
government inadvertently 
contributed to the family's 
history by establishing a tax on 
the unentones ot general stores 
like the Morse's. The family 
took part of their goods and hid 

them in the attic of their home, 
across the street. Then on New 
Year's D.iy m l'),S(l. Mary Morse 
accidentally burned the general 
store to the ground while 
cleaning out the woodburning 
stove. The cracker bo.xes, ribbons, 
root beer extract, and all the 
other goods were safe across 
the street for Mane Locke to 
disco\er and xears later weave 
into the sti>rv of her family 
and a book, Mciiiorifi of a 
Maine hiaiiil. 

For a closer look at Memories 
of a Maine Island: Turn of the 
Century Tales anil Photooraphs 
by Marie Locke and 
Nancy Montgomery, visit 








Houses are an 
expression of the 
people who h'ved 
in them and 
their times. 

Like a family photograph or an old letter, 

\our home is e\idcncc about \'our historw 
especially it it has remained in the tamih' tor 
a tew c;enerations. Houses are an expression 
ot the people who h\ed in them and their 
times. Apartment btiildiiiiis re\eal trends in 
architecture and buildiiiij construction. Fi.xtures, 
landscaping, and the size ot rooms are tied 
up with tastes in architecture and technologies 
such as air conditioning and l.iw n mowers. 
An .iddilion to a home might olter clues about 
births, new |obs. and the local econonu'. NearK' 
43 million .Americans move every year, and a 
tew ot those moves might have generated 
documents that can help in your search. 

CnntiiKj started is easw Write down what \'ou 
knovs' .ind go from there — when \ou biiught 
your home or when \ou mo\ed in; who lues 

Exploring a home's histor\' means a trip to 
the cit\' or county courthouse to look at 
deeds, title documents, building plans, 
permits, .iiid other public records. A histi^ncal 
societw \'our neic;hbors, and the local history 
section ot \'our public librar\' are likcK' 
siHirces, too. 

With an\- luck. \'ou will learn who owned 
\-our house or building and when, .iiid perh.ips 
how Us appear.ince has chanc;ed ox'cr the 
\e,irs. ^ou miaht tmd that \ou h.i\e led 

yoursclt throuiili a personal course in 
architectural history and building 
construction. And \'ou might have 
created a short local history that 
starts at your house and spreads out 
through your comniunit\'. *■ 

With any Luck, 
you wiU Learn 
who owned your 
house or 
buiLding and 
when, and 
perhaps how its 
appearance has 
changed over 
the years. 


Research your 
ancestors — try a 
little genealogy. 

Climbing the family tree 

If family history brings out the detective in you, don't stop at interviewing your relatives, 
hivestioatc vour ancestors — tr\' a httle cjcncaK^ow 1 he job still involves collcctinij facts and anec- 
dotes about voiir relatives, but as \x)ii i:;o back throngli the generations, the nn'stenes grow and \ou 
rcK on different c\idence. 

Birth certificates, marriage records, and other legal documents can gi\'e \-ou the official informa- 
tion about familv members. Be sure to include records for \'ourself. Federal and state censuses offer 
clues about the movement of \'our faniiK members between states, occupations. e\en nations. 
\'isii count\' courthouses to look at records oi Lmd e,\chanc;cs. wills, and probate records. 
Local cemeteries can also help reveal family ties. 

Keep track of all wnir sources of information carefullv. includiiiij correspondence. Make a record 
of v\'hat \-ou find — and what \'ou dont. 

To learn more about sJcnealogical research, visit your local librar\-, call \our local or state historical 
society, check in the wllow patjcs for a ijene,\logical organization near you. or wriie to the National 
Genealogical Society ,it 4527 N. I 7th Street, .Arlington, \'A 22207-2399 • 

The World Wide Web has 
a wealth of resources. 
The NEH does not make 
endorsements, but here 
are a few places you can 
go online to get started. 

To discover 

connections between 
your history and the 
nation's, visit the 
f^y History website at: 

Right: Julia Pong's family tree. 
Her family history appears on 
page 49. 

"The Genealogy Page" of the 

National Archives and Records Administration 

The National Genealogical Society 

Cyndi's List 

USGenWeb Project's Information for Researchers 

Family Search Internet Genealogy Service 



Four Generations of a Family Tree 

I )ied 












Start at the left by writing your name on 
the top line and your date and place oi 
birth below it. It you are married, your 
spouse's name goes on the line below 
yours. Fill m your father's name on the 
line above yours and to the right, and 
your mother's on the line to the lower 
right. Follow the same pattern tor yiuir 
grandparents and great-grandparents. 




































1 )ied 
















M irrit'O 













The Madrids' story 

\ \1 I 1< I C A S HIS 1 O R N 

Top: Juan Antonio 
Madrid, Tom Madrid's 
about 1883. 
Right: The signature of 
Roque de Madrid, Tom 
Madrid's 7th great- 

The mission at San Juan 
Pueblo, an early Spanish 
settlement in New Mexico. 

Xom Madrid ulrimatcK' discovered the first ancestor bearing his family 
name to set foot m the Llnited Stares — I'lancisco de Madrid. He 
was a waaon dru'er, or i-hiniotiero de los larros. On his |oi.irne\' north 
from Me.xico. he traveled with ten soldiers and four Catlmlic missionaries along a 
twisting, rock.\' road that ran beside the Rio Grande. The\' reached the small 
settlement of San Cjabriel, in present-da\' New Me.xico, m lbC)3. 



When Fr.iiuisct) dc Madrid .irnvcd in New 
MexKO. die Spanisli colony tliere was h.iiely ti\e 
ve.irs olil. ,ind strui^nhnj; ui \urvi\e. It been 
founded by | de t")nate m 1 .S')iS — nine 
before English settlers arri\ed .it lamestoun. 
br.iiK iseo lie Madiul. his sons, .iml i;randsons 
ni.irned the d.iu_L;hters ami _L;r,iiidd.iu_t;liteis of some 
of the orit; settlers, siieli .is (^eronimo M.irque/. 
I liese men, their wues, ,iiid t hiklien loined the 
ongoing struggle between n.itiw peoples \\ iio 
inh.ibited the eontment tor thous,inds of ve.irs .nul 
new .urix.ils Irom 1 uiope. I or them it d.iiK lile. 

I he hie of lom's .uu estor (leronimo|ue/. one 
of 111, 111 lie t)h, lie's trnstetl e,ipl.iiiis, reve.ils some ot 
the h.irdships ot the times. In Septemlier lfi''S, 
t tiYite ordered M,irque/ .md tour other soldiers to down deserters trom the eoloin who were 
he.uleii b.iek to Me.xieo, Ihey e.uight up to the 
rim.iWMVs ,iik1 exeeiited two ot them on the spot. 
Iwi> months Liter, M.iixine/ w,is p,irt ot ,i hiiiiied trom the Aeoni.i I'lielilo .ifter 
I lull, Ills killed the ie.ider ot his p.irtv 
,ind sever,il other soldiers. In |.inu,irv 
\?)'>'), he returned ,is p.irt of ,i toree killed .iiid e.iptured hundreds ot 
,Aeoin,is in iet,ili,ition. In l(in4-n.T.he 
W.IS a member ot .in expedition led 
by Onate to the Ciilt'ot" 
( '.ilitornri: the p,irty survived the 
return trip b\ e.iting their horses. 

About ICilW. the Spanish colonists in New Mexico 
moved some 2.t miles south trom San Gabriel to 
,1 ii,irrow \,ille\ that tlie\ thought would be easier 
to detend.Tliey est.iblished .i new settlement 
there, the citv of" Holv F.iith. or Santa be, 
I iMiK iseo de M.ulrid. ( leronimo M,n"i.|ue7. .md 
other .incestors of loin M.idrui were .iinong the resklents, Todav. their tmv w.illed village 
IS the oldest i c it\ in the L'nited States. 

l'o\ert\, hunger, desertions, ,ind contluts between 
the ileig\. the milit.iiA, ,ind politu,il le,ideis pl.igued 
the coloin. tor the next 711 years, the fortunes ot 
loin M.idi id's .iiuestors rose and fell m the 
tiiibuleiit histoiA ot S,inta be ,ind New Mexico, 
111 I (i4(). of loin Madrid's relatives joiiietl 
.1 plot .igaiiist the Sp.inish go\eriior. Luis de Rosas, 
wlu> eventu.ilK .iss.issiii,ui.d in 1(>42. Iwo were 
behcided tor their p,irt in the .ilf.iii. including 
I )iego M.iriiiiez. the son ot Cieronimo, 

ss th.iii 411 vears Liter, the native peoples 
ot the region rose up in the Pueblo 
Revolt ,iiid iliove the Sp,inish out ot 
New Mexico, Roque de Madrid, 
rrancisco's grandson, was one of the 
colonists who tied down tlu' Rio 
Clr.iiide with his tamily, twelve years later 
he returned as a lieutenant to Diego 
de V'.iig,is, the iinht.uA leader who 
reconquered the region tor Sp.iin. 


Piecing together his t.miiK 
liistory took Tom M-kIikI 
more than a decade. He 
tound inspiration for the 
work on the otlier side ot 
his tamilv, m liis maternal 
grandfather. In l'^H4. wlien 
Sabino Vialpando died at .\i[,' 

'*2, his grandson loin was 
left with question after 
question tor his grandfather, 
all too late to ask. "Looking 
hack," he said, "I think my 
initial interest in finding out 
about my heritage was to 
preser\e his memory." 

Top: Madrid Plaza, in Madrid, 
Colorado, built in 1862. 
Above left: Clorinda Madrid, 
Tom Madrid's grandmother. 
Above: Sabino Vialpando, 
Tom's maternal grandfather, 
in World War I uniform. 
Lott; Wedding day of great 
aunt Jesusita Vialpando 
and Juan Mestas. 


The search for the mythical Seven 
Cities of Cibola brings Spanish 
explorers to the Southwest, among 
them Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. 


_luan de Onate establishes towns for 
Spain in present-day New Mexico, 
including San Gabriel and San Juan. 
San Juan Bautista founded as a 
Spanish mission for Pueblo Indians. 
Tom Madrid's 10th great-grandfather, 
Geronimo Marquez, serves with Onate. 


Tom Madrid's 9th great-grandfather, 
Fiancisco de Madrid, arrives at 
San Gabriel. 


On the eastern coast of the United 
States, Jamestown, Virginia, becomes 
the first permanent settlement by 
Enghsh colonists. 


Spanish found Santa Fe, the capital 
of New Mexico. Members of Madrid 
family settle there. Colonists and 
Indian laborers construct the Palace 
of the Governors. Las Casas Reales. 


The Pueblo Revolt drives the Spanish 
from New Mexico. 


Tom Madrid's 7th great-grandfather, 
Roque de Madrid, takes pari: in the 
reconquest of Pueblo lands and leads 
an expedition into Navajo territory. 

Tom's i^seai^ch leii him to the State ARt:HivES of New Mexico, the c:atholic 
Church,The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the National Archives and Records 
Administration, and county couithouses in Colorado and New Mexico. Rejoined the Society ot Hispanic America and tiaveled with his wife to many of the towns 
where liis ancestors had lived, including one diey helped found, Trinidid, Colorado. Lie is a 
sell-described stickler for documentation. Any other researcher using his sources, he says, could 
follow his ti'acks and learn what he has learned. The whole remarkable chain of family liistoiy 
from Geronimo Marquez and Francisco de Madrid is on the Madrid family website: But then following clues may come easier 
for Tom Madrid than tor most people, since he is a police detective. 


Finding your family's place 
in American history 

Your great-grandmothers footprints might be on the 
Jp '', -^^ Oregon Trail. The Civil Wiir might have been your family's 
k".-?" *■ ^1 war, and tlie Civil Rights Movement your himilys strui^>^le 
for cqualit)'. Evcr\thing you liave discovered about your ancestors' lives — 
names, dates, and movements from place to place — hts into the larger 
story of the nation's past, ^t^j So consult timelines on American liisto- 
ry and world history to compare important events in your famiK's history 
with regional, natumal, and international e\'ents. VwJ Trace your 
family's movements on maps, recent and historical. Let these connections 
lead vou Xo bt~)oks and websites that fcx'us on the e\ents, time periods, and 
geograpliic areas that \'ou found in \our ancestors' stories. Look at the hsts 
of books and hhns beginning on page 70 for good places to start. 

1 his broader perspective will help in \-our geneaK")cr!cal research, and it will 
also make \-our own stor\' more meaninaful to vou. Follow \'our famiK''s 
history and ytni will discover Americ.i's history. • 


Writing your own story 

Share your family history with your family — write a story. 
Pick a time, a place, or a person to start with. You might tocus on one 
especially interesting relative. Recount his or her experience ot an 
accomplishment, a disaster, a battle, or a move across the countrv. Your 
story could begin where your family lives (or lived), and follow the 
family's original migration there, the conditions when they arrived, and 
how the people and place changed over the years. 

Before you begin to write, review the information )'ou have collected 
about your family and American history. Define a focus and scope for 
your story to help select facts to include and resist the temptation to tell 
everything you know. Try to accomplish two goals: tell the reader what 
is unique about your family and also what experiences your family shared 
with other people of the same era. • 




oc;i2;im2: was niostlv winter work in the North Woods, and durino; 
the winter [anies and Anna Peterson were apart for weeks and 
months at a time. Their long separations were simply part of their 
Hie tOLz;ether. "Dear Ma," he wrote her on Easter of l^M2,"When I was ready 
to start yesterday the horses had gone away. ... I went out to look and it was 
dark before 1 Lrot home with them." 

Top: Jim and Anna Peterson. 

.JL Ji^ \^ 

l.iiiicv IVtcisim ,1 lumhcr],ick 
III Wisconsin tor tUt\' \v,irs ,ind .1 
rojdbuilder for decades. His 
t.itluT. lens, left Denniark 
for tlie United States in the late 
1 SI Ids. |eiis toiiiul work with the 
Soo Line Railroad, wliieh 
earned l;imiii aiui other freight 
across the Upper Midwest. He 
made his wav to Wisconsin and 
settled north ot Medford. 1 ike 
luindreils of thons.inds of others 
— iminigrjiits and American 
citi/ens alike — he st.iked a c l.iiin 
under the I loinestead Act. 

I lomesteaders i oiild i l.iiiii up 
to UiH acres ot iiiiocciipied l.ind 
owned by the gowrnmeni if 
the\ rem. lined on the for 
five years, cultivated it, and put 
up a permanent structure. lens 
hiiih ,1 shed to li\e in while he 
sl.iiled his farm, constructed .1 
log home, .md lived as .1 
t, inner,, .md 
luiiiber|,ick. hour years 
.itter he left Denmark. 
he sent for his wife .iiul 

lens ,md Ins wife li.ul thri-e sciiis 
.md another d.uigliter m the 
United States, j.mies, the oldest 

son, married Anna Berg m 1"*(I7 
and bought the tamiK' farm from 
his father. James stayeci \\ith 
logging, and he had a head tor 
business. U\ ,ige IS he had s,i\ed 
enough monev to bn\ his own 
horses and equipment. While he 
managed a growing crew of 
loggers. Anna ran the farm. 
Their sons. (leorge and Morgan, 
were born in 1 ''I I'* .iiul I '' 1 I . 

In I''2S. ,1 reporter from the 
r.islor CAHintv St,ii Wii's 
interviewed |.imes .ibout his 
trade. '"There is something .iboiit 
this woc)ds that gets .1 111,111 to 
like It." he said. "Your real 
lumberiack coukln't be kept out 
ot the wchhIs m winter. It's 
something more than the wages 
he gets out of it. Why some of 
the iiR-n li.ive 12 to I .S thous.iiui 
dollars cold cash 111 the bank — 
but the woods c.ill to them and 
thev come b.ick." I he .uncle 
ilescnbed life 111 ,1 logging cimp, 
including the king hours tor the 
liiniber|.i( ks ,md llie longer 
iiours lor the camp cook and his 
.issistants. the "cookees."'! he\ 
cooked .iboul Inn pounds ol 
meal a d.iy tor the In3 men 111 
James I'eterson's (..imp — fi\e 

tons ot meat tor the whole 
season. Two tons ot sugar, tl\e 
tons of tlour, 400 bushels of 
potatoes, and sacks ot beans, 
vegetables, and other food kept 
the luniber)acks alive through 
the winter. 

"Something .iboiit the woods'" 
got to j.imes and Anna s sons. 

rliev beg.iii logging in their 
teens. 1 ike his father and 
giMiidtather. Morgan enduretl 
the ups .iiid liowiis ot the 
logging business, economic 
depressions, and the snow. One 

I li.inksgivmg I ).iv, he recalled, 
"It snowett .lO inches. It never 
thawed till the 1st ot February. . 
. was .1 \" 

Had for logging and 
t, inning were uncomtort.iblv 
common 111 Wisconsin 111 the 
l')20s and l').^Os. In the wanner 
months, some logging equipment 
could be put to work buikling 
roads. The IVtersoiis turned to 
ixiad construction in the earlv 
l''20s to help make ends meet. 
Into the fourth generation and 
seventv nine ve.irs Liter, five 
family members still run tiie 
faiinlv construction business. 



Angie Peterson's great-great-grandfather 
Jens Peterson leaves Denmark for U.S. 


Height of logging boom in Wisconsin; 
more than 3.4 billion feet of board 
harvested in one year. 

1907 __ 

Angle's great-grandfather James 
Peterson marries Anna Berg and soon 
purchases his father's homestead. 

1911 _ 

Angie's paternal grandfather, 
Morgan Peterson, is born. 


Florence Anne Hessefort, Angie's 
paternal grandmother, is born. 


U-S. Census reports the first urban 
majonty; 51 percent of Americans live 
in towns of more than 2,500 residents; 
29 percent on farms. 

Top: Florence Hessefort, Angie 
Peterson's paternal 
grandmother, at age 5. 
Above: John and Anne Sherwin 
Hessefort, Florence Hesseforfs 

Left: Lumberjacks at a logging 
camp, 1908. 


With the Great Depression, farm 
income declines by 60 percent: one 
third of all farmers lose their land. 


Morgan and Florence marry and move 
in with his parents. 


President Franlclin 0. Roosevelt 
launches New Deal, which includes 
the Agricultural Adjustment Act, 
providing price supports for farmers. 


The Rural Electrification Act 
establishes utility cooperatives to 
provide electricity to rural homes. 


Florence and Morgan build their own 
home on Highway M, near Medford. 
Electricity comes two years later. 


Less than 3 percent of population 

lives on farms. 

Above right: Bam building in 

Wisconsin, 1895. 

Right: Hauling out the logs, 

1914. .iskc'il Flnrcmc 
Hc-ssctiirt to .1 cl.uRc m April 
iy2S.,iiui tlu-y lilt It otFwvll 
ciiDiigli t(i st.iv together tor fill 
vf.irs.riu-n d.itcs nu liiilid 
d.iiiccs and Kc ircMin sund.ics, 
but it ami l-lorc-iuc 

h.ippi-ncd to Ix- out .It ]<l p.ui., 
tlicN ottc'ii stopped .11 the 
Medtord tram st.ition. hi 
Wiseonsui aluiost seventy years 
ago, p. lit ot .111 exeuiiigs 
entertainiiieut was |ust tlnding 
out who was eonijng .iiid 

going. rlie\ were in.irned on 
1 )eeeinher 2.\ l''.in, 1 ike 
iii.iiiv taimlies during the (Jreat 
I )epression, the newlvweds 
eould not .iltord .i lioiiie ot their 
o\\ n. I lie\ mo\ed in with 
Moig.ins p.irents. Morg.m had 


only enough work to keep a 
handful of lumberjacks busy. 
Florence found a job as a 
cosmetologist and coinited 
herself luckv. 

With dieir first son, Jim. on the 
way, Florence and Morgan built 
their own home in 1936. But 
they had to wait for electricirv. 
Electric power hadn't \et reached 
all the farms of Wisconsin. 

As long as Morgan staved in the 
logging business, he and Florence 
also lived through long 
separations. Like Anna Peterson 
before her, Florence ran tlic 
farm and took most of the 
responsibility for raising the 

children — three sons and a 
daughter by l''.S5. She grew 
wget.ibles, washed clothes, 
cooked, cleaned, m.ide her own 
stiap. butchered chickens, and 
managed the help, which at 
various times meant a hired 
man. three women. ,ind two 
teenagecl girls, the Cirhcky 
sisters. IVlar\- and 1 )otti Grlicky 
lived w itli the Petersons during 
high school and helped out on 
the farm so tlie\" could be close 
to school, which was diagonallv 
•icixiss the road from the 
Petersons' farm. To feed 
evervone, Florence sometimes 
went through .50 pounds of 
flour a week making bread and 
pies and bisciuts. 

Morgan and Fi.orence's granddaughthr, Angie, 

began c.xplormo the Petersons' history with a school assujnment m 
sixth grade to make a family scrapbook. But like so man\' famih' his- 
torians, she felt a deeper need to understand her tamil\- history after 
the death of a relative. Her grandfather Morgan, "a walking histor\- 
book," passed away over the winter holidays in 1989. In tape recorc-linsTs of his sto- 
nes, her grandmother's journals, the letters of James Peterson, 
newspaper articles, and research of her ov\'n into the loggino 
industry, Angie Peterson found a story larger than her familv's. 
hnmigration, long separations between husbands and wi\-es, the 
Great Depression, small-town romances, the rhvthms of farm 

Above: Angie Peterson and 

life, and a family's hard work anci prosperit\' throu2;h the aenera- her father Tern/. 

Above left: George and Morgan 
1 ^ r ^1 ^- ' in • Peterson, 1912. 

tions are as much a part of the nations storv as the Petersons , 

Jim and Anna Peterson, 
just married, in 1907. 

I-loiviur's journal t'oiii the yctir 
1950 offers ii i;/(»i;)>(' of life on 
the Jann: 

Monday, February 13 — 

Washed clothes. Grandiii.i and 
1 went to see Mrs. Clrlicky at her some jonquils. 

Friday, February 17 — 

Cleaned house and back porch. 

Had French fries tor supper 

Monday. July 3 — 

inn aiidjaek went fishing with 
Billy Daniels while we went 
shopping at H.iyward .iiid 
looked at road job. Jackie had 
f'ish hook caught in his head 
above his ear. Or. at Katen 
removed it. No after effects. 
Took our boys and Billy to 
see "Sitting Pretty " movie at 
H.mvard.Went to the Aladdin 
Inn later to dance and eat. 

Wednesday, July 5 — 

Picked (> qts strawberries at 
home and aliout Id qts ,it 
CJrandma's.Jmi and Jack went 
fishing with Erv at night. 
H.mled 111 4 loads hav. 

Wednesday, November 30 — 
Pressed clothes, mended. 
Washed up green davenport and 
chair, l-'layed cards at school card 
party. Morgan won 1 st prize. 


Fun for the family 

In family history projects, \our iclatncs can be the actors as well as the 
audience. The easiest wa\' for a famiK' historian to make his or licr job easier 
IS to aet them invoked. The\- will automaticalK' help with research, spread the 
word to other FamiK' members, and lighten the workload. 1 he\- will probably 
aet caught up in the hm of famil\- histor\' — and histor\- projects for the whole 
familv. \-oung and old, are the best wa\' to create new family historians. Here are 
some projects from the editors of hiiiiil\Fiiii magazine. 

Our Family Quilt 

AiiK-ncin quiks haw always 
ivtlccted our diwrse licntaL;c. 
troiii the siniplc and rcfuicd quilts 
ot Aniish coniniunitics to the 
tra/y-pati hwork quilts ot carK 
settlors. WoiiR-ii otihcd the hirths 
and deaths ol laniiK iiicnilx-is 
onto qtiilt sqii.iivs with indelihle 
ink. then sewed them into (.iiiilts. 
lodav, quiltniakini; eontinues to 
he a ere.itive expression ot 
personal. taniiK. .iiid eoinniunilN 

You ean honor your ow n i l.iii 
and create .i quill letleets the 
personalities .iiui p.istiines ot your 
tanuK' members — ,isk e.ieh one. 
young and old. to eontnbute a 
square. Your quilt e.m m.ike a 
lovelv gift to I ommemor.ile .111 
event, sueh .is .1 hig wvdtiing 


' Beginner's quiltmg book. 

it neeessar\ 
■ Paper .iiid peneil 

• Four si|u.iies ot prew.ished. 
unble.Khetl muslin per 
p.irtu, cut to si/e 

• ot vour t houe tor 
deeor.iting e.ii h squ. ire. such as 
tabru p. mil 01 .ipplique 

• (!olton bonier. b.K king. ,ind 
sashing, eut to size 

• ('otton b.itting. eut lo size 

• Sewing supplies 

1 . It von or .mother t.imiK 
inember is not ,1 i|nilter, von 
e.m hire .1 
se.imstiess to liirn vour p.itehes 
into ,1 quill. Ask tor .1 
reeommend.ition troni vour 
loeal t.ibru store (priees range 
from Sill to SI. ^ .md hour). 
better yet, find out it the shop 
offers a i|uiltiiig workshop tli.ii 
you eoiiki sign up tor, 

2. Deeide how ni.iiix' t.imiK 
menibers you 10 iiklude 

in \-our quilt, remembering that 
eaeh person will tre.ite one 
stjuare. Now sketch out your 
quilt to see what size and shape 
It will be. A simple patchwork 
p.ittein 111 a rectangle or square 
IS e.isiest. 

.1. Ask e.ich to design 
one quilt square that symbolizes 
something special about your 
t.imilies, such as pictures ot 
people, pets, houses, proverbs, 
t.uniK' tre.isures. special events, 
or symbols, lie sure to 
cle.iiK outline tor them the 
stDpe ot the pro|ect. \our 
go.ils, and Nour de.idlmes. 

4. ( h\e e.ich p.irticipant tour 
bl.iiik i.|uill s(|u.ires, assuring 
them ill, It \ou only need one 
to be tinished ,ind returned; the 
rem. lining squ.ires .ire extras tor 
pr.iclue or mistakes.You can 
■ liso gi\e them suggestions for 
lei linK|ues to use. trom 
appliiiue to photograph 
reproductions to fabric 


Family History 

Kids can invesrigate and then 
show oft dieir taniily history by 
creatuiL; a mini-niuseuni ot 
prized taniily mementos. The 
exhibition hall can be a shoebox, 
a drawer, or a mantelpiece. When 
tamily members gather for 
reunions and hoHdays, your kids 
can give them tours and request 
donations ot other important 


' Family photos, newspaper 
clippings, tamily documents, 
ticket stubs trom specuil events, 
and other important mementos 

• A special spot tor a mini- 

• Any items needed tcir displ.iymg 
artifacts, such as thumbtacks iir 
double-sided tape 

1. If your child has an 
ovei"whelming number ot 
objects for his museum, ti^y 
picking a special theme to help 
winnow it down. It can be as 
simple as "Tom's Baseball 
Museum" or as elaborate as 
"Our Puerto Rican Heritage." 
Reduce the family pictures 
and other documents on a 
photocopier then return the 
originals to a sate place. 

2. Encourage your child to 
investigate the meaning and 
origin of the things he collects 
and make labels with dates and 
captions for each item. Then 
have liim carefully display his 
items, grouping objects in a 
logical way. 

3. Your child cm make a small 
catalog to accompany the 
mini-museum and even send 
out announcements to family 
members and friends to come 
to an exhibit opening. 

Millennium Family 

Did you know that iii the 
nineteenth century, a smile was 
considered too frivolous an 
expression for a formal portrait? 
Or that a person shown holding a 
book in a photograph was a clue, 
indicating to the viewer that the 
subject was educated? Every 
portrait tells a story. You and your 
tamily can mark the year 2000 by 
creating self-portraits, either by 
taking photogr.iphs, by painting, 
or as ourimed here, by drawing — 
a techiiic]uc that works well with 
artistic families. 


• Acid-tree heavy-stock paper 
(at least five sheets per person) 

• Acid-free markers 

1 . Each person should think 
about how she would like to 
remembered years fi-om now. 
What objects would she hold 
to best reflect her personality? 
What should the setting be 
like? Sluiuld she place anything 
111 the portrait that reflects her 
ethnic hent.ige? What emotion 
would she like to express? 

2. Set up vour work are.i and 
put out all the supplies, 
encouraging everyone to try 
several versions of tiicir self- 
portraits. When eveiyone is 
done, set aside each person's 
favorite self-portrait. 

3. Mark on the back of each 
porti.iit the date, the artist, and 
the place it was drawn. You can 
even get your self-portraits 
inexpensively fr.imed. 


Family Web Album 

Our Family Cookbook 

Now taniili(.-s .iiv so 
t oiiiputcr-sa\'\v. tlicy iiught eiijo\' 
(.rcMting ,1 scraphook about thi-'ir 
taiiiiK' lustorx' on tlic World Wide 
Web. |ust about anything can go 
into vour private website: recipes, 
new spaper ciipping^. songs, 
proverbs, riddles. jokes, oral 
histories, drawings, photographs 
old ,ind new — anything that tells 
the ston,' of your family. Thanks 
to a free website service, this 
process cm be very 


• A computer \\ itli Internet 

■ Digital photographs on 

CD-ROM (ask your film 

developer for details) 

1 . ,i tree, easy- 
to-use templ.ite tor .1 priv.ite 
tamiK website. iiK hiding .ireas 
tor news, photogr.iphs. 
recipe colleiting. and more. 
I'.ireiUs .Mid I liiklren should 
begin h\ re\iewing the site 
together (www.mvfaiiiilv.coin). 
w ith parents tilling oul the 
tonus as instructed. Ihere 

is even a compliment.irv 
helpline it you get stumped. 

2. Cnce you know how vou 
w.iiil to customi/e vour site, 
collect the d.ita and ini.iges 
you need, log b.ick 111, and set 
up your site, tollow iiig the 
directions. You cm then set up 
your website to notity all vour 
t.iniiK members to log on .iikI 
.idd their own mtorm.ition. 

I'erh.ips the most common, but 
owrlooked, heirlooms 111 our 
families are old tamily recipes. 
Special dishes cm re\ .1 lot 
about our countries ot origin, 
the American regions we have 
lived in, and the religions we 
celebrate. You can collect your 
tamilv's recipes, organize them 
in a book, then print copies ot 
the cookbook to share with 
everyone who contributed. 


• ("ompleted recipe tonus on 
white S 12- b\' 1 I -inch p.iper 
(See Step 1 ) 

• Photographs ot tamiK members 
who created recipes, 

• Photogr.iphs ot tamily members 
cooking and sharing meals, 

1 . 1 )i,iw up .1 list ot .ill the t.iimlv 
members trom whom vou 
would like to retiuest recipes. 

( rcite .1 torm and send several 
copies to ever\()ne on wnir 
lisi. I he torm should include 
bl.iiik spaces tor filling in the 
n.mie ol the rei. ipe. the n.mie 
of the contributor, the historv 
ot the recipe, the ingredients 
needed (111 order ot w hen tlie\' 
.ippear in the directions), the 
(.(Hiking directions, and the 
.imoiiiit ot prep tune .iiid 
cooking tune. 

2. 111 ,111 .iccomp.invmg 
letter that you pLiii to copy the 
recipes into ,1 cookbook, .md 
st-nd .1 cop\ to cull p.irlicip.iiu. 
( ii\e vour l.imiK' de.idlines. and 
follow up with ,1 reminder post- 
card as the deadline dr.iws near. 

.1. When \our recipes are 111, 
design a cover and an intro- 
ductory index to all the 
recipes on the s.inie kind of 
paper as you used for your 
form. Lay out the recipes and, 
it desired, the photographs 
in the order you like best 
(from soups to dessert, 
perh.ips. or bv cook). 

4. lake \iHir lavout to wnir 
copy shop .iiid ,isk them for 
options, such as glued bindings 
or spiral biiuiings. C'onsicier 
reducing the paper to make a 
smaller format cookbook. 
Photographs can be photo- 
copied, too. .IS well .is reduced 
and enlarged. Reciuest paper 
samples tor both the co\er and 
the inside p.iges so nou cm 
decide what it best for vou. 
Cet cost estimates and then 
ask for .IS ui.iiiN cookbook 
copies .IS vou need. 

( '>inrii;ht ( l'J''M /-.i(rji/)/HjMiijii.iziiK'. 
.Ml rights rcscrvrit 



Oral Histories for Kids 

C'ollccting oral histories isn't 
just tor adults. With a little 
help, kids can use the 
guidelines on page 36 to 
gather oral histories. Let 
children pick a theme or toeus 
tor the interview, such as 
school, holid.ivs. or childhood. 
And keep in iiiind a tew 
special considerations. 

• Help kids develop questions 
that link interviewers and 
narrators, such as: What is 
your earliest nieniory? What 
was vciur lite like when you 
were my age? What was yxnir 
t.i\orite book" What do vou 
remember about me when 1 \ouiiger? 

• Have narrators bring 
photographs, tovs, or other 
t.imiK treasures that might 
interest children. 

• Be sensitive to special issues 
facing adopted children and 
children whose parents have 
divorced or remarried. 

• Help young interviewers he 
sensitive to powertul issues 
that can come up m an 
interview, such as the dittlcult 
experiences some family 
members mav have had. Some 
parents and narrators will want 
to avoid these subjects, and 
others will want to be ready 
tor them, "k 

«<«rT KnMV 


Add your family 
stories via the 
My History website: 

Sharing your story 

Your family history connects you to other famihes and other 
histiM'ians. People tracinc; their own faniiK' histories mii:;ht disctn'er 
a lead in vours. A scholar niie'ht find anecdotes about wnir famil\- that 
will help brincT a historical sriid\' to life. The critical step is creatine an 
accurate, well-documented family story or history and helping other 
people locate it. 

Enter \'our famiK' stor\- or history m a word pi\icessing procrram, 
print a few copies, and send them on a tour through the family. 

Add \our famiK' stories via the My History website at, or create your own family history website. 

lind out whether \'our local librar\' or histiirical societ\' collects famih' 
liistt)ries and otier to donate \i)urs. 

Top: Sal Romano's grandmother 
Maria lob and cousins. 
Facing page, top right: Stefania 
lob's class in Cunevo, Italy, 1919. 

With other lamih' historians, ask \our librar\ or historical societ\' 
to begin a collectu)n ol local lamily histories. 

Link your (,imil\ histor\- website to the appropriate spot in USC'jenWVb. 
at wvv'w.iisoenweb.orij * 


/7^ j:^ rr., 

The Romanos' 



The first words on Sal Romano's website tell why he started his labor 
of love. "My introduction to Trcntino began with stcines told to me 
as a child — stories about a vallev in northern Italy surrounded by 
mountains, castles, and lakes. These stories fueled a desire to learn more about 
the area — its people, its culture, its history. A natural progression was to under- 
take the task of tracino mv ancestral ties to Trentino." 

Althougli the stories were ot 
Italy, the storyteller ,ind the 
audience were both m the 
United States. The storyteller 
was Sals mother, Stefania lob 
Romano. The stories she told 
years ago helped bring forth the 
family history, Italian history, 
American history, and hundreds 
of links to other resources that 
fill the pages of her son's website 
at members. 

Years ot crop disease, floods, and 
landslides devastated Trentino m 
the late ISdDs. Thousands of' the 
regions residents, orTrentini, left 
Italy around the turn ot the 
century. Most headed for South 
America, but many also began 
new lives in the nuning towns 
of Colorado, including IVlaria 
Banaletti and Roberto lob, Sal 
Romano's grandparents. Maria's 
first husband was killed m a 
mine explosion and both lost 
brothers and cousins to nuning 
accidents. Maria and Roberto 
married m 1 407 but remained 
in the Hastings, Cc^k-irado, area 
only three more years before the 
hard mining life drove them and 
their three young children hack 
to Italy. Thousands of mining 
families followed as the industry 

Carlo, an American citizen bc^rn 
in C'olorado, left It,ily to escipe 
being drafted into Mussolini's 
,irmy, and later Linited on the 
Normandy beaches as a Ci.l. 

Stefania returned to the United 
States in I ''31 and lived with her 
sister. Len.i. In 1''42 she married 
Salvatore Romano, Sr., and moved 
to New Yt)rk Cit>'. She taught 
herself English fl'oni comic books, 
wiirked in .1 sj;.irment tactoiT. and 

Above: 15th- 
century arch 
bearing the 
lob family 

Postcard of 
West Main 

declined. The popul.ition of 
Hastings fell from 2.0011 m l"^'!)') 
to 70(1 in I'M 2. The waves of 
immigration the\' joined were 
made of countless indiyidual 
decisions to mow — family history 
pouring mto national history. 
But the history of nations also 
pushed people toward personal 
decisions. Stefania's brother 

*0 COLO 

raised Sal lunior. and his sister. 
After her died 111 1''57, 
she supported the family as a 
se.imstress and dressmaker from 
her home. The family story came 
full circle when young Salvatore, 
in tlie Army himself, yisited 
Trentino in I '•>(>7 and decided to 
explore the region's history and 
his own, .ind preserve both. 


Nearly two million Italians arrive in the 
United States, constituting almost one 
in four immigrants during those years. 


Sal Romano's grandmother Maria Banaletti 
arrives in Colorado mining region. 


Mana Banaletti marries Francesco lob. 


Members of the lob and Banaletti 
families participate in Cripple Creek 
stril<e, led by the Western Federation 
of Miners. 


Roberto lob joins his brother Francesco 
in Colorado. 


Francesco lob dies in a mining 


Roberto lob, Sal's grandfather, marries 
Mana Banaletti. 


Economic downturn prompts immigrants 
to leave the United States in large 

About 1910 

Roberto and Maria lob leave U.S. for 
trentino, Italy, with their children 
including one-year-old Stefania. Sal 
Romano's mother. 


Sal's mother, Stefania lob, arnves in 
the United States and lives with her 
sister, who finds work for Stefania 
as a seamstress. 


stefania lob marries Sal Romano, Sr, 


On leave from a military tour of duty 
in Europe, Sal Romano, Jr., visits 
Trentino, Italy. 


Connecting with your community 

Never underestimate the power of a good story. Some evening, our nn the porch, Ic.m 
o\cr and tell \our neighbor .ibout vour great aunr the arm\' nurse and let her tell wui ahi')iit 
her great-grandfather the booileaaer. Look tor the connectuins — \oiir stoi'ies and \oiir 
neighbor's mi^ht flow together at some pt:)int, probably m a way you don't expect. 

Look around the comnninitx' lor more wa\'s to share \'oiir famiK' stories. Mm ma\' find 
informal con\i-isaiu>iis where \ou can simpK' listen and tell stones, ^ou will at least make a 

connection with others and ahmpse v\'hat it's like 

h 1 be m their slmes. 

Vni ina\- find more structured programs for 
collecting or exchanging famiK' stones at \'oiir 
Ku'al librar;-, college, or historical societw While 
\ou are .u it, take the opportunity to check their 
olleniiijs on slalc oi local hislorv. 

Once in awhile, these shared familv histories that begin so simpl\- i.ike on a life ol then- 
own ,is documented communit\- histories, exhibits, or hentai^e trails. 1 )on't concern \'ourself 
with ih.ii ,u the start, just join the coinersation. 

• ^ou m.U' find lamiK' cinneisations alreadv s^oiUi^ at \'our church, ci\ic club, libr.irw or 
senior center. II not, whv not st.iit one? iinite .1 histori.m to join (he group to help tie 
stories together ,ind lend sume historic, il pi-rspectne. 11 \\iu .uv looking for ,1 historian, 
ask lor a releiral Ironi the local college, historic, il societv, or st.ite hum.inities council. 

• Check the locil\s schedule ol re.idini; .ind discussion pixis^r.ims. 1 he themes ,ind 
re.idin^s often welcomi- ,ind inspire the e\ch,inc;e ol l.imiK' stories. 

• II \\)u .iIiwkK' Ih-ouu lo o.uher \(nir f.imiK' historv, find wa\s to collaborate with 
othei's 111 \our comnninit\. 1 he more kimilies \'ou include, the more \'our collected l.imiK' 
histories will beam to fmin .1 communil\ histoi\. Recruit histon.ins to loin the 

1 he societ\' or hum, unties council in,i\' not be ,ible to pl.u' .1 role, but the\- will 
be inli-iested to know \'otiiv doino. 

• Learn \ou cm .iboiit st.ite ,iiid histor\ from pi\K_Tr,ims offered In 
societies and hum.inities councils. 

• i'ost one or nmre stories ,ibout \oui' l.imiK' on the World Wide Web through 
«'ww.iii\'liistor\'.()rg ,iiid look lor other stones there. * 

Communities' stories 

Above: A fruit stand in the 
French Island archive. 
Left: Taping oral histories 
on the island. 

Below: A postcard photograph 
of island resident Nelson 
St. James. He wrote on the 
back, "How do I look in 
this uniform?" 

"Let's Talk About It" 

At a small library in South 
Carolina, a discussion of 
American identity inspired a 
lively exchange about local 
flimilies and local histon,-. Based 
on the book Lciiwii Swamp, the 
discussion was part of a series 
developed by the American 
Library Association (ala), and 
funded by the National 
Endowment tor the 
Humanities. A\'ai]able across 
the country, reading and 
discussion programs connect 
lifelong learners with books 
and films. For more 
information, visit the ALA 
website at wvvw.ala.ora;. 

An Urban Memoir 

Senior residents at Potomac 
Gardens pubUc housing site in 
Washington, D.C., met with 
public historians tor two years 
to assemble their stories and 
review their pliotographs and 
tavorite objects. The historians 
learned about migration from 
the rural south to Washington, 
D.C., and everyday life in the 
city' since the 1 920s. Grants 
trom the Humanities Council 
ot"Wasliington, D.C., helped 
produce an oral history 
project. "In Search of 
Common Ground," a 
documentary video, and an 
exhibition at the Anacostia 

A French-Speaking Place 

On French Island, Maine, a 
small group of residents started 
asking their neighbors to talk 
about life there when they 
were young — simply to 
capture some ot the histoiy 
of this French-speaking 
community' before it 
disappeared. With the help 
of many people in the 
community and a grant trom 
the Maine Humanities 
Council, their oral histories 
evolved into a photo-graphic 
archive, a website, and an 
illustrated history of the 
community. To see how a 
smaD family history project 
can gi^ow; visit vvvv^v.old- us/ 

Two of the participants in the program 
"In Search of Common Ground: Senior 
Citizens and Community Life at 
Potomac Gardens." 



Finding help 

Help a Local 
set up a "Family 
History Day." 

Look tor case 
studies of 
coniniuiiirv' oral 
history projects at 

Below: Participants in The 
Century Project, young and old, 
gather in the Hall of Flags at 
the Maine Statehouse. 

Preserving family and community history is parr of rhc mission of local 
libraries, historical societies, museums, humanities councils, colletjes, and 
universities — and \'ou can help. X'olunteers are crucial to local history projects, 
so aet m touch with ortjanizations like these and sian tip. 

• \olunteer for local oral histt")r\- projects. Hist(M"ical organizations aren't the 
onl\- spiMtsiMs: senior centers, fraternal organizations, and professional 
associations sometimes collect oral histories. The skills you've developed m 
gatherin>j your own famiK^ histor\' will be useful, and transcribing oral 
histories is also vital work. Transcripts are still iinc of the best means of 
storing and sharing oral histories. 

• Help a local histor\' organization set up a "hamiK History Day." People from 
the coinmuniI\' can brina in photographs, di.iries, naturalization papers, and 
other t.imiK- treasures to learn a little more about them from the staff of the 
museum ov histitncil asstx'iatuMi. I he Kical ions get .1 better idea of what is out 
there 111 the communit\' .\nd can photi')Copy 
Llocuments aiKJ photogr.iphs mn^hl be 
import. lilt lor iiroor.ims or collections. ■*• 


Making the story grow 

An Island in Washington State 

The Orcas Island Oral 
History Project has a torry- 
year history, and students and 
volunteers have been crucial 
to the project throughout its 

these recordings joined the 
growing oral history 
collection, hi 1999 — through 
the work ot professional 
historians, photographers. 

life. In the i95()s, a University storytellers, performers, aiK 

ot Washmgttin student began 
an oral history project with 
residents of island, off the 
Washington coast near 

volunteers — the project 
culminated m an exhibition 
and series ot public 
programs. Both celebrate the 
island's past and share with its 

Counterclockwise, from top; 
One of the six adjoining 
homestead cabins that are 
part of the Orcas Island 
Historical Museum. 

West Sound, Orcas Island, 
Washington, about 1890. 

The late Alfred O'Neill, 
subject of an oral historv- 

Main Street in East Sound, 
Orcas Island, about 1939. 

Bellingham. Other local 

residents and scholars picked resiclents the permanent 

up threads of the project and archive ot local history 

added photographs of some gathered and preserved over 

residents m the 197(ls. In the the years. 

19S{ Is, teachers on the island 

assigned students to 

interview their elders, and 


Encourage your 
teachers to 
develop family 
history projects. 

Teaching American history 
through family history 

Seen through a grandparents eyes or in nn old t.iiniK' plioroai.iph. events such .is the 
(nil Riijhls MoNcmcnt and the Depression regain the inimedi.ic\' ot hfe. 
I'lriiiijini^ this t.uiiih' histor\' inio the cl.issroom helps children underst.ind how people's 
choices h.u'c sh.iped our histor\- .ind still mniience our Ines tod.U'. Iincour.iae \oiir 
children's te.ichers to deselop f.imih' histor\' actn'ities or to assign projects like these: 


Cdass Famih' QuiIt — Cji\e each child a sc^uare of construction paper to decorate in 
class and at Innne with emblems ot his or her famih- lite; pictures ot tamiK' members 
, including pels . mementos ot tamih' pastimes and tra\'els. words and images that 
e\oke the tamiK heritai^e. horm a quiIt with the tmished sc]uares on a bulletin board. 
Have each child talk about his iir her sc]uare. then talk as a sjroup about the things their 
families share. 

Elementary School 

Where I'm I rom — C ombme aeoo;raph\' with tamiK histor\- b\ ha\'inij students research 
the regions and countries that are part ot their heritage. .As a class, create a large world 
m.ip on v\hich each student can plot his or her tamil\''s tra\'els o\'er time. Discuss the 
iMiit^e ot countries and cultures represented, the distances cmered o\er many Iitetmies, 
and where the paths ot students' tamilies ma\- ha\e crossed. 

Middle School 

The Impact of Bvcnts — Use family history to help students understand the impact ot 
landmark events. I'or e\'ents still in livint; menior\-, such as World War II. the space race, or the 
mo\ement ol women into the workplace, students can interview famiK' members to learn how 
an event alfected their lives — or wh\' it didn't, bov events long past, such as the Calitornia Ciold 
Rush or the Dawes Act, students can research family documents or family traditions to create 
timelines that show how these events changed their families' lives. 

High School 

"Auto-biograph\'" — Today, most American's lives are shaped in part by "auto-mobility" — 
the freedom to live far from the workplace, visit distant relatives, even drive to the wilderness. 
Have students create family auto-biographies, which might include pictures of cars their 
ancestors have owned, oral histories of memorable roadtnps. and a comparison of the 
automobile's influence on family life across se\'eral aenerations. 

A Note for Teachers 

At, you can find lesson plans and classroom-ready resources in famiK 
history for all grade levels. Look here for lessons that integrate learning across the 
curriculum — in literature, language arts, geography, social studies, civics, technoloay, art, 
music, and other disciplines. In addition, there are many activities and projects adaptable for 
learning outside the classroom, in community centers, bj' youth aroups, and within the home. 

PLot the 
migrations of 
your ancestors 
on a world and 
U.S. map. 

Keep in mind that family history can touch on sensitive and sometimes painful issues, such as 
the difficult experiences some family members ma\- have had. Teachers should try to anticipate 
concerns such as these and respect the privacy of students and their families. • 

Visit "Teaching with 
My History" at 


53^1 Joining your hometown experts 

After you visit, 
you may want to 

Visit your local historical society and public library — find our whir's 
ah"ead\' rhcrc. All local hisroncal organizanons depend in parr on rhc 
aood will of rhe communir\', so vou may wanr ro voliinreer. ^bri mighr 
li\e near a srare or regional hisroncal organization, and rhose places 
olren need \'olunreer help, roo. 
Clieck rhe lisr of organizanons in 
rhis book for possibilities. Local 
hisroncal societies are parncrilarK' 
interesred m acquiring docu- 
menred famih' uems. • 

" Chinese Histoncal Society ot Amenca 


Fong Soo Foons story 


iilia Fons^'s crrandfathcr. \'on<^ Soo Foon, passed away when she was only a year 

old, but she feels she knows him. A visit to the Chinese Historical Society 

helped to inspire her search for his story. She chronicled his life's journey from 

China across the Pacific to the United States. She traced his father, brothers, 

wife, and children; and a merchant named Fong Soo On, who made Fong Soo Foon 
his "paper son. " The wanderings would take her through the San Francisco earth- 
quake of 1906, World War 11, and the Communist Revolution. 

Fong Soo Foon was born in 
Taishan, China, in 1402. into a 
family and a village struggling 
against poverty. Even as a young 
man, lie knew he could never be 
a farmer nor st.iy in Taishan. 
Hope tor a better lite in the 
United States drew him, as it had 
thousands of Chinese since the 
Cold Rush d.ivs of^the l<S4l)s. 

Fong Soo Foon's father forbade 
him to leave. Two of his brothers 
had already immigrated to the 
United States and were plagued 

by debts. The United States didn't 
want him. The C^hinese Exclusion 
Act of 1SS2 prohibited imnugra- 
non by .Jl Chinese except sclmlars, 
diplomats, and certain merchants 
and barred any C'hmese from 
becoming naturalized citizens. 
Merely a laborer. Fong Soo Foon 
knew that his only chance to 
bypass tins law and reach America 
was to buy someone else's identiry 
tor a huge sum and convince 
immigration ofFicials that he was 
the son of a legal Chinese resident 
of' the United States. 

"Paper sons," in a way, were 
children of the San Francisco 
Earthquake of l')()(i. It destroyeci 
birth certificates and citizenship 
papers for many of the 
natur.ilized citizens and legal 
Chinese immigrants in California, 
who could then claim they had 
left behind sons or daughters m 
their homeland. Young men and 
women in C'hina paid thousands 
of dollars to assume these 
identities and come to the 
United States. 

Top: Fong Soo Foon, Julia 
Fong's grandfather. 
Above; Jimmy Fong, left, 
with his mother, Yee Fee 
King, and sister Dorsee. 
tett; The U.S. Quarantine 
Station at Angel Island, 
California. Chinese Historical 
Society of Amenca. 





Gold discovered in California 
and Gold Rush begins. 


35.000 Chinese are living in California, 
one out of ten residents of the state. 


The Chinese Exclusion Act suspends 
immigration from China for 10 years: 
it is extended indefinitely in 1904. 


Julia Fong's grandfather Fong Soo 
Foon born in Taishan, China, the fifth 
son in a family of II children, 


San Francisco Earthquake destroys 
immigrant records, opening the door 
to "paper sons" from China. 


Angel Island opens as an immigrant 

station and begins processing 



Fong leaves China for the United 
States. After interrogation, he 
receives a Certificate of Identity. 

Above: Jimmy Fong. 
third from left, back row, 
stayed with his relatives 
in Hong Kong for eight 
years while he waited to 
join his family in the U.S. 
Left: A transcript of Fong 
Soo Foon's immigration 
interview at Angel Island, 

Foiig Soo Foon cwntiuilK' won 
his father's blessing. With help 
from his brother, he borrowed 
S3. ()()() to become the paper son 
ot Fong Soo On, a meivhant in 
Sacramento. He studied the 
details ot his new identit\' for 
months and finallv boarded tiie 
S.S. !\'aiikiiii! tor the United 
States. He reached San Francisco 
on October 14, l''2l, and on 
November 3, began his cycle of 
interviews at the Angel Island 
Immigration Station m San 
FrancisccT Bay. the "Ellis Island 
of the West." 

Immigration officials interviewed 
Fong Soo Foon three times, 
asking questions such as where 
did yon live? When did your 
family move there? Which 
house? How many entrance 
doors to the house? Do the 
houses in your row touch? 
Where was the well? What 
material was the schoolhouse 
made of? They also inter\-iewcd 
the merchant Fong Soo On and 
other witnesses, asked the same 
questions, anci compared the 
answers. One immigration 
official found contradictions in 
the testimony and recommended 
that Fong Soo Foon be denied 
admission to the United States. 

Top right: Prospecting for 
gold near Nevada City, 
California, 1852. 

Above right: Restaurant 
and Tea Garden, Chinatown, 
San Franrisco, Chinese 
Historical Society of America. 

A week later a second inspector 
read the interviews diflerentlv 
overturned the original decision, 
and transtormed the lives oi 
Fong Soo Foon and his taniilv 
On December 24, he passed 
through the immigration station, 
deep in debt, alone, without 
work, and carrying his new 
American C'ertificate of Identity-. 

Fong Soo Foon found work m 
a laundrv, one ot die tew jobs 
.ivailable to tdiinese immigrants 
111 the United States. He worked 
hard, paid off his debts in just a 
few years, and began to send 
money home. However, he 
seldc^m lett the safety of 
Chinatown — a ha\eii from a 
society that distrusted Cdiinese. 

In his new country, Fong Soo 
Foon still t'elt deep ties to China. 
He s.ived monev for a trip hack, 
but turned 21 in the meantime. 
His age invalidated his original 
papers, so he added a new Lwer 
to his identit)'. He presented 
himselt to immigration officials 
as a part owner of the |in Fook 
Company, which sold drv goods, 
groceries, and general 
merchandise in San Francisco. 
He memorized his facts well, and 
by the end of l')24, Fonij; Soo 

Foon was a 
p.iper son 
and a paper 
p.irtner, on 
his w.iv to 

Fong Soo 
Foon's trip 
back to his 

homeland began a cycle of 
reunion, marriage, parenthood, 
immigration, and separation that 
lasted 34 years, until l^^SS. He 
married Yee Fee King when he 
first returned to China. Hut she 
could not bear to le.ive her 
family anci homeland, so he 
returned to the United St.ites 
alone. He sent money to her 
faithfully, saved for other trips to 
Cdima, .ind returned there m 
l'J32 and 1939. On his last trip 
he fled the country just ahead of 
invading |apanese troops and the 
outbreak iif World War 11. 

Fong Soo Foon and Yee Fee 
King had two daughters and a 
son — Bik To, Donsee, and |iiiiiiiv. 
Bik To married a Chinese 
veteran of the U.S. military and 
immigr.ited to the United States 
in l''45. After the Chinese 
Exclusion Act was lifted in I ''43. 

1924 _ 

Immigration Act establishes guotas 
for each nationabty — 2 percent of 
their representation in 1890 census. 

Working as a laundry man, Fong earns 
enough to pay off his debts. He 
becomes a "paper business partner" 
with San Francisco grocers to obtain 
a new visa and buys passage to China. 


While in China, Fong marries Yee Fee 
King. She wants to stay in her 
homeland, and gives birth to their 
first daughter in 1926. 


Fong returns to China for another 
visit; second daughter born in 1933. 


Fong visits China for the last time 
and cuts visit short due to the 
outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War; 
third child, Jimmy, who is Julia's 
father, born in 1940. 


Chinese Exclusion Act repealed. 


Fong's daughter Bik To marries a 
Chinese veteran of World War II and 
immigrates into the United States. 


Fong becomes a U.S. citizen; Yee Fee 
King comes to the United States and 
leaves two younger children — Dorsee 
and Jimmy — in the care of relatives 
in China. 


Left: From left to right, 
Fong Soo Foon, Yee Fee 
King, their daughters 
Oorsee and Bik To, and 
her husband and 

ri'linv: Jimmy Fong. 
H.ittnm: Julia Fong and 
her maternal great- 
grandmother, in China. 


Dorsee and Jimmy escape Communist 
Revolution and stay with cousins in 
Hong Kong: Dorsee becomes a "paper 
daughter" and joins her family in the 
United States. 


After many attempts, Fong's petition 
to bring his son to America is 
approved, and Jimmy joins his family 
in the United States. 


Angel Island becomes a national 

Fong S(H) f-oon bcg.m the 
process ot heconiiiiL; .in cmzcii. but tlic sm.ill 
qiiot.i tor naturalized C Chinese 
kept liHii waiting six years. In 
l''4').Yee Fee King was granteci 
J visa to join her hush, ind. and 
Fong Soo Foon huind .i chance 
to bring limnn' o\'er as a paper 
son. |inim\''s opportiiniry tell 
through as Yee Fee King's visa 
wMs about to expire, ami she 
faced the same kind ot terrible 
choice that once contronted her 
husband. She could eithei give 
up her chance to ininugrate. or 
leave behind her two vt)ungest 
children, now sixteen ,iiid nine. 
Not knowing it she would ever 
h.ive .mother chance to |oin her 
husb.ind.Vee Fee King left lier 
childieii with her mother ,ind 
s.nled trom China m D.Sl). tilled 
w nil determin.ilioii to bring her 
children to the United St.ites. 

Poverty kept I^orsee and liinmv 
trapped at their village. The 
\ illagers, desper.ite toi nione\'. 
refused to allow the children to 
leax'e because thev beliexed 
Fong Soo Foon would send 
them more money. The next 
\, Horsee devised a scheme to 
tr.nel with her brother to 1 long 
Kong, supposedly to retriexe 
more money trom her t.ither .iirI 
bring It back to the \ill.ige. (.")nce 
theie. she and |inimy tound 
dist.iiit relatives to stay with. 
Shorth atterw.ird. Horsee 
the ch.ince to beioine .i "p.ipei 
daughter'" herselt. but oiiK' it she 

left within tour months. On 
September 1 1. Dorsee sadK' told 
her little brother to be .i good 
bo\' .ind do well in school before 
she stepped on a plane tor the 
Lhiited States, one d.iv before her 
p.ipers expired. 

lininiN' was now In w.ns old .iiid 
the only member ot his family 
left behind, limiin's parents sent 
him m.iii\ letters .ind .is niiich 
money as they could, and 
repeatedly petitioned the U.S. 
governiiient to grant him a visa. 
C ")ut of frustration and loneliness, 
hmniv took up ealligrapln and 
poured his emotions into the 
intricate, elegant Chinese 
characters. In I'.'.SS — seven wars 
.ifter his sister left Hong Kong and 
nine years after his father became 
,1 n,iturali7ed citi/en — |imiiiv was 
tin.ilK granted perinissuin to |oin 
Ins l.iiiiiK 111 America and meet 
his t.ither tor the first time. 

.SciMl ]ORy\ Yl AKS I.AIIR, |lM.M~i's DAl'lillllU |l'I.IA took lici loiiilli v^lMcle class to llic ( llincse 
I Six'ieU' in ir.iiicisco ,inj iioliceJ .1 progr.iiii c.ilK J "in .SimicIi oI Roots. I lie disccn- 
cr\- oi tlie proaiMin in.iulu\l licr liiiJilino mteresi in lui hcrit.iae. .As .in intem slic iiitci \ icwvd ln'i 
l.itlier, .uinls. .iiul ollui iil,iti\'cs. pon-J owr mimicji.iIUMi liles. iiluiiiecl lo ( liiii.i. .iiul loured llie 
/\nc;el IsLukI Imiiiii^ialion ( enter. Slie then icconslniciid llic sior\ ol lui ei.iiidl.illiiis to let 
p(nen\-. di.stance, or iininii^r.iiion l.iws keep linn lioin liis or Ins lainiK'. .\nd she tr.inslonned 
her own indilfcrence .md even ciiibanMssnienr over her f.iniil\-'s struggle to a sotnve of inrense prule. 


M Y II 1 S T O R Y 

1-1 i S ! C; 

/ / 





Simple steps for preserving 

your family heirlooms and 

combating the perils of rubber 

bands, adhesives, acidic paper, 

heat, light, and humidity 



^ vJk^ 

n% - 

ami]\' rrcasiircs link gcncranons in a Jeep, personal vvaw An\-(inc who has 
seen a arcat-grandnnnhcr's doll, an uncle's baseball cap, ov a photo oi a 
fH relative t^oing; oii to \\\\r knows how iiKivins^ these pieces oi historv can 

be. These s^uidelmes u ill help \ou take care of \'oiir famiK' treasures. 

Not everv'one will be able to tollcw e\-er\' piece of ad\'ice, but do what vou can. Even 
simple, inexpensive steps can ;;o a lona vva\' toward preserving \'our heirlooins. 

And you should keep in mind that en)tninii famiK' heirlooms and pre- 
Si-t-y*w serving them is alwa\'s a balancino; act. bor fra^i^ile objects like cr\'stal or 

heirloom clothincr, the tradeoffs are eas\- to see — the more \-ou handle 
them the areater the risk. But exposing almost any famil\- treasure to 
ever\-da\' changes in liaht, heat, and humidir\' will evcntualK' cause dam- 
tge. The advice here will help you decide where to draw the line. 



\\\ takinc care o\ your famiK's precious objects, you give three oifts: the treasures 
themseKes, wnir dedication in preser\'ina them. M^d a richer understandine; o\ youv 
famiK 's history 

Preserving Your Past 
All objects deteriorate > iver 

111 I ic. so sl.ii t (..hiiil; Im clicill 
now. Make sure to idcntiK; 
pliotoL;raph. .iikI iii.iiiitam 
records of your tiv.isiires. 
I )eserilic tlic liworv ,iik1 
eoiulition ot e.ith ob|cet; note 
w ho made, puivh.iscd. or used 
it;,iud tell It means to 
vour t.imiK.'s identiK' 
indniduals in .1 lamiK' plmto- 
Ljr.ipl) ,ind the liniL' ,md pLite 
It t.iken. Cictting the det.iiK 
(.lown on paper is rewardiiii; in 
itscll. i;i\es vou a w.iv to monitor 
till.- eondition ot \\n\r treasures. 
Your tamiK tivasiiivs cm .iKo 
stiggcst how \iHir tamiK histor\ 
fits into the l.ii'Lier story ot the 

'Consult a Conservator" 
These three words oiuKiee 

.ippiMi olien in these _i;uide- 
liiies. Sometimes ihere's no 
siihslitute tor e\}ieit lu'lp. 
i'rotession.i! eoiisei A.itors i .itises the 
iletenor.ition ot iii.iii\ ilitiereiU 
m.iteri.ils. and how to slow or 
prewnt it, I hex iii.istei their 
suli|eet thiouL;h w.irs ot 
■ipprentk eship. nni\eisit\ 
pro;j;r.iins. or both, .iiul usii.ilK 
h.i\e .1 speei.illv. siuh .is 
p.untings or hooks. A loeal 
niuseum. libr.irv or 
sonety iii.i\ know where to 
tiiid eoiiser\ators in \oui .ire.i 
.ind t.iii ofier other .id\'Ke on 
preser\inii \otir tre.ismes. 



Light, temperature, humidity, pollutants, pests, and handling all affect how rapidly objects 
decay. Here are a few basic things you can do to save your heirlooms: 

Display or store your 
treasures in a stable, 
clean environment. 

Filtered air. a temperature 
of 72° F or below, and 
liuniidit\- between 45 and 
55 percent are ideal goals. 
Day to day. tr\' to avoid 
dampness, too much heat, 
and dramatic changes in 
temperature and humidirv. It" 
you teel comtcirtable. \our 
treasures probabK' will. too. 

Location, location, 
location! DispLiy and store 
your treasures awav from 
heat sources, cmtside walls, 
basements, and attics. Don't 
hang Great Grandpas 
portrait o\er the radiator 
or tlreplace. 


.'Kcid IS found n.iturallv in many 
kinds ot paper and wood. It is 
acid that makes newspapers 
yellow .ind britrie so quicklv. 
Throughout these guidelines, 
you will see references to 
diiii-tivc products and certain 
plastics. These materi.tls are 
recommended for display and 
storage because thev will not 
harm vour tamih' treasures. 

Shun the sun and 
fluorescent light. They 
t.ide and discolor most 
treasures and are especially 
dangerous to fabrics and 
ainthing on paper. 

Check for signs of pests. 

Holes ill furniture or textiles, 
wood shavings, and tiny 
droppings are all evidence. 
Gonsult a conservator if 
you spot trouble. 

Here are a few other 
terms you will encounter 
in this guide and in 
supply catalogs: 

Buffered and Unbuffered: 

.Ml materials are either acidic, 
neutral, or alkaline. Acidic 
materials will slowK' destro\- 
your heirlooms. Acid-free 
materials m,iy be butlered 
(slightly alkaline) to help 
counteract the effects of acids or 
unbuflered ( Buffered 
materials are safe for most 
treasures but choose unbuffered 
for blueprints, photographs, and 

Heirloom allergies. 

Historic objects can be 
harmed by abr.isive cleaners; 
dry-cleaner's bags; glues, 
adhesive tapes, and labels; 
pins and paper clips; acidic 
wood, cardboard, or paper; 
and pens and markers. 

Even if it is broken, 
don't fix it! 

A smudged painting, torn 
photograph, or broken vase 
m.ay seem easv to fix. They 
aren't. Well-intended but 
amateur repairs usualK' do 
more h.irm than goiid. 
Consult .1 conserwitor for 
advice on valued items. 

Plastics and Foams: Several 
kinds of plastics are useful m 
preser\ing your treasures. 
Polyethylene, polypropvlene, 
polyester, polycarbonate, and 
acn.lic products are all stable 
materials that can help protect 
vour heirlooms. 

The ne.xt twelve pages give 
advice on display, handling, 
storage, and b.isic care for the 
most rv'pical family treasures. 

ll, 4trtflu.,t, a - 






Keep treasured books 

out of attics and 


lb iviiunv .1 book fioiii the slicl 
push h,ii.k thi.- hooks on ciclicr 
sulc aiul grasp it along tlic spmc; 
don't pull the top ot the book 
\s ith \otir fniger. 

( )pen books earetiillv. and 
don't press down on the pages 
to llatten the spine. 

Stand books tipnght on sheKes. 
Support them \\ ith books or 
bookends ot similar size. 
r)ispl,i\- verv large books flat. 

Store books on shelves 
lined with pt)lyestcr film or 
hcavv, aeid-free papicrbt)ard. 
Avoid direct contact with 
wooden slieKes. 

Protect dam.iged books by 
storing them in aeid-hee boxes 
and inspect them regtilarly. 
It \oii see signs ot mold or 
pests, contact a conservation 




I )iist books at least once .1 war 
w ith a magnetic dtist cloth or 
a vaciiiim on \erv low suction 
using the brush attachment 
cmered w ith cheesecloth. 

I )on't use oils, leather dressings, 
s.iddle soap, polish, or adhesive 
t.ipe on books. 



,1 Vl*'^^^9•^ , ^j/f* 

ceramics, glass, and stone 




Handle your objects one ,it 
a time with clean, dry hands. 
Use two liands to Htt each one. 

Avoid using special pieces to 
store food or hold live flower 
arrangements; don't hll ceramics 
or glass with colored water. 

Display and Storage 

Display and store ceramics and 
glass away from direct sunlight 
on level shelves. Do not expose 
them to extreme temperatures. 

Keep pieces separate. Use flannel 
cloth, paper towels, or thin poly- 
ethylene foam to layer stacked 
plates or to wrap individual items 
for packing. 


Dust glass, ceramic, or stone 
objects with a m.ignetic dust 
cloth. Do not use dusting sprays, 
polishes, or commercial cleaners. 

Hand wash pc~)rcelain, stoneware, 
and other glazed ceramics and 
glass in w.irm water and a little 
dishwashing liquid. Dry with 
a soft towel. Never clean them 
m an automatic dishwasher. 

Do not wash iins^lazcd ceramics 
and glass or ceramics with gold 
edging, hand-painted decorations, 
or repairs. Dust with a soft- 
bnstled brush or v.icuum with 
a brush attachment. 

Bring outdoor stone sculpture 
inside during cold weather or 
cover with burlap. 

If a treasured object breaks, vvr.ip 
all the pieces in paper towels 
or tissue paper and contact 
a conservator. 


Using any ceramic 

or glass object 

places it at risk. 

Save special, 

valuable, or damaged 

pieces for 

display only. 




Keep textiles out 

of sunlight and 

fluorescent light. 

Don't store them in 

direct contact with 

acidic cardboard, 

paper, or wood. 

Use and Display 

Wo.niiig iK'irlooni clothing; 
al\\.i\'s intH)diKt.-s the risk cit 
nps tir st.niis. It you must wcir 
it. .uoid .intipcrspir.iiits and 


WcH" cotton glows to li.iiidic 
heirloom fabrics. Mcnc the 
fabrics on a support or iii 
their boxes. 

I )ispl,iv fabrics flat or hunt; at an 
anL;le to recluce pull. When you 
bring vour textiles out into the 
light, keep the light low and 
the occasion brief. 

Support clothing or costumes 
with a plastic hanger padded 
with I lean white totton i.lotli 
to the the s.mie si/e and sh.ipe 
as the article's shoulders. 


Store folded textiles in acal- 
fVee boxes with .ickbfree tissue 
between layers, or wrap them 
in clean white sheets. Pad 
the folds with tissue to 
a\'oid creasmt;. 








To store rugs or heavv 
blankets, roll them 
w itli the pile outWMi'd 
,iiid wrap with washecl 
muslin (uiidved KH) 
percent cotton). 


Never wash or dr\ clean 
anticjue fabrics. Blot am spills 
imniediateK and seek expert 

Sturd\ Items cm be cleaned 
w ith a \acuum cleaner on 
k)w suction, using the brush 
attachment cowred with 
cheesei loth. 

Keep pests out b\ practicing 
good housekeeping. It you 
suspect problems, consult 
a conservator — don't use 
pesticides or mothballs 
withoLit professional giiid.ince. 


mil ji^iisMiiiiis?^ 




precious paper 


i.6 W. Chapel' 

irham, North Caroline 

U.S. of A. 
stados Unldos de Norte Am. 

Use and Display 

Do not Icinim.ite special papers; 
the process can be liarnitnl, 
and it is irreversible. Consult 
a conservator before using anv 
coniniercial deaciditication 

Avoid folding and unfolding 
papers; it weakens tlieni. Place 
oversized items tlat on larger 
pieces of acid-free niatboard 
(and see page 67, "Matting, 
Mounting, and Framing"). 


Store paper materials m darkness 
and ration their time m the 
light — especialK their moments 
in the sun. 

Store loose papers unfolded 
in acid-free paper or poKester 
folders. Put fragile or torn 
documents in folders 
and keep the folders in acid-free 
(not wooden) bo.xes. 

Highly acidic materials like 
newspaper clippings often 
become yellow and brittle 
quickly. Separate them from 
other papers and photocopy the 
clippings onto acid-free papier. 

Bugs love glue ,ind paper 
Keep an eye out for creatures 
feasting on your precious papers. 


Ne\er use paper clips, staples, 
rubber bands, tape, or glue on 
important papers. 

C^onsult a conservator it you hiui 
e\'idence of dirt or mold on 
prued papers. 

PLAN AHEAD. If you are 
creating a family tree or 

an oral history, use safe, durable 

acid-free materials. 

Don't underestimate 

the power of nature. 

Acidity, light, and high 

temperature and 

humidity are the 

greatest threats to 

your family papers. 



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The key to preserving 

"Handle with Care." 

Use and Display 

Displ.iv hiniiturc m tlic lowest 
possible lii^ht. Keep it out of 
siinliL;lu ,iik1 .ntiiJ sIiuiiiil; Limps 
diR-etU onto pieecs. 

Use tl-lt or another soft cloth to 
pjd the b.ise of .my iihjeet placed 
on fnniitiire. C'oasters will help 
protect surfaces from tood. 
water, alcoiiol. candle wax, 
and SLi'.itches. 

A\()k1 using or hioviiil; 

Move furniture slowly .iiid grip 
it firniK' with both hands below 
the center of gr.i\it\, I 'oii't di.ig 
furniture along the tloor, and 
use dollies for he.ivy pieces. 


Keep historic furniture out 
of .ittics and b.isements, (.'heck 
regul.iiK tor exideiice ot insects 
,ind mold. 


Don't use commercial oils that 
claim to "teed" the finish or 
spr.iN's cont.iinmg silicone. 
If necessaiy clean wooden 
surfaces with a lint-free cloth 
lightlv dampened with .1 mild 
soap-and- water solution. 

Use paste wa.x sparingly, once 
a vear, to make light dusting 
easier.'Wax around, not on. 
damaged areas. 

Clean upholstery by vacuuming 
carefulK' through .1 plastic 
screen, and avoid 

Wipe up anv spills immediately. 
If a staui remains or you see signs 
of damage, contact a conservator. 

(.Anginal finishes and upholstery 
are verv important to the \.iliie 
of heirloom furniture. I )o not 
.liter or renio\e them it possible. 



Use and Display 

Display your paintings awav 
from sources ot heat, Ininiiditw 
pollution, and sunlight. An 
interior wall, out ot direet 
sunlight, IS the safest place 
to hang a painting. 

Illuminate paintings with cool 
fiber-optic picture lights. Avoid 
incandescent bulbs and track 
hghting, which can heat 
the surface. 

Attach cardboard backing to 
paintings. Hang by the frame 
whenever possible and use 
mirror plate hangers or 
D-rings instead ot eye hooks. 

Hang paintings securely from 
two mounting points, securing 
mirror hampers to the trame. 

Use picture or mirror hangers 
on the walls — not nails or 
sclt-adhesi\c hooks, 

Hancilmg or moving paintings 
always puts them at risk. C'arn' 
paintings with both hands and 
ask tor help with l.irger pictures. 


To store a painting, trim pieces 
ot cardboard to match the tr.inie 
and place them over the trout 
and back of the painting. Wrap 
the painting m paper and keep 
It upright away trom foot traffic. 
Po not store paintings m 
basements or attics. 


Pust oil paintings very gently 
with .1 clean and sott brush 
(an art supply store is a good 
source). Work trom the top 
down. Use the brush tor this 
chore only and store it in a 
clean bag. Never use sprays, 
waxes, piilishes, or oils. 

Improper clcining or restor.itioii 
techniques can destroy valuable 
paintings. H.ive them cleaned 
and repaired by a protessional. 



The greatest threats to 
paintings are careless 

handling and rapid 

changes in temperature 

and humidity. 

Works of Art on Paper 

There are more works ot art on 
paper than on canvas — sketches, 
watercolors, drawings, and 
posters, for example. Care for 
them as you would other paper 
treasures: hmit exposure to 
extremes ot light and 
temperature; use acid-free 
materials tor display and storage. 
Handle some with special care: 
"■powclery" art such as pastels or 
charcoal drawings will smudge 
easily and fingerprints can stain 
glossy posters. 

Frame them correctly or store 
them m protective matting 
or folders. 


photographs and slides 


Improve the odds — 

make duplicates of 

important images. 

Cool, dry, and dark are 

the best conditions 

for preserving prints, 

negatives, and slides. 


I )ispLiv copies ot phoCograplis 
wiK'ncvvr possible and store 
the oni^iii.iK Alw.ixs 
111. ike copies ot il.iiii.igei-i photos. 

Protect photognipluc prints 
behincl glass or acrylic 
tilters ultr.iviolet light, such 
.is .ippropri.ite kinds ot plexigl.iss. 

[ r.iiiie photi)graphic prints 
\\ ith acid-tree stable m.iteri.ils. 
Use ragboard m.its p.iss the 
photographic acti\ir\' test (I'AT). 
The mats should be iinbutlered 
tor color photos .iikI butlered 
tor bl.ick .iiid \\ lute. 

Use acid-tree — not magnetic 
or selt-aiihesne — photo .ilbiims. 
I'rotect color tr.insp.ireiu les. 
slides, and neg.itiws m st.ihle 
plastic pages. 


Store photos and negatnes m 
enw'lopes or tolders m.ide ot 
stable pl.istic tilm or acici-tree 
paper, l-'lace the enwlopes in 
acid-tree boxes and don't pack 
them too tigluK. 

Avoid storing photos m contact 
with kiatt paper, gl.issme 
enwlopes, mounting bo.ird \\ ith 
high wood-pulp (.onteiit, rubber 
cement, or glue. 


Handle photographs, negatives, 
and slides onlv by the edges 
and ,noid touching the image. 
Wearing cotton glows is a 
good idea. 

Try to label photographs on the 
backs ot traines or on album or 
storage pages. It necessary, use a 
soft. No. 2 pencil to write lightly 
on the back. 

Keep photos .iiid neg.itiws out 
ot the reach ot pests. 


scrapbooks and albums 

Display and Storage 

Sliclw small and niediuni-sizcd 
scrapbociks and albums iipiiL^ht. 
It they are large, bulge open, 
or contain loose items, display 
or store them flat. 

If a scrapbook's cover is loose, 
tie the book closed with linen 
or cotton tape. 

It mdnidual items are loose or 
a scrapbook is damaged, store it 
in an acid-tree box or wrap it 
in acid-tree paper. 


News clippings ,ind other 
yellowed papers are highly acidic 
.ind m,i\ harm items on nearby 
pages. It vou can sat'ely remove 
these clippings from a scrapbook, 
photocopy them onto acid-tree 
paper, put the copies m the 
book, and saw the originals 
separately it they have 
handwritten intormation. 

It \ou cult renuA'C acidic 
materi.ils like news clippings 
from a scrapbook, separate them 
from other items with sheets ot 
acid-tree paper or polyester tiliii. 

Use iiiily plastic or acid-tree 
paper corners to reattach loose 
items. For all other repairs, seek 
protessional advice. 

Tips on making a 
new family album: 

■ Select safe materials such as 
acid-free binders, pages, and 
paper corners and stable 
plastics tor sleeves, pocket 
pages, and stamp mounts. 

■ l'hotocop\ newspaper 
clippings onto acid-free paper 
and consult a conservator 
about the st.ibilit\ of other 
photographs and papers. 

■ C'uttiiig origin. il photographs 
or other l.imiK heiiiooiiis 
into decoiMtive shapes 
diminishes their value; 
use copies. 

Handle old scrapbooks 

and albums with care. 

Never repair them 

with tape or glue. 


'^^, y^^:f 

-^ -^4^^ 




"' V 

i« ^ 







jm- f 










M '^ 



t ■! 

silver and other metals 



Different metals need 
different kinds of care- 
know what you have. 
All antique metals, 
including coins, 
lose value when buffed 
or polished too 
harshly or too often. 
Don't overdo it. 


Oils 111 the skin will etch the 
siirtacc ot silver. Use .i soft 
eiitton cloth to biift otl 
hn;j;erprints im t;lovcs 
for frequent li,iiullin;j;. 


Store siKer at inodei.ite 
teiiiper.itiiie and low hiimidit\' — 
awa\ troni eoi losiw .ii;eiits like 
salt, siit;ar, aeidic tootls, paper, 
wiHil, rubber (ineliidmL; rubber 
b.mds), iinse.iled wood, or pl.istie. 

(loth speei.illv treated tor 
pidteetini; silver is ,i\Mil,ible 
111 bags ,ind rolls for vvrappiiii; pieces tor storai^e. 
You can .iKo wrap pieces in 
sulfur- aiul ai id-tree tissue p.iper 
and seal them in .1 b.iL; with a 
inmineii antit.irnish strip. 


A\oid polishes 
and dips containinL; dilute 
sulfuric acid. 

To polish silver, use a p.iste made 
of calcium c.irbonate and .1 mild 
deteri;ent solution, applied w ith 
cotton balls. i<.iiise w ith water to 
renunc residues aiul dr\ with a 
sott. lint-free cloth. 

IVeat all-silver jewelry like silwr 
ob|ects, but never inmierse 
lewelry with t;ems .uul semi- 
precious materials m w.iter. 

Other precious metals 

I'olishiuL; can destrov the look 
of met.illic coatings, such as 
goUi-pLite. siKer-gilt, golden 
\arnishes, and ormolu (an .illov 
of copper and tm or zinc 
looks like gold). 

Bronze, br.iss, copper, .md 
gold-pl.ited metals in.iv have 
an p.itina or a tactory- 
.ipplietl lacquer. C'lean gently 
with .1 damp cloth. Bright, 
unl.icquered brass .md copper 
can be cleaned like siKer. 

Pewter .md nickel siKer 
(also known .is silver) 
should be dusted, onlv 
occ.ision.ilK w.ishei,!, .ind then 
thoioUL!lil\ dried. 


leather and other organic materials 

Use and Display 

Baskets, leather, and other 
organic ob]eets are among tlie 
most vulnerable family heirlooms. 
Handling them trequenriy can 
shorten their litespans. 

Never nail, taek, iir tape objects 
to the wall or hang them by their 
own straps or handles. 

Secure objects on dispLu' with 
interior and exterior supports 
that are padded with acid-tree 


Use acid-free bo.xes and 
polyethylene foam tor packing 
and storing. To prevent 
distortion, gently pad the shape 
ot the object with acid-free 
tissue paper. 


Lift organic materials below 
the center ot gravitv. 
Don't pick them up by their 
eclges, rims, straps, or handles. 

Use a tray or box tii carry 
articles that ai 
supple, or hav 


('lean iindec 

unp.imted ba 

mats, leather, 

tiir, and 




a low-pcnvere 

vacuum clean 

using the brush 

attachment covered with 

cheesecloth. Never apply water 

or cleaning agents. 

Never apply waxes, oils, leather 
dressings, or other coatings to 
objects made ot organic 



Objects made from 

plants and animals are 

always at risk from 

insects, light, and 

changes in humidity. 

Keep them in stable, 

protected environments 

and inspect them 








videotapes and audiotapes 



The images and sounds 
captured on videotapes 
and audiotapes do not 
last. Take tapes in poor 
condition or obsolete 

formats to experts 

equipped to reformat 

or copy them. 


H.indlL- only tlic c.issettc'<. never 
tile t.ipe surtaees. 

liu\ i;<H)d qiKilit\ audui- and 
\'idei)tapes — they're thicker and 
stronger. Kecord videotapes 
at standard speed (SP rather 
than El') tor better iin.iges. 
Break otl the tab on a \ideo- 
cassette to prewnt acudentally 
recording o\er important 

Insert and eject tapes at blank 
points, and panse them .is httle 
.IS possible. When wn're done, 
rewind the tape and remove it 
from the tape plaver right aw.iv. 

Avoid pl.i\ iiig valuable tapes on or suspect etjiiipment. 


Keep tapes away trom sonrees of 
magnetic fields — electric lines. 
fUiorescent lights, electric motors, 
.iiid m.ignets. 

.Store reels and cassettes on end. 
like books, m labeleci, hard- 
plastic cont.imers. Keep them 
in cool. dr\ .i\\a\ trom 
clust .Did direct sunliiiht. 


Make extra copies of valuable 
tapes and store them in a safe 
cleposit box. or \\ ith a friend 
tir relative. 

Read the manuals for your 
•iiidiocassette plaver andVCM^ 
to le.irn .iboiit proper operation 
and routine maintenance. 
C'lean the recording heads on 
schedule aiici use dust covers 
on N'our et]Liipment. 


matting, mounting, and framin< 

A frame may be important in 
own right. Consult an expert 
before replacing or repairing it. 

Dust frames with a magnetic 
cloth or a sofi: brush and do not 
decorate them with holiday 
greenery or ornaments. 

Always identifs' the item vou are 
mounting or framing. Anv paper- 
based treasure can be labeled on 
the back along the edge with a 
soft No. 2 pencil. Write gently. 

Use only acici-fi'ee matting and 
backing boarcis. 

Select safe materials to attach the 
paper to the backing board; acid- 
tree photo corners; tissue-paper 
hinges applied with wheat starch 
paste; or gunuiied acid-free paper. 

Never use spray mount, rubber 
cement or other glue, adhesive 
tape or pre.ssure-.sensitive 

C'over the im.ige with acrvlic 
sheets or glass to filter out 
ultraviolet light. Use only glass 
tor artworks in povvdei-y media 
like chalk, charcoal, or pastels. 

I )oirt let photographs, paper 
treasures, prints, paintings, or 
drawings touch glass that covers 
them. Use a window mat to 
separate the work from the 
acrylic or glass. 

Fabrics can be mounted onto 
a support made by covering an 
acid-tree board or stretcher with 
washed 100 percent cotton. 
Sew the tabric onto the cloth 
by hand. You can identifv' the 
heirloom with .1 li.uid-stitched 
label made trom cotton tape. 

If you don't want to frame 
papers or photographs 

yourself, take these guidelines 

to a framing store. 

ep US f/yingJ^ 



Framing or mounting a 
precious heirloom with 

the wrong materials 

can do more harm than 

good. Acidic matboard, 

brown backing paper, 

and cardboard will 

speed the decay of 

prints, fabrics, and 



I or more intbrniiitioii 

I'hc icsoiihif hfh'if i'//ri ifioif ilcLiilid 
tiilvicf ,ilviit pnyfiviin; yt'iii Uniuiy nva- 
suivy Some ol llic iiiloriiiiilioii i> ii:ttink<l 
for >/)Ciiiifors or protciftoiidly hui the >/fc> 
,i/mi IilIiv iiiiiul ,uh'iiY lor lir^iiiiifrs. 

The American Institute tor 
Conservation of Historic and 
Artistic Works (AIC) piuvidcv .i 
tree gmde service to help locate 
conservation protession,ils and 
publishes a series ot tree pamphlets on 
conservation topics. Information is 
available at the AIC website., or contact: 

1717 K Street, NW, Suite 2(10 

Washington, DC 2 (. 

(2112) 432-9.S4,S 
(202) 452-9328 ta,\ 

Heritage Preservation 

publishes Ciiriin; lor)oiii ('olhiiioth. 
.111 informative t'ully illustr.ited 
guuie to conservation ,iiid 
preventne m.untenance tor 
individual collectors. For more 
intormation visit the Heritage 
Preservation website .it 
or coiit.K t; 

I7.V) K Street, NW, Suite .Sfif. 
Washington, nc: 2ill)iif, 
(2(12) 634-1422 
(2112) «4~1435 tax 

Smithsonian Institution Press 

sells (\}us<'rt\itioi! ( 'onuiih: .'\ ( inhh toi 
(Aillceton ami (jirtilor>. published In 
the Cooper-I lewitt National 
Museum ot nesign. Sniithsoni.m 
Institution. Kir intormation. 
call (ISliii) 7S2-4f.l2. 

l'iH;ci >4-(>H from llic (,'c>iia>r 
Pn-H-rvMioii lixl, c IW9 hy I lailaf;i- 

Regional Document Centers 

Aniigos Library Ser\ices, Inc. 
1 441 K I Midway 
DalLis.TX 7.S244-3.S(W 
S( II I-S43-S4S2 or '.'72-S.S 1 -S( M ii ) 
WW w.. 

H.ilbo.i Art C'onserv.ition Center 

\>0 Bo.\ ^755 

San Diego, CA ')2 1 (.3- 1 7,=;5 


C-onservation ("enter for .Art 
and Historic .Artifacts 
2(.4 South 23rd Street 
PhiLidelphia, I'A l'JI(i3 

Cerald R. Ford C 'onservation Center 

1 326 South 32nd Street 

(1maha, NE 6.Sll).3 

4n2-.S'i3-l ISO 

WW w.nebr.tsk.ihistiirvorg 

Flirpers Ferry Center 

Division ot Conservation 

N.itional Park Service 

PO lSo.\ 5(1 

Flarpers Ferry WV 2.S42.S-(M),S() 

3()4_535_h22.S or 3(14, .S3.S-()I39 'htcc'onser\ation 

Intermuseuin C "onserwition 


Allen .Art Building 

Cherlm.tlH 44074 


WW w. 

Northeast I )ocument 

( 'onservation Center 

loo linckstone Si|uare, 4tli Floor 

Andover, MA o|S|0-14')4 


Peebles Island Resource ("enter 
Hnre.ui ot Flistoric Sites 
New York St.ite OtFice of P.irks, 
Recreation t's Historic Pieser\.ition 
\>0 Box 219 
Peebles Island 
Waterford, NY 121SS 
518-2,^7-8643 CNt. 225 or 22u 

Rocky Mount. iin 
Conservation ( "enter 
Unnersiry' ot Denver 
2420 South Unlverslt^ HKd. 
Denver. CC) 80208 
3( 13-733-27 1 2 rmcc 

The Southeastern Library Nen.\ork 

Preserwinon Services 

1 438 W. Pe,ichtree St.. NW, Suite 2( " i 

Atkmta, C,A 3(009-2955 

81111-999-8558 and 404-892-0943 

Str.ius ('enter tor ("onservation 
Harvard Unnersin' Art Museums 
32 Qumcy Street 
C.unbndge, MA 021.^8 

Textile Conservation C'enter 
American Textile History Museum 
49 1 Dutton Street 
Lowell, MA 018.54 
978-441-1 19,S 

lextile Conserv.ition Workshop 
3 Street 
South S.ilein. NY 105911 
<) 1 4-71,3-5805 

Upper Midwest t!iiiiservation 


2400 I bird Avenue South 

Minneapolis, MN 55404 



Willianistow 11 .Art 
("onserv.ition Center 
225 South Street 
Willunistown, MA 01267 




The succeeding pages can help you get srarted in exploring youv famiK's histor\' and 
the history of the United States. The lists here include information about Lxioks, 
films, historical societies, and places to visit. They are just a sampling of what is 
available. More resources can be found at 

Many of the organizations listed in this guide provide online information about 
their collections, hours of operatu'tn, and activities. Consider browsing their websites 
before calling. Also keep in mind that the staff members can handle detailed queries 
more effectiveh' when the\' are m written form. 


Books on U.S. 

77ic /i'//(iri'/»(; /i(><)fa ojfcr ii shirl- 
iii); pciiU lor Icimiiiii; more ahoiil 
Aiiwriiiiii lustory and yom jiiuuly's 
pLuc ill It. Mosi ol ihc hook!: 
should he readily ai'aihihlc at 
yotir kkal puhhi hhrary and your 
school's lihraiy. If you wain to 
know more ahout a particular 
topic, he sure to consult the 
"su\n;estions lor jurther readhni" 
section lound in many ol the 
books. The relerence hhrarian at 
your local Hhrary will also he ahle 
to make recominendanons. 

Americii: A Narrative 
History hy Davul l.mory Sin 
and C.cori^e H.iindali 5//; ed. 
([ViVSortoH and Co.. I')W). 
This ti-xthook wlmvvs together 
political, cultural, and 
economic history to explore 
themes that are central to the 
story of the United States. 

American History: 
A Survey hy .\laii liinikley 
Rohert Briiikley, riaiik Ireulel. 
and I'. Harry 1 1 'illiain<. 'Jtli ed. 
(McCraw-Hill. /VV7;. This 
textbook provides a thorough 
discussion ot in.i|or ewnts. 
politics, goveriiiiieiit, and 
diplomacy, while giving 
attention to social ami 

A Concise History oC the 
American Republic hy 

Samuel Idiol .\lorison. William 
h'uchtenhuri>. I lenry .Steele 
(A>mma\>er 2iid ed. (Oxford 
I virersity I'ress. l9S.i).TW\s 
comp.ict .iccount of U.S. his- 
tor\- charts the course ot'tlie 
n.ition trom the arrival ot the 
Native Ameru alls' 
(orehears to the ( barter and 
Reagan .idministr.ilions. 

Encyclopedia of American 
Facts and Dates hy ( iorion 
(.'.arnith. I (kit ed. (Harper and 
Row. I')')!}. This volume offers 
more than LS.dOO entries 
indexed by date .iiid subject 
sp.mning 1,0011 years of U.S. 
historv. Included are entries 
on exploration and settlement, 
wars, government, civil rights, 
arts, culture, business and 
industry, science, education, 
religion, fashion, .md sports. 

Encyclopedia of American 
History hy Richard B. Morris 
and Jeffrey B. Morris, eds. 7tli ed. 
(Harper Collins. 1 996). This 
upd.iteti eilition ot a cLissic 
reference work covers the his- 
torv ot the United St.ites tfom 
pre-( times through 
the first of the C'linton 
administration. It includes 
a basic chronologv. J topical 
chronology, and biographies 
of 4.S0 notable Americans. 

Eyes of the Nation: 
A Visual History of the 
United States hy I iiiceni I in;a 
and the (airators ol the Library ol 
Coin;ress. Historical commentary hy 
.Man Hnnkley (.Mfied.l. Knopf 
1997) Im.iges from the collec- 
tions ot the Lilir.irv' of ('ollgr(.^s, 
including prints, ilrawmgs, 
photogr.iphs, maps. ,iik1 m.inu- 
scripts. ,ire useil to mnstriut a history of the Unitetl 
St.ites. Brinkley s commentarv 
explores the ihenK-s 
evoked by the images. 

Historical Atlas of the 
United States />)' the Xaltonal 
Ceof^raphic Society (.Witional 
C,eoc;raphic Society. I9'>4l. 
lllustr.itions, timelines, .iiid 
tables .iccomp.iny topic. il m.ips tell the story of America, 
iiu hiding ,1 historicil .ipproach 
to iiontr.iditional sub|et ts 
siu li .IS ineteorologN' and 
n.itunil dis.isters. 

A History of US hy Joy 

Hakim. 1(1 vols. (O.xford 
I'liiversity Press, /vy^j. Volume 
1 :Tlie First Americans; Vol. 2: 
Making Thirteen Colonies; 
Vol. i: From Colonies to 
C'ountry; Vol. 4:The New 
N.ition; Vol. .S: LiberU' tor All'; 
Vol. (y. War, Terrible War; Vol. 
7: Reconstruction and 
Reform;Vol. S: An Age of 
Extremes; Vol. '): War, Peace, 
and All that Ja/z; and Vol. 10: 
All the People. Intended for 
children .md teenagers, the 
series cm also be used bv 
adults interested in a fun and 
thought-provoking approach 
to learning American history. 

A People and a Nation: 
A History of the United 
States hy M.iiy Beth Sorton. 
David Kat;maii, Paul IX Uscotl. 
Howard I' Chudacoff.'riiomas C. 
Pateison ami 1 1 illuim .\l liinle. 
v/; ed. (Hom^hton Mtfllm 
Company. / V<V7-<S'j. This text- 
book ofkrs .1 compelling 
sur\e\' ot American history empli,isi/es not only 
politicil historv, but ,ilso 
soc .iikI histor\'. 

The Reader's (Companion 
to American History hy liiu 
loner and lohii .\ ( ,.iriaty. eils. 
(Boston: lloin;liloii .Mifllin 
Company 19') I y This 
encyclopedi.i oflers up-to- 
date articles on iii.i]or themes, 
important events, 
aiui not.ible people in historv. 

The Timetables of 
American History hy 

Liiirence ( 'rdain;..-]ithur .Meter 
Schle.'-im^er.Jr. and Henry Steele 
Comma\ier (Touchstone Books. 
1996). Encompassing events 
fi'om the landing <if the 
Norsemen in 1000 A.I), 
through P)'M, this book pro- 
vides a chronologv of events 
in American history and 
relates them to simultaneous 
developments throughout 
the world. 


American Stories 

I'hc fdiiipliiii; <)/ hoohi hcloir 
cm-onijhiss itorics nhoiil llic I'.v/ioi- 
aiU'S c'/ iiidividiidii and liili poi- 
Imlts ofAiiicriuui fiiDullcs. Seme 
arc iiaiJiUircs, irliilv ollicrs div 
ivllntioiis ()/ end hiitories, Icttcn, 
and doiHiiiciits. llic heeki eflcr 
an opperliiinty le sec hew seme 
Ameiieaiis weiv iidluemed hy and 
nspended le seiial, adtural. and 
cceneime cirenmstaneei threin;liein 
em eennlry's hislery. lliey ahe 
eflef a slarliii^ peini lei yen le 
think ahem heir year family stery 
may fit the laixei panehima el 
American histeiy. 

America's Adopted Son: 
The Remarkable Story of 
an Orphaned Immigrant 

Boy hy Samuel JWihasiaii 
(Beehmglits Press. 1997). 
Following the massacre nt his 
Armenian village and death 
of his lather, Samuel Nakasian 
and his family emigrated to 
the US. in 1915. After the 
death ot his mother, he beeame 
a ward ot the Children's Aid 
Society and was placed at the 
Brace Farm School. Nakasian 
relates how he transcended 
overwhelming circumstances 
to become one ot America s 
"adopted sons." 

Ancestors: A Family 
History hy William Maxwell 
(I nitai;e Beeks. 1995). For 
years, WiUiam Maxwell's tainily 
took sepia-toned photographs 
as evidence ot aristocratic 
origins, until he began to ask 
questions about his bloodlines. 
Instead, Ma.wvell discowred 
that he came h'om a long line 
ot ordinarv folks — itinerant 
preachers, tanners, small 
businessmen, and trailblazers. 

The Color of Water: 
A Black Man's Tribute to 
His White Mother hy James 
Meliride iRirerliead Beeks. 1996). 
lames McBride recounts his 
lifelong quest to unclerstand Ins 
mother. A Polish immigrant 
and the daughter ot an ortho- 
dox Jewish rabbi, Rachel 
McBride married a black man 
111 l'M2, became the only 
white resident of Harlem's 
Red Hocik Projects, founded a 
church, and put twelw children 
thnuigii college. 

Coming of Age in 
Mississippi hy .Anne .Meedy 
ll9f,S:rev. ed. Lmivleah l'>''7l 
In this classic memoir of the 
Civil Rights Movement, Anne 
Moody chronicles her child- 
hood in Mississippi and the 
powerflil impact the lynching 
of fourteen-year-old Emmett 
Till had on her lite. She also 
describes her subsec]uent 
involvement in sit-ins and 
voter registration drives, and 
the worn,' her activism caused 
her tainilv. 

Ellis Island Intervie\vs: In 
Their Own Words hy Peter 
Merten Coan (Facts en I-'ile, 
1997). This book represents a 
thirty-year effort by Ellis Island 
employees to collect the oral 
testimony of men and women 
who passed through the immi- 
gration station on their way 
to a new lite m America. It 
features stories from more than 
13(1 immigrants from Europe 
and the Middle East. 


Families and Freedom: 
A Documentary History of 
African-American Kinship 
in the Civil War Era ity Ira 

Berlin and Leslie Rowland (Free 
Press. 1997). Personal testimony 
and other documents were 
culled fi-om Army and 
Freedmen's Bureau records at 
the Nation,J Archives to illumi- 
nate the meaning of freedom 
tor Afiican American families 
during the C^ivil War era. 

Family />)' Ian Fra:ier (Farrar. 
StraiL\aiid ( areii.x. P>'H). Ian 
Frazier combines histoiy 
genealogy, and autobiography 
to tell the story of his ancestors 
tix:im the Puritan settlement 
of the 163()s to the present. 
Extensive research allows him 
to unr.wel family myths and tie 
his fimily history to the ups and 
downs ot a developing nation. 

The Good War: An Oral 
History of World War Two 

/))' Studs Terkel, Andre Scliiflrin. 
ed. Irer.ed.Neir Press, 1997). 
Journalist Studs Terkel gathers 
the leniiniscences of 1 2 I par- 
ncipants ot"World War 1 1. Told 
by the famous and ordinaiy, 
the stories paint a vivid picture 
of the war and touch upon 
issues such .is the growth of 
the military-industri,il com- 
plex, racism, and the impor- 
tance of cam.iraderie. 

Growing Up hy Russell Baker 
(New American Lihrary 1991). 
In his Pulitzer Prize-winning 
autobiography. Russell Baker 
chronicles tainilv struggles and 
what It like growing up 
during the I ''3( Is and PUlls m 
the backwoods ofVirginia. a 
New Jersey commuter town, 
and B.iltimore. 

Hard Tiiries: An Oral 
History of the Great 
Depression hy Studs Terkel 
(I97l>: rei'. ed. Pantheon Books, 
P'S6). In this book. Terkel 
talks to both well-known and 
humble Americans who lived 
through the Creat Depression 
of the iy3ns.The interviews 
capture both the somber mood 
and the Hght-hearted moments 
ot a ciifficult period m 
American history. 

Homelands and Waterways: 
The American Journey of 
the Bond Family, 1846- 
1926 liy .-\dele Lof^an Alexander 
(Pamlieeu Beeks. 1999). K'. a 
child, Adele Logan Alexander 
was fascinated by stories about 
her great-grandfather, John 
Robert Bond. The son of 
an Irish woman and man of 
African ancestry. Bond immi- 
grated to the United States 
during the C'ivil War deter- 
mined to fight against slavery. 
Alexander traces Bond's story 
and those of his descendants. 


Honiesteading: A Montana 
Family Album /)}■ Pciry 
Wbllchloii ll>ai<^imi. I9W). 
Written for his L;r,uu1rhiltlivn, 
IVivv Woll.istdUN iiu'iiioii 
piirtr.ivs his paiviUs' strii;^;Jc 
ti) carve out ,i htc on the 
Mont.m.i trdiitier at tlie tiirn- 
of-tlie century. The liarsli 
chinate, which made tanning 
difficult, forced mam settlers 
to abandon their ilreains. 

La Partera:The Story of a 
Midwife hy Inni Ircpcr Buss. 
(I ')iii\i\iiy !>/ .\liilin;iiii I'lvss, 
I'JSD). hraii Leeper Ikiss 
pieces together interviews to 
tell the story ot |esiisita Aragon 
— a iniduite who spent her lite 
on the plains ot northeastern 
New Mexu o. Aragon's lite 
proxides a w mdow into tamiK 
anil c ()iiinuinit\ in the 
Ameru an southwest. 

The Last Fine Time hy I iilyii 
Kluil-:iiihoix l.-\llicii .1. Kiiojil, 
;9y/;.Verlyn Klinkenborg 
traces the Wenzek tamilv Irom 
Us emigration to tiirn-ot-lhe 
century New York to son 
Eddie's conversion ot a work- 
iiigiiians ta\ern in East Butlalo 
into a night club sersing high- 
balls and I rench-tried shrimp 
to men and women ser\ing m 
World War II. 

Legacy: Tlie Story of'Iahiia 
Gilbert Bottoms and Her 
Quilts hy Xaiiahi linrduk 
(IiHlhcli;r Hill I'ycss. I'^SH). 

Talula Bottoms's qiiilts were 
I'aniily gitls — ewry gr.indi hild 
had at least one. Inspired bv 
her grandmother. Nancilu 
Biirtlick uses the i|uilis. letters, 
.iiiii .1 memoir written b\ 

l.ilula .It the aue ot'ei^htv 

to write ,1 t.imilv history otters insights into 
Reconstruction Cieorgia, 
courtship and marriage, and 
lite on an t.inn. 

Lemon Swamp and Other 
Places: A Carolina Memoir 

/')' Mamie ( ',,11 I'll I liclcls and 
Kdirii l-tvlds. ( llic live l'ns\ 
I 'V.S'.i/. K.iren Fields uses letters 
dating trom the IS'Jils ain.1 
inter\'iew s w ith her ''i )-\ 
old grandmother, M.imie 
(i.irviii f-ields, to reconstruct 
M. lime's lite as an educated in eaiK- 20"^ 
ientiir\ C 'h.irlcston. her ci\il 
rights .iclivism. and summers 
on her gr.iiidtather's plantation. 

Letters of a Nation: 
A Collection of 
Extraordinary American 
Letters hy Aiidicir (.'.aiioll 
(Hyoadway Hooks. 19')!). More 
tli.m 2(10 letters record the liis- 
torv ot the Uniteil St.ites siiu e 
Ki.iO. iiuluding the first 
impressions ot I nglish, Irish, 
Cdiinese. .ind Russi.ui unmi- 
giMiits on their ,irri\.il in the 
United States, a soldier's horror 
after liber.iting ,i coiicenti.ition 
camp. ,\\\d expressions ot lo\.e 
.ind liieiidship lidin publu tig- 
iiiessinh ,is I lellerson. 
Robert I'. Lee. Ron.ild Re.ig.m. 
,ind I Wolte. 

Mailonna Swan: A Lakota 
Woman's Story hy Mark 
Si. I'iciiv (I 'iiiirisily ol ( )kldlioi\ui 
I'lvss. l'>')l). Over the course ol 
SIN years, M.Klonn.i Sw.iii 
sh.ired the stones ot three gen 
er.itions ot 1 akol.i women with 
M.iik St, I'lerre, Born on the 
C'heyeniK- Ri\er Reser\.ition 
111 l'.'2S, dest nbes 

ad|ustment to reserwition lite, 
a b.ittle with tuberculosis, work 
as .1 jeweler. ,ind ten ve.irs .is a Start teacher. 

A Midwife's Tale: The Life 
of Martha Ballard, Based 
on Her Diary, 1785-1812 hy 

LjiinrriiiUilhi I Inch (\ 'iiildi^c 
Books. IWly Laurel Thatcher 
Ulrich uses the diaries cit 
Martha Ballard, .i inidw ite in 
eighteenth-centur\ M.une, to 
cre.ite .in mtim.ite liistor\ ot 
the pr.ictices, taniilv 
relationships, religious squab- 
bles, and social mores ot the 
New Engl.ind trontier. 

Modern American 
Memoirs hy .-{iiiiic Dilhiid diid 
C.oi! (A>iiloy. Oils. lILiij'ci ( \>lhiis. 
I9<^TI. rhc book te.itures 
excerpts troin .rS not.ible 
memoirs, inchulmg those b\ 
Wallace Stegnei. 1 r.iiik ( 'onio\. 
Ru haul Sel/er. |,imes B.ildwiii. 
M.irgaiet, .ind M.ixine 
I long Kingston. I he .iiitholog\ 
provides .1 glimpse .it .i i.inge ot 
AmerUMii expeneiux's .iikI c el - 
ebi.ites the .irt ot .uitobiogi.ipln. 

The Names: A Memoir hy 

\. S(Oii .\hiiihid(iy (I 'iiivcisily ot 
.\ii:oihi l>ivs\ l'>~(,i N. St on 
Mom.kl.ix describes his cliild- 
liooil ,ind .idolesceine spent 
w Ith Ills t.iihcr's tribe in 
( )kl.ihoni,i .ind on N.i\.i|o 
leserwitioiis, I le we.ives 
together t.iles .ibont his moth- 
er's white .Hid ( herokee .iiices- 
tois .md disi iisses the iiiip.u t ot 
World War 11. llolKwood 
niinies. .iiul educa- 
tion on Native Aineiic. in lite. 

On Gold Mountain: The 
One-Hundred Year Odyssey 
of My Chinese American 
Family hy Lisa Sir 1 1 liihn;c 
Books. I9<J6I. Using stories 
trom her childhood in Los 
Angeles" Chm.itow n and inter- 
views with more than |iii> 
tamilv members, journalist Lisa 
See documents the histon' ot 
her C'hinese American t.imiK'. 

Prairie Voices: Iowa's 
Pioneering Women /')■ 

Clciidd Riley, cd. iloii'd Sidle 
I 'iiiveisity Press. 1 996). 
1 Ills collection brings together 
di.ines and memoirs written 
b\' women who helped settle 
Iowa. The doi unients. wlmh 
d.ite tniin the 1''^'' .md 211^'' 
I entunes. illusti.ite how these 
women cre.itei-1 homes .ind 
est.iblished communities on 
the western trontier. 

Rain of Gold hy I 'ii lor I:. 

[ilLiseiioi (Dell. 1992). Novelist 
Vu torVill.isenor tells the story 
ot Ills t.iniiK 's immigr.ition 
to. .iiul subsequent lite in, 
t '.ilitoi ni.i tollow ing the 
Mexu .111 re\olution. LKing 
publu tiociiineiits .md inter- 
\ lews.V'ill.isehor tollows the 
struggles ot three gener.itions 
.mil k'.irns the truth behind 
ott-told t.imiK stones. 


Rettiembering Ahanagran: 
Storytelling in a Family's 

Past /.)' RuluiutWliih- iIlilLiihl 

I I ■■(;/(,'. /VV.S'i. Richard White 
weaves together stories told by 
his motlier, Sara Walsh White, 
ot her lite in west Ireland, 
experiences as an iinniigrant. 
and the struggle to become an 
American. Bv placing his 
mother's stories in historical 
context. White shows how 
memory and histoi-y remtoice 
•ind challenge each other. 

A Romantic Education hy 

I'dlruid Uaiiipl (I ''SI: IW2: 
]\:]\: Wntoii. IW9, until a new 
dflcni'oril). H.impl's book reads 
as part memoir, part travelogue, 
and part voyage ot" discovery as 
she recounts her Midwestern 
childhood, coming ot age 
during a time ot protest, and 
her ]ournev to communist 
Czechoslovakia to uncover 
her family's Czech-American 

Roots /i)'.-l/i'.v //,(/(■)' 
(Douhlciiciy, 1976). Beginning 

III 17.S() with Kunta Kinte's 
birth 111 an African village, the 
story ends seven generations 
later at the tuncral of the 
author's father. ,i professor at 
the University of Arkansas. Told 
111 vivid and engaging detail. 
Haley's account of his family's 
history has inspired millions 
white and black Americans to 
trace their roots. 

A Scattered People: An 
American Family Moves 
West /')■ (icMlJ .\Li-\iiLiii,l 
(I '/(/m.Mf)' t)/ Mdiidclnisiils, 
1 985). CJerald McFarland's 
mother. Marguerite Brown, 
was born m I "'0(1 in California. 
Using his mother's ancestors as 
a springboard, he traces the 
westward movement of several 
families who were ewntu.illv 
united 111 marriaij;e. 

The Schramm Letters / 

jdioh .S'(7;/w;/ii», lidiii. diitl cd. by 
Hiiiiiid S. \biiinyiil (19^5; I97.\ 
huhaudpolii Hi^toricdl Society, 
1991). In letters to this brothers 
and sisters in Ciermany. Jacob 
Schramm recounts the difficul- 
ties of immigration, building a 
farm, and estabhshing commu- 
nity life 111 an English-speaking 
country. The letters, which read 
like ,1 travelogue, were first 
published 111 Cernian in 1S37. 

Skookuin: An Oregon 
Pioneer Family''s History 
and Love /')' .^lidiiiioii .-{pplc^dtc 
lUlllidiii .Monoii: I9HS). 
Shannon Applegate relates 
the travails of her pioneering 
ancestors: months cm the 
Oregon Trail, the harsh labor ot 
settling the frontier, encounters 
with prospectors, anci troubled 
relations with Indians. Applegate 
celebrates the women in her 
family, especi.vUy as preservers 
ot journals, diaries, and artifacts. 


Slaves in the Family hy 

Izdwdid Bdll (Rdiidoiii House, 
I99S). A descendant of one of 
the oldest slaveholding families 
of the South, Edward Ball 
began looking into his famiJv's 
past after attending a reunion. 
To the dismay of many family 
members, he uncovered ties 
to African Americans whose 
ancestors were the children of 
liaisons between slaveowners 
and sLives. The book recounts 
the their common ancestry and 
Ball's encounters with all of his 
km. white and black. 

Somerset Homecoming: 
Recovering a Lost Heritage 

/))' Dorothy Spniill Rodloid 
(Douhlcddy, 19HH). 
1 )orothy Redforci creates a 
seamless narrative of personal 
discovery, research, aiul stories 
ot ensLivemcnt and emancipa- 
tion in North Carolina that 
culminates in a family reunion 
the Somerset Plantation, where 
her ancestors lived as slaves. 

Songs My Mother Sang to 
Me: An Oral History of 
Mexican American Women 

/))' Pdtncid I'lWlddo MdltlU 

(I'liit'cislty olAiizoiid /V(«, 
1992). This collection captures 
the x'oices of ten Chicano 
women who articulate daily 
rhythms, expectations, and 
cultural practices of long-estab- 
lished communities in farming 
and mining towns ot Arizona. 

'Tis: A Memoir hy lidiiL 
McCotirt (Smhiicrs, 1999). 
McCourt tells the classic 
imniigrant success story: when 
he returned to New York in 
1 949 .ifter a childhood spent 
111 Ireland, the 19-year-old 
McC^ourt had no high school 
education. Within ten years, 
he was teaching high school 
in New York City. McCourt 
tempers the make-gooti tale 
with a harrowing account ot 
overcoming economic obsta- 
cles and sharp observations 
about American society. 

Wait Till Next Year: 

A Memoir by Dons Kcdrii.< 
Goodti'iii rioiitiistoiic Books, 
1998). At the center of this 
story about her childhoocl and 
her parents' struggles is Dons 
Keariis Goodwin s love of the 
Brooklyn Dodgers. Against the 
backdrop of New York base- 
ball's glorv davs 111 the l95Us, 
she touches on more solemn 
events of the era including 
McCarthyisni, the polio scare, 
and the Little Rock Nine. 

The World Rushed In: 
The California Gold Rush 
Experience hy j.S. Holhddy, cd. 
(Ibiiclhtoiic Books, 1981). 
Editor J. S. HoUiday interweaves 
the letters and diary ot William 
Swain with first-hand accounts 
ot i)ther gold seekers m the 
early days of the Gold Rush. 
The result is a daily record of 
Swain's trek to California in 
search of gold and a glimpse 
into the lives of the wife, 
brother, and children he 
left behind. 



r\ on Film 

riic lollo\nin; SHH-iiipporlcd 
doiuiiuiiuiry liliii> cxjiloic pwoial 
cms ill AiiicnciUi liiilor)', as well 
lis icll llic slorics ol onliiiar)' people 
Min;lil up III itic mills ol ilicir 
time. I'lic films vividly reiapnne 
the past h)> iisiiii^ a rich array ot 
audio and visual materials, and in 
some cases, dramatic reeiiactinenls. 
On-screen intervieirs with histori- 
ans are also a common feature. 
.\/(K( ol the films should he 
avaiLihle at your local library. 
( 'oiiipamoii wehsites provulino 
more injormation about the fihn, 
background history, and classroom 
resources have been noted where 

Africans in America (IWS) 
Directed by ( hiaihio Bai;well. 
Di.mbiited byWX.BH Bo.'.ton 
I ideo. I Ills tour-part scries 
explores tlic eeoiiomie and 
intelleerual touiidatioiis of slav- 
ery 111 America and the i;lobal 
economy tliat prospered trom 
It. The story extends trom the 
arrival ol slavery m America m 
the U)l)l)s through the onset ot" 

The Civil War (I WD) Directed 
by Ken Burns. Distributed by 
PBS I ideo, Time-Life I 'idea This 
nine-part series examines the 
history and meaning of the 
(^ivil War, from its complex 
causes and the daily lite of 
solciiers to its impact on tlie 
nation's political and social life. 

Goin' to Chicago (\')'H) 
Directed by ( ',eori;e Kim;. 
Di.<trihuted by Calilornia 
Sewsreel. This film chronicles 
the migration — in two great 
waves between 1917 and 
19911 — of inore than six inil- 
Imn African Americans from 
the rural South to cities in the 
North and West, the urban 
culture that resulted, and the toll of such a move. 

The Great Depression 

(1993) li.xeciitivc Producer Henry 
Hampton, l^istribiited by I'B.S 
I 'ideo. Emphasi/ing the stories 
of ordinary people, this seven- 
part series examines the effects 
of the economic depression 
that followed the stock market 
crash of 1929 and dominated 
the period between the rsvo 
world wars. 

The Great War and the 
Shaping of the 2()'*^ 
Century (19'>7) Ihuctcd by 
Carl Byker and .Mil. hllihon. 
Di.-tribiited by /'/IS 1 VJiv. This 
eight-p.irt series examines die 
impact .iiid importance of the 
First World War bv exploring 
the military .ind political 
aspects of the lonfht t anil its 
ongoing social, cultural. .iikI 
personal impact, 

Indian America: A Gilt 
From the Past (1994; Duo ted 
by Karen 'I'liomas. Dislrilmled by 
.Media Resourie .Issoc, Inc. This 
film portravs tiie i revnal 
experienced by the Makali 
community of W.ishington 
state following the discovery 
and excavation of a l.Stli- 
centurv village found on 
their I.iikI. 

Liberty! An American 
Revolution (1997) Directed by 
Ellen Hovde ami .Miilfie .Meyer 
Distributed by /'/iS I 'idea This 
six-hour series tells America s 
greatest political story — the 
historv of how we became a 
nation. Spanning from 17(i.i 
to 1 789. the series traces the 
transformation of Americans 
from loyal subjects of the 
British king to revolutionaries, 
and hnallv. to citizens of an 
entirek' new kiiui of countrv 
www.pbs. org/ ktca/ liberty/ 

A Life Apart: Hasidism In 
Ainerica ( 1 997) Directed by 
.\hiiacliem Daum and (hen 
Riidavsky. Distnbiited by hirst 
Run Features. Many Hasidim 
have rejected things that most 
Americans take for granted: 
public schooling, sports, and 
pcipular music. 15ut despite 
their best eflorts to .i 
separate culture, tlie\ li.iw 
become American Hasidim. 

The Life and Times of 
Rosic the Riveter {1980) 
Directed by < 'oimie lield. 
Dislrihiiied I'y Direct C.inenia 
Limited, ('Lirify Ldiicalioiial 
Prodndions. I lirmigh newsreel 
foot.ige .ind the testimonies of 
h\e women, this film ex.immes 
the experiences of the 18 mil- 
lion Udiiien who went to 
work in f.u tones ,ind iil.uit.s 
tlurmg World 11. 

Mary SiUiman's War (1994) 
Directed by Slei^hen ."^urjick. 
Distributed by Heritai;e l-ilnis. 
The experience of the Silliman 
taiiiiK during the Revo- 
lutionarv War is told fi-om 
Mary Sillimaiis point of view 
and based on her t.imilv's 
letters anci the scholarship 
of Richard and |oy I5uel. 

A Midwife's Tale (1997) 
Directed by Richard P. Rogers. 
Distributed by PBS I 'idea 
Martha Ballard, a miciwife in 
Maine after the American 
Re\'olutioii, cielnered more 
th.iii 8(111 babies while strug- 
gling .igainst poverty, disease, 
domestic abuse, and social tur- 
moil on the northern frontier 
of a young narion.The film 
weaves Ballard's story with .i 
historian's quest to uncover 
her world. 
midw ite/ 

One Woman, One Vote 

(199.5) Prodiued by Rulh 
Pollak. Di.<tributed by PBS 
I 'ideo. The film tells the story 
of the seventy-year struggle to 
will the right to vote for 
women in America. 
( 'ulniinating in the 19211 
p.iss.ige of the Nineteenth 
Amendment to the 
Constitution, it examines the 
sutir.ige movement's leaders, 
triumphs, dete.its, .ind internal 
di\ isioiis. 


Out of Ireland {l''H) 

Directed I'Y Paid Iliii/i/cr. 
Distrdnitcd hy PBS I 'idco. 
Shell null If l-.iiicrhuiiiiiciil. 
Focusing on the stories ot 
eight people, the fihn traces 
Irish immigration tu Anienca, 
from the famine-swept vQlages 
ot nineteenth-century Ireland 
io the industrialized cities ot 
t\ventieth-centur\- America. 

A Paralyzing Fear: The 
Story of Polio in America 

[Vnl) Dinrlcd by \iihi Cildrii 
Scdi'cy. Disliihiitcd hy ( u'oiy;i' 
l\hsliii{^loii I'liivfiiity. First- 
person narratives from polio 
survivors, their families, nurses, 
and doctors are coupled with 
archival footage to create a 
portrait ot America struggling 
to combat annual polio 
epidemics and the tear they 

Rebuilding the Temple: 
Cambodians in America 

(1990) DiiVihd hy (liiului Lcviii 
and Lawrciuc R. Hon. Dhiiihiilcd 
hy Direct (jiieiiui Limited. This 
film cxaininos the mtluence ot 
tratlitional Khmer Buddhism 
and culture on the adjustment 
ot (Cambodian reftigees to life 
111 Ainerica. 

Talk to Me: Americans in 
Conversation (I ')')?). Directed 
hy .{iidrea Simon. Diitrihuted hy 
llie (jiieiihi (iiiihi, /((i. This 
film explores Americans" shared 
national identity by drawing 
upon a wide range of American 
icons — from Walt Whitman and 
l^iike Ellington to the Preamble 
to the Constitution and Star 
Trek — and through profiles of 
tour regional communities. 

The U.S.-Mexican War 

(l')')H) Produced hy Sylvia 
Komatsii. Diitrihuted hy PBS 
I Ideo. The tour-hour film 
tells the story of the I ,S46-4S 
conflict in which Mexico lost 
almost halt ot its national terri- 
tory — including all ot the states 
of the present American south- 
west — to the United States. 
The film also looks at how this 
largely forgotten war shaped 
the region's identity. 


Vietnam: A Television 

History (19S3) Bxeciitive 
I'rodiicer Richard FJIisoii. 
Dislnhiileil hy .Sony I Ideo. With 
the history of French colonial 
Indochina as background, this 
thirtceii-episode series chroni- 
cles three decades of conflict in 
Southeast Asia, Americas mili- 
tary involvement, and the con- 
flicts It produced on the U.S. 
aniex/ Vietnam /index, html 

The West (I ')'«)) Directed liy 
Siepheii Ire.y Diitrihuted l>y PBS 
I ideo. This eight-part series 
ex.imines the people and 
events that shaped the 
American West and untangles 
the myths and realities ot the 
nation's effort to settle an 
uncharted wilderness and the 
consequences tor people on 
both sides of the struggle. 


and National Resources 

iiiij i;in'iriiiiiait tiiifihics hold mvnl< 
llial ikKuiiiail Atmriuiii lii.<!ory. Sonic 
ot lliosc /i(i/(/»i^'s (/III)' iibo liclp /d ilocu- 
iitfiit inpals ol yoii) Itiiiiily's lii^loiy.'lo 
/(■.»)/ iiioir iihoiil ihc hiiiory ,iiii! ailmif 
ol llic rcfiion in irliiih yon live, consull 
ihc tvfiionjl ori;iini;iitions and n'posilo- 
rics liih-il hflow. Mon of ihoiii publish 
hooks- and ho<t pnhlii cvinh ilia! cxploir 
rofiional and Anioruaii hislory (.'I'/i-Mi/ri 
hron'>nni ihc u'ihfik:\ Ikiorc ialliin;- 

Aiiicrn..ui Siuictv 
11^5 S.ilishiiry Street 
WorccsRT. MA 01 (,(!') 

AiiKTK.iii Studios 
Univvrsity ot Now F.iigl.iiid 
Wcstbrook C'ollcgi' (l.iiiipus 
716 Stcwiis Avenue 
Portbtui, ME < 14 II 13 

I lie Api\il.u hi.iii C A-nter .u the 
University cit Kentiieky 
()24 Ma.wvelton CAHirt 
Lexington. KY 4(151 i(>-f.3-47 

li.ileli Institute tor liliiiu Studies 
IS South Seveiitli Street 
I'luUlelphu, I'A IV 106 

C^enter tor I'l.iiiis Studies 

University ot Nehi.isk.i at Liiiiohi 

1213 Oldtather Hall 

I'O lioN 8S0314 

lineohi. NK 6S.SSS4»314 



Center tor (Ireater Southwestern 

Studies and the Ilistorv ot 


Uox l'MV7,C:entral I ibrarv 

University ot Texas at Arlington 

Arlington. IX 7601V 

.S17-272-.WV7, historvswsi utiles. htm 

('enter tor the Studv 
ot' Southern ( ailture 

Universit\' ot Mississippi 

University. MS 3S(>77 
662-VlS-SV')3 depts/south 

Center tor the Stud\ ot'the 

Aniencaii South 

Campus Box 3355 

University ot North ( arolina .it 

Chapel Hill 

Chapel Hill. NC 2750V-3355 



C 'enter tor the StiuK ot the 


Southwest Texas St.ite University 

601 Uiinersit\ 1 )rive 

San Marcus, I.X 7,S666 


www.englishswt.eilu 'ess/ 


( enter ot the American West 

Universir\' ot ( ailoi.uli) .it Boulder 

I lellems 373 

C'anipus Box 234 

Boulder. C( ■) SO.^oV-(i234 



Willi.iin I', tdements ("enter tor 
Southwestern Stinlies 
Southern Methodist Universin, 
\'0 Box 7.50176 
Oallas.TX 75275-0176 

Ihc 1 Xiviil l-ibr.iry ot the 

Ainencan Revolution 

1201 River 

Route 32 

I'O Box 74X 

W.ishington Crossing. I'A l.S')77 

215-4V3-6776 \ll.irhtinl 

1 he I aiiiily I listory Library ol 1 he 
Church ot'Jesiis ('hrist ot the 
L.itter-O.iy Saints 
35 North West lem]ile Street 
Salt Lake City U I S41.5ii 
WW w.t'ainilyse.irch.on; 

Immigration History 
Research Center 
University ot Minnesota 
H26 Berry Street 
S.iint I'.iui. MN 55114 
6l2-627-42o,s ihrc/ 

Jewish Historical Society ot the 

Upper Midwest 

Hamlme University 

1 536 Hewitt Avenue 

St Paul. MN 55104 


wwwh.imline edu ^ihsuiiil C'it\ Public Libr.117 

3 1 1 East 1 2th Street 

Kansas Ciu. MC) 64 106 

SI (,-70 1 -3400 Lxt. 21 15 

WW det.iult.htiii 

Library ot (!ongress History and Ciene.ilogy 

Re.iding Room 

lefferson Building 

10 Independence Ave., SE 

W.ishington, DC 20.540-4660 


http://lcweb.loc,gov/rr/geiiealog\ Area Research ( Center 

University ot (liiaiii, U(^G Station 

Mangil.u). CU 06023 



Mount. nil West ('enter tor 
Region. il Studies 
07.i5 Old M.iin Hill 
Utah St.ite University 
Logan UTS4322-0735 
435-7>)7-3(.3i 1 
w\|iioneers/m\\i html .An hues and Rciords 
.Adininistr.ition (NARA) 
700 Peiins\Kania .^vellue. NW 
W.ishington, DC 2040S 
202-50 1 5400 
202-501-5404 (TTI) 11 Y) 
WW Archnes at ( ollcge Park 

S601 Adelphi Road 

College Park, ML) 20740-6001 


NARA — PLiins Reguni 

2312 Bannister Road City, MO 64131 

S 1 6-V26-fi272 


NARA — Central Pl.iins Region 

200 Space (Center Drive 

Lee's Summit, MO 64064- 1 1 S2 



leesumit html 

N.ARA — Lakes Region 

735s South Pulaski Road 

Chicago, I L 6O(,20 


www n. regional/ 

Chicago. Imiil 

NARA — C.reat L.ikes R.egion 

3 1 51 > Springboro 

D.ivtoii.Ohio 454.VK1SS3 


www\/regK> d.i\toii.htiiil 

NARA -Mid-Atlaiitu Region 
000 Market Street 
Philidelphia, I'A PMO--4202 
2 1 5-507-31 II II I 
w WW. n. region. il/ 
pliil.u 1 html 

NARA- New I ngl.ind Region 
3S0 Irapelo Ro.kI 
Waltham. MA 02452-0534 
7S1-647-H100 boston. html 

NAR.^— New York Office 

2l 1 1 V.irick Street 

New York. NY 10014 



new vork. html 



NAIIA — Northeast l<ctj;ion, 


10 Coiitc Pnvo 

Pittstk-ld. MA Ill2()l-S23(l 


\\\v\\.n.ira.t;ov/ html 

NARA— Pacific Alaska Region 
654 West Third Avemie 
Anchorage. AK ''''3n 1-2 1 45 

NARA — I'acitic NorthNw-t 


612'^5 Sand Point Way NE 

Seattle, WA 98115 

2()6-526-65()7 /Seattle. hniil 

NARA — Pacific Region. L.igiina 


241 « « ) Avila Road 

First Floor East 

Laguna Nigniel. C:A ')2(i77-3497 

t)4')-36( )-2ri4 1 

National Cienealogical Society' 
4527 17th Street North 
Arhngton.VA 222(17-2399 
703-525-1 1050 

National Society ot the Panghter 

of the American Revolution 


Memorial Constitntioii I lall 

1776 D Street, NW 

Washington, DC 20006-5392 

202-879-3229 Historical Center 
W.ishmgton Navy Yard 
805 Kadder Breese SE 
Wishington, 1 ).C. 2( l374-5( 161 1 

New England Historic 
Genealogical Society 
101 Newbnry Street 
Boston. MA 021 16-3007 

Northwest Territory Genealogical 


Lewis Historical C "ollection Library 

LRC 22 

Vincennes University 

Vincennes. IN 47591 


\v\v\v.viiui.edii/le\\ is.hnn 

Rock\' Monntain |e\vish Historical 


Beck Archives/Special t'ollections 

Penrose Library 

University of Denver 

2199 Sonth University Boulevard 

Denver CO 80208 

3( 13_,S7 1 -30 1 6 


Smithsonian Institution 

National Museum cit American 


14th Street and C'onstitution 

Avenue. NW 

Wishington. DC: 20506 


202-.357-1729 (TTY) 


U.S. I )epartinent ot the 
Interior Library 
1849 C Street, NW 
Washington, DC 20240 

NARA — Pacific Region, San 


1000 Commodore Drive 

San Bruno, CA 94066 

(i5l l_S76-9009 

\\ \\ 


NARA — Rocky Mountain 


Building 48 

Denver Federal Center 

PO Box 25307 

Denver, CO 80225-0.^07 



NARA — Southeast Region 
1557 St. Joseph Avenue 
East Point, GA 3( 1344 

NAl^ — Southwest Region 
51 1 1 West Feli.x Street 
Building 1 
I'O Bo.x 62 1 6 
FortWorth,TX 76115 

The New York Genealogical and 

Biographical Societ\' 

122 East 58th Street 

New York, NY 10022- I ').W 



The New York Public Library 

Iriiia and Paul Milstem I division 

of U.S. History 

Local History and Cienealogy' 


Room 315S 

Fifth Avenue c\- 42iid Street 

New York. NY 10018-2788 

2 1 2-930-0828 


The Newberry Library 

60 West Wilton Street 

Chicigo. IL 60610 


w \\ w . 1 1 ew berr\'. ortr 

Statue of Libern- and Ellis Island 

Foundation. Inc. 

L")epartment W 

52 Vanderbilt Avenue 

New York. NY 10017-3898 


www. ellisisland . org 

United States Hokicaust Memornl 


100 Raoul Wallenberg PLice, SW 

Wishmgton, DC 20024-2126 


www.ushmm . org 

U.S. Air Force Museum 

1 10(1 Spaatz Street 

Wright-Patterson AFB. OH 45433- 



U.S. Arm\ Militaiy History Institute 

22 Ashburn 1 Inve 

Carlisle, PA 17013-50(18 





Resources in Your State 

lircrj' fliili- Jiiil niciiiy Icrmorici /wit 
(If laisl one of the ors^amzauoiti 
ctfsmhal Ivlow. 77i('«' oi^iiiiiziuions 
am hf ii ruliiMf rcsotmc Jor /ciiniiKi; 
more ahoiil your tMiiily liislor)' and 
Amerium history. Rananha to use the 
wehsiles lo fuiil our iiboni tolleitioiis 
anJ ii(\omin\; /iri'i,'r.»Hs in yonr tm\i. 

State AitcmvES 
Examine official records ot state 
governments or search tor liiston- 
cal evidence m the dociimenrs. 
niamiscnpts, newspapers, and 
other materials relating to the 
state's history. 

Staie Genealogical 

(A)nnect with other geneaUigists. 
Dependini; on the state, yoii might 
also find research facilities, mdival- .issistance. .ind workshops on 
conducting gene.ilogical research. 


Visit the states largest public 
library or research the state's 
archives — depending on the st.ite. 
Suite libraries vary greatly; .1 tew 
are administrative agencies 
oversee public libraries 111 the st.ite. 

State Hisiorical S4)c;ieties 

Take 111 .111 exhibition or .ittend a 
program or workshop on taniily 
or state history. Yon might also 
be able to research collec tioiis ot 
inaiuiscripts, photographs, .iiidio- 
visual materials, ami 
and historical ob|ects relating to 
the state's history. 

SlAIE Humanities Coincius 
C^heck to see what public educa- 
tion programs on tamily, comiiui- 
nir\' or state and national history 
are being otiercd. 

Staie MusEUiMs 
f-.xplore your state's historv. I he 
museums are responsible tor col- 
lecting, maintaining, and exhibiting 
arch.ieological and historic. il 
objects pertaining to the st.ite's his- 
tory The state niuseum is otteii 
p.irt ot the state society 


.M.ibaina Department ot" .Archives 

and History 

fi24 NKishington .'\venue 

\>0 Box 30011)11 

Montgomery, AL .V, 1 3( )-0 1 00 


www.archives. st.ite. al. us 

.Mabama Cienealogical Society 
AGS Depository and Headt|uarter 
S.iinford Universirv- Library 
IJox 2296 

SOO Lakeshore Drive Al 3.S22')-( i( 11 1 1 

.Mabania Huniaiiities Foundation 
2217 lOdi Court South 
Hirmingham, Al 3S2ii,S 
2(l5_9.^(M 154(1 

.Al.ib.iiiia I'ublii. 1 ibr.iry Service 
(>( )M I Monncello I )rive 
Montgomery. Al. 3()13o 
.VW-2 13-3900 
334-213-390.S (TTD/TTY) 

Birniiiigli.uii I'ubJK I ibr.iry 
2100 I'.irk I'Ue 
Birmingham. Al 3.S2o3-27'M 
20.S-226-3732 (I ID IT Y) 


Alaska Society 
!'(.) Box I002W 
Anchor.ige.AK 'W.S1IU)2'W 
907-276- 1 .S'«i 

Al.iska Hum.initus loruni 
421 West birsi Avenue. Suile 2 In 
Anchor.ige,AK 99501 
9n7-272-,5.M 1 
u ww.akht'.org/ 

.Al.iska State I ibr.iry 
Historical Caillections 
State Othce Building 
Eighth Fkior 
333 Wiilowbv .Avi'iuie 

lune.iu.AK 99S1 1-0.571 


WW \,ite.ak. us/lam/ Library. 


.AI.Lska St.ite Museum 
395 Whinier Street 
JuncMU.AK 99,S0I-17I<S 
"|)( i7_4f,5-29( 1 1 
91)7-465-3074 (TTD/TTY) 

C'onsornum Librarv 
Universitv ot" Alaska, Aik hor.ige 
321 I Providence Drive 
Anchor.ige, AK 995( ),S-8 1 76 
9( )7-7.S6- 1 «74 
virtualtour librarv.html 

Fairbanks (leiie.ilogical Society 
BO Box 60534 
F.urb,inks,AK ')'*70(.-0534 
www ~tgs/ 

Sheldon Jackson Museum 
104 Cloll'ege Drive 
Sitka, A K 99,S35-7657 

907-747-7S34 (TTD/TTY) 
www.educ. st.ite. ,ik. us/ lam/ 

University ot .Al.iska. Fairb.inks 
Al.iska tV I' Regions 
R.isniusoii I ibr.iry 
I'O Box 756Si),S 
Fairb.iiiks,AK 99775-6SOS 

.ipr index. html 

Z. L 1 ouss.ic I ibr.iiv 
Municipality ot .Anchor.ige 
36( )l ) I )eii.ili Street 
Anchor.ige.AK 99503 


Anierik.i S. 11110,1 I luni. unties 

C ".oiincil 

I'O Box 5S0I) 

I'.igo I'.igo, .Amencan Samoa 



Office ot .Archives and Records 
.American Samoa (lovernnient 
I 'ago Pago, AS ')6799 
1 1 1 1 -6X4-()33- 1 291 1 


Arizona Deparnnent of Library 

Archives and Public Records 

Histon.- .uid .Archives Division 

1 7l )0 West W.ishiiigton 

Phoenix, AZ «50()7 


w w 

Arizona Historical Society 
949 Second Street 
Tucson, AZ S.5719 

Arizona Humanities (/ouiicil 
The Ellis-Shackelford House 
1242 North .Avenue 
Phoenix. AZ S.5oi)4 

Arizona State (lene.ilogical Society 
PO Box 42075 
Fucson.AZ S5733-2075 
w w w.rootsvveb.coni/~;isgs 

Ari/on.i St.ite Miisenm 

Documentary Relations ot the 


Uiiuersity ot Arizona 

Building 26 

Tucson. A'/. «5721 

520-62 1 -627S 

ww' shared libr.iries. 


Arizona State University 
I )epartmeiit ot Archives and 
lenipe.AZ S.52S7-1006 
wv\' in hives/ 

University of Arizona Library- 
Special ( aillections 
PO Box 210055 
"Jucson.AZ K.5721-0055 
520-()2 1-6423 

hr.iiK lies/spi homep.ige/index.litml 



Ark.msas Historic I'rcscrvarioii 


15(10 Tower Building 

323 Center Street 

Little Rock, AR 722(1 1 

51 11 -324-9 1 30 

www.heritage. state. 


Arkansas Humanities Council 

10X16 Executive Drive 

Suite 310 

Little Rock.AR 7221 I-43,S3 


Arkansas State Ceiiealogical 


VO Box 90S 

Hot Springs. AR 71902-0')O.S 

501-262-4513 (after 5 pm) 

Arkansas History Commission 

and State Archives 

One Capital Mall 

Little Rock.AR 72201 

50 1-682-6900 

Arkansas State Library 

One Capital Mall 

Fifth Floor 

Little Rock.AR 72201 


Butler Center tor Arkansas Studies 
Central Arkansas Library System 
100 Rock Street 
Little Rock.Al^ 72201 
about. hmil 

Crace Keith Ceiiealogical 


Fayetteville Public Libran,' 

217 East Dickson 

FayetteviUe.AR 72701 




California Association ot Museums 

c/o Bowers Museum ot 

Cultural Art 

2002 North Maui Street 

Santa Ana, C A 92706 


Calitornia CauiuciI 

for the Humanities 

312 Sutter Street 

Suite f >( 1 1 

San Francisco. t:A 94108 



Calitoriua CJenealogical 

Society, Inc. 

1611 Telegraph Avenue 

Suite 200 

Oakland, C A 94(.I2-2I52 

51 0-663- 13.S8 

C'alitornia Historical Society 

678 Mission Street 

San Francisco, CA 'HI 05 


Calitornia State Archives 
Llivision ot the Secretary of 
State's Otfice 
10200 Street 
Sacramento. C~A 9581 4 

Califorma State Library 

California History Room 

Room 200 

900 N Street 

Sacramento, CA 942.^7-0001 



Los Angeles Pubhc Library 

History' and Cenealogv' 


630 West Fifth Street 

Los Angeles, C:A 90071 




C~olorado Endowment 

tor the Humanities 

Suite 101 

1490 Lafayette Street 

Denver, CO 80218 

Colorado Cienealogical Society 

PO Box 9218 

Denver, CO 8O2o9-0218 

M 13-57 1 - 1 535 


Colorado St.ite Archives 

Room IB 

1313 Sherman Street 

Denver. CO 80203 


index hnnl 

Colorado State Publications 


201 East Coltttx Avenue 

Denver, CO 80203 



Denver Public Library 

Western History/Genealogy 


10 West 14th Avenue Parkway 

Denver, CO 80204-2731 


Stephen H. Hart Library 

Colorado Historical Society 

1300 Broadway 

Denver, CO 80203 




Center for Oral History 
Thomas J. Dodd Research Center 
University of C^onnecucut 
405 B.ibbidge Road, U-205 
Storrs,CT (16269-1205 
86( I-4S6-4578 

Connecticut Historical Society 
One Elizabeth Street 
Hartford, CT 06105 

Connecticut Huiu.imties C Council 

955 South Mam Street 

Suite E 

Middletown.tri 06457 


Connecticut State Library 
History and Genealogy Unit 
231 Capital Avenue 
Hartford, CT 06106 

Connecticut Societv' ot 

Genealogists Incorporated 

PO Box' 435 

Glastonbury. C:T 06033-0435 


Godfrey Memorial Library 
134 Newfield Street 
Middletown. C:T 06457 
www. godtrey. org 

New Haven Colonv Historical 


1 1 4 Whitney A\eiuie 

New Haven, CT 06510 



Delaware Public Archives 

Hall of Records 

1211 )uke ofYork Sncet 

Dover, i:)E 19901 

302-739-53 1 8'index-hnii 

Delaware Genealogictl Society 
5( 15 Market Street Mall 
Wihiiington, DE 19801 -.^091 

Delaware State Museums 
102 South State Street 
PO Box 1401 
Dover. DE 19901 


Hi^corical SocicP. ot I )fl.i\v.irc 
5nS Market StRx-t 
Wilmington. 1)K I'WOl 
3(12-655-7 Id 1 


Distriit ol ( 'okinibi.i 

I'ublic Library 

')l)l C; Street. NW 

Room .^( 17 

Washington. IK: 2i«iii1 


\v\\-\\,dclihiMrv-org w.isliingtoni.m.i 

Historual Soiiety ot 

W.ishington. I )C! 

1.^07 New 1 lampsliire .\\x:. NW 

Wishington, IK; 2II().V. 

2l)2-7X.5-2i ).5H 

I louard Unisi-rsir*. 


Research tk-nter 

5(10 Howard I'laie. NW 

Wishmgton. DC 2<l(i5') 



1 lunianUK-s ( "oiiiKil ot 

Wasliington. \K'. 

Suite yn2 

13.^1 H Street. NW 

Wishington. DC 2ii(Mi5 




Florida DiMsion ot I listoneal 
R.A. Cniy Building 
51 II ' South Bronongh Street 
r.illah.issee, II 323')')-(l25(l 
,S5< I-4.SS- 1 4,Sl I 
w \\\\. tiller it.ige. com 

Florida Society 

13211 Highland .Avenue 

Melbourne. FL 32>J35 

4( i7-69( I- 1 97 1 


F lorid.i I lum. unties CiuiiKil 
1725-1/2 Fast Seventh .'\\'eiiue 
Tampa. FL 33w b 

Florid, I St.itc ArchiM's 

R.A.Cr.iN liuiliting 

5(10 South liidiiougli Street 

Tallah.issee. FL 3239<)-(i25(l 

H5(MS7_2()73 us/barm/ 


Florida State Cene.ilogical Society 
I'O Bo.\ 1(1249 
Tillah.issee. FL 323li2-2249 
wwwrootsweb.coni ~-tlsgs/ 

Museum ot Florida History 
5( )( I South Bronough Street 
Tallalussee, FF 32,V)')-02.S(i 
S.50-4MS- 1 4S4 


.^ History ("enter 

1,1(1 West I'.ices Ferrv, NW 

.-Xtl.iiit.i.CA 3(l3ii5-13(.(i 

4(i4-S 14-4000 


Ceorgia Dep.irtnient ot History 

aiul Archives 

330 ( ' Avemic. SF^ 

Atlanta, C.A Ml\.\A 

41 14-(, 5(1-2393 

\\ \\ 

( leorgi.i SocieU' 
I'C) Box 54.575 
Atlanta. CA .^0.^(iH-0575 

( leorgi.i I hstoru ,il Sot iet\ 
501 Whit.iki-r Street 
S.ivann.ih. (;A 31499-2001 

(leorgi.i lluin. unties ( 'ouiu il 

.50 Hurt I'l.iAi.SI 

Suite I5()5 

Atl.nita, CA .V 1.^03-29 15 

4()4-52.V(,22() ( 11 K ' 

Otfice ot I'ublk 1 ibr.irv Services 

Ceorgia (.'ollcction 

1.56frinm' Ave..S.W,. Room lot, 

Atlanta. CA .^0.^03 


www. public. lib. ga. us/ 


Department ot I'.iiks .iiid 


Historic Resources Dnision 

Building 13-STiyan 

PO Bo.\ 2950 

Agana. CU 90932 

671-475-029(1 hrdluimehtml 

(^uani Humanities Council 
PO Bo.\ 24S54 
GMF.CU 90921 

Cuain Museum 
I'O Box 2950 
Agana. CU 9f,932 

Nieves M. Flores 


254 Martyr Street 

H.rg.itna, CU 9(,9 1ii-ii254 

07 r-475-4753 


ALU 1 IKl 

Natiw I l.nv.n i.iii I ibr.iry 

507 Sciuth King Street 

Suite 400 

Honolulu. HI 9(,S13-.^o.V, 


WAS \\ 

HeniKC P.iuahi Bishop Museum 
1525 Berriice Street 
Honolulu. HI 9(,S17 
SdX S4X-4I4S 

Fl.iw.u 1 (\>miiiiuee tor the 


First 1 B.iiik BuiKling 

Room 2^ 

3599 WaiaLie Avenue 

Honolulu, HI 90816 

808-7.^2-5402 lull 

Hawaiian Historical Society 
500 Kawaiahao Street 
Honolulu. HI 96S13 
8(.l8-537-627 1 

Hawaii State .Archives 
Department ol Accounting .ind 
General Services 
lolani Palace Crouncis 
Honolulu. HI 9(,S13 
archives/ welcome. html 


Idaho Society 
4620 Overland #204 
Boise, ID 83705-2867 
21 iS-384-1 )542 

Idaho Humanities ('oiincil 
2 1 7 West St.ite Street 
Boise, ID 8.V02 
21 ),s-345-5346 
wuw' ihc/ihc.htm 

1 he ld,iho Sl,ite Society 

Librarv and Archives 

450 North Fourth Street 

Boise. ID 8.W02 

2( iS-334-3356 

www2. state. id us ishv iiidex.htnil 


Chic.igo 1 Societv 
Cl.irk Street .it North .-Venue 
Clucigo. IL ()0(>14 
Voice: 3 12-642-4600 

Illinois lluni.inilies ( ouncil 

203 North W.ib.ish Avenue 

Suite 2020 

Chicigo, II (.0(>ol 2417 



Illinois St.ite ,'\n hives 
M.C. Norton Building 
Springtield. 11. 62756 



Illinois State Genealogicil Socicry 
P.O.Box 10195 
Springfield. I L 62791-11 |i)5 

Illinois St.ite Historical Society' 

One Old State Capital I'laza 

Springfield. IL 62701- 15U3 



Illinois State Libraiy 

300 South Second Street 

Springfield. I L 62701-1796 


2 1 7-524- 1 1 37 (TTD/TTY) 

www.library. lis/ 

Illinois State Mnseum 
Spring and Edwards Streets 
Springfield, IL 62706 


C'oinniisMon on Pubhc Records 

Indiana State Archives 


4( 12 West Washington Street 

IndiaiLipolis, IN 46204 


Historical Genealogical 

1 department 

Allen Country Public Library 

900 Webster Street 

PO Box 2270 

Fort Wayne, IN 46801-2270 


219-424-2978 (TTP/TTY) 

Indiana Genealogical Socien; Inc. 
PO Box 10507' 
FortW.iyne, IN 46852-0507 

Indi.ina Historical Bureau 
140 North Senate Avenue 
IndiaiLipolis, IN 46204-2296 
317-232-7763 (TTY/TTD) 

Indiana Histor1c.1l Society 
450 West Ohio Street 
IndiaiLipolis, IN 46202-3269 
3 1 7-232- 1 882 
317-2.VV6615 (TTD/TTY) 
WW \\, 

Indian, 1 Humanities Council 
1500 North HeLiware Street 
InduiLipolis. IN 46202-24 P) 

Indiana State Library 

GenealogN' I division 

140 North Senate Avenue 

Indianapolis. IN 462o4 

3 1 7-2,^2-3675 

3I7-232-77(.3 (TTD/TTY) 

Indiana State Museum and 

Historic Sites 

21 12 North Alabama Street 

Indian.ipolis, IN 46204 



Oral Histoi'v Research Center 
Indiana Uiii\ersit\' 
Ashton-Aley 264 
Bloomington, IN 474o5 
8 1 2-855-2856 


Hum, unties low.i 

100 C)akdale NortliLiwn 

Iowa City, lA 52242-5000 



Iowa Genealogical Society 

PO Box 7735 

Des Moines, lA 50322-7735 



State Historictl Societ\' ot Iowa\ ,ind Archnes 

402 Iowa Avenue 

Iowa City, I A 52240-1806 

librarv'\ htm 

State Historical Societv ot Iowa 

6( II ) Locust 

Des Moines, 1 A 5o3 1 9-0290 



Kansas Collection 
Spencer Research Library 
Universiry of 
L.iwrence, KS 66( 145 
785-864-4274 ".i7Espencer/ 
kc-home.htm SocietN; Inc. 

Village Square Mall. Lower Level 

260! Central Ave. 

POBox 103 

Dodge C\t\: KS 67801 


www.dodgeciry.iiet/kgs/ History (."enter State Historical Society 
Archives and Museum 
6425 SW Sixth Avenue 
Topeka. KS 666 1 5 
785-272-868 1 

785-272-8683 (TTD/TTY) Humanities Council 

1 12 South West Sixth Avenue 

Suite 210 

Topeka. KS 66603-3895 


in.unp.ige.html St.ite 1 ibrary 

Third Floor Statehouse 

Topeka, KS 666 1 2 





The I ilson C "lub Historical 


1310 South Third Street 

Louisville, KY 40208 

51 )2-(>35-5i 183 


Kentucky Genealogicil Society 
POBox 153 
Frankfort, KY 40602 

Kentucky Historical Society 
1 00 West Broadw.iy 
Franktbrt, KY 4i )6( 1 1 
502-564- 1 792 

Kentucky Humanities C'ouncil 

2( 16 East Maxwell Street 

Lexington, KY 40.508 

6( 16-257-5932 


Kenaicky State Aicliixes 

Public Records 1 )ivisioii 

Department (or Libraries 

and Archives 

300 CofteeTive Road 

PO Box 537 

Franktort. KY 4l 161 )2-( 1537 



Louisiana Eiidownient 

for the Huinamnes 

225 Baronne Street 

Suite 1414 

New Orleans, LA 701 12-1709 


Louisiana ,ind 

Historical Society 

PO Box 82060 ' 

Baton Rouge, LA 70884-2060 

http://cust2. lamer ire 


Louisiana State Archives 

385 1 Essen Lane 

Baton Rouge, LA 70809-2137 

225-922-1208 1 .htm 

Louisiana State Museum 

75 1 Chartres Street 

PC^ Box 2448 

New Orieans, LA 70 1! 6 



State- Library Dt'Loiusi.iii.i 

7iil North Fourth Street 

PO Box 131 

Baton Rouge, LA 7i ISI l2 




Maine Folklite Center 
5773 South Stevens Hall 
Universit\' of Maine 
Orono.ME 04469-5773 
www.uniaineedu folklite 

Maine ( ieneaUigical Soe iet\' 
V.O. Box 22 1 ' 
Farniiiigton. ME 04938-0221 

Maine 1 listorKal Socierv' 
Center tor Maine Histor\' 
485 Congress Street 
Portland. ME 04101 

Maine 1 luinaiiities Council 
371 Cuniberlaiui Avenue 
I'O Box 7202 
Portland, ME 04 112 

Maine St.ite Arehives 
84 State House St.ition 
Augusta, ME 04333-"0,s4 

adinin/m.iwwwnol htm 

Maine St.ite Library 

Cultural Building 

64 State LIousc Station 

Augusta, ME 04333-0064 


2(»7-2H7-5622 (TTl), TTY) 

www.state.nie.iis/ nisi 


Maryland Cienealogical Society 
2ol West .Monunient Street 
B.ilnnK>re. MP 21201-4674 
410-6.S5-3750. Ext. 360 
\\\v\vroots\veb.eoiii ~iiKisgs 

Maryland Historical Socier\' 
201 West Monunient Street 
B.iltiiiiore. Ml) 21201 

Maryland Humanities Council 
61 1 1 North Howard Street 
Baltimore. MP 21201-45,S5 

Marvland State Archives 
Hall ot' Records 
350 Ri«ve Boulevard 
.Annapolis. Ml ) 2l4ol 
410-260-6400 ' 
homepage html visitor.html 

Maryland St.ite 
Resource C 'enter 
Enoch Pratt Free Library 
4( 10 Cathedral Street 
Baltimore, MP 2l2ol 
41()_3i)6.53=iS lib nul us 


Historic. il 1 )eertickl-l'iK uiiiriu k 

V,ille\- Associ.ition 1 ibi.ines 

Six Memorial Street 

\>0 Bon 53 

I )eertield. MA 01342 



M.iss.ichusetts .An hives 

Reterence 1 )esk 

220 .Mornssey Boule\Mid 

Boston. MA 02125 


www.state. ma. us. /sec/arc/ 

M.iss.itluisetts Foil I id. If ion 
tor the 1 lumanities 
1 25 Walnut Street 
Watertown. .MA 02472 
www 111 til. org 

M.iss.ichusetts Cenealogical 
C Council 
PO Box 5393 
Caichituate. M.^ 0177S 

Massachusetts Society 
1 1 54 Boylston Street 
Boston, MA 02215 

Springfield Libr.irv and Museums 


22( I State Street 

Spnngtield. MA 01103 



State Lilirary ot" Massachusetts 
341 State House 
Boston, MA 02133 
617-727-0917 (TTD TTY) 

Snirgis Libr.iry 
3090 Mam Street 
PO Box 60(, 
Barnstable, MA o2(,3o 
5( lS-362-6636 

MICHIGAN Society ot Michig.m 

2117 W.ishtcii.iw A\ einie 

Ann Arbor. , Ml 4Slo4-4,599 

734-71.9-1 ,S2S 

Imp: .itUo.itLmsu.edii hsm html 

Lilii.iiy ot Michig.m 
717 West Allegan 
\'0 Box 31 II K 17 
L.insiiig. Ml 4S9II') 
5 1 7-373- 1 31 « I 
WW W-libotmu h lib nil us 

Michig.m ( ('ouiicil 
]>0 lioN 80953 
L.insing, Ml 4S9iiS-n').S3 
www.geocities.coni 1 le.iitl.ind 
Meadows, 2192 

Michigan Huni.inities (\niiicil 

1 19 Pere M.irquette 1 'ri\e 

Suite 3-B 

L.uising, Ml 4S912-1270 

517-372-7770 -net. 

msii 1,'du/ 

State .^rchlves ot" Michigan 

717 West Allegan 

L.insing. MI 48918-1837 


www.sos. state. nil. us 'history/ 



Minnesota Cenealogicil Societv 
5768 Olson Highw.iv 
Colden Valley MN 55422-5( > 1 4 
(, 1 2-595-9347 
w WW . Ill tn . org/ mgs 

Minnesota Historical Sociers' 


345 Kellogg Boulevard. West 

Saint Paul. MN 55 102-1 900 

65 1 -296-2 1 43 


Minnesota Humanities 


987 East I\T .'Kv-enue 

Saint Paul. MN 55106-2o46 




t 'enter tor Hi\tor\ .lud 

C-ultural Hent.ige 

PO Box 5175 

L'liiversitv ot Southern .Mississippi 

Hattiesburg, MS 394i 16-5 1 75 


\\ WW dept, ^oc.k h 

Familv Research .Association 
ol' Mississippi 
PO Hon 1,Vi34 
Ja.ksoii.MS 392.V,-,\VM 

Mississippi 1 )ep.iitiiieiii ol .'\rchives 

.nul I listor\ 

,'\iclii\es .iiid 1 ibr.irx 1 'i\ isioii 

PO Box 5""1 

Jackson. MS 39205-0571 


WW WMiid.ihst.ite lusus 

Mississippi Hum.iimies C'ouncil 

3825 Ridgewood Road 

Room 311 

Jackson. MS .V)21 1-6463 

60 1-9S2-6752 

w w, inhc 



Mississippi Libiurs' Comnussioii 
1221 Ellis Avenue 
Jackson. MS ,W284-( 17(10 
601-354-7081 (TTD/TTY) 


Missouri Historical Society- 
Library and Research Center 
225 South Skulker Boulevard 
PO Box 1144(1 
St. Louis, MO 6.1 1 1 2-( K 141 ) 

Missouri Humanities Council 

9 1 1 W.ishiny;ton Avenue 

Suite 215 

St. Louis. MO 63101-1208 




Missouri State Archives 
OtEce ot" the Secretary of State 
PO Box 778 
61 )( 1 West Main 
Jetlerson Cit\-. MO 65102 

Missouri State Gene.ilogical 


PO Box 833 

Columbia, MO 65205-0833 


State Historical Society ot" 


1(120 Lowry 

Columbia. MO 652( 1 1 -729S 




Montana C'oniniittee 

for the Humanities 

Uni\ersit\' of Montana 

311 Brandy Hall 

Missoula, MT 59812-8214 



Mont, ma Historical Society 
225 North Roberts Street 
Harlena, MT 59(i2( ) 

Missoula Public Library 
301 East Main 
Missoula, MT 5981 )2-4794 
406-72 1-2(>()5 -nislaplib 

Mont.ina State Gene.ilogical 


PO Box 555 

Chester. MT 59522 

wwwroosw eb.coni -iiitnisgs/ 


Library /Archives Division 

Nebraska State Historical Society 

I'd Ho\ S2554 

1500 R Street 

Lincoln, NE 685( 1 1 -2554 


WW w. 

Nebraska Humanities CaiuiiciI 

Lincoln C 'enter liuiKlmg 

Suite 225 

2 1 5 Centennial Mall South 

Lincoln, NE 68508 



nujiprotit nlic 

Nebraska Librarv Conumssioii 

1200 N Street 

Suite 120 

Lincoln, NE <>8508-2(l23 


wwwnlc. state. ne. us/ 

Nebraska State Genealogical 


PO Box 56( 18 

Lincoln, NE 68505-0608 

4( 12-395-658(> 




Nevada Historical Societ\' 
1650 North Virginia Street 
Reno. NV 895('l3 
775-688-1 I'll 

NcwkI.i 1 lum.inities Coininittee 
1 ( 134 North Sierra Street 
PO Box 8( 129 
Reno. NV 89507 

Nevada St.ite Library and Archives 

Archives and Records 

1 00 North Stewart Sti'eet 

Carson City, NV 897(11-4285 


775-687-8338 (TTD/TTY) 


New Hampshire Pivision of 
Historical Resources 
1 9 PiUsbury Street 
Concord, NHo.Wo 1-2043 

|-SOO-735-29(,4 (TTl )/TTY) 

New Hampshire Historicil 


30 Park Street 

Concord, NH 03301 

603-225-3381 ext. 11 


New Hampshire Hiim. unties 


PO Box 2228 

Concord, NH (I3.i(i2 


WW w. 

New Hampshire Societv' 

of Gene.ilogists 

PO Box 2316 

Concord. NH 0.« 12-23 16 

603-22.5-3.\S 1 

New Hampshire State Archives 
71 South Fruit Street 
Concord, NH ().W(11-2410 

New Hampshue St.ite Librarv 
20 I'ark Street 
Concord, NH 03.i01 

1-800-735-2964 (TTD/TTY) 
www. state. II li . lis n hsl/ 


Genealogical Societv' 

ot New lersey 

PO Box 1291 

New Brunswick. NJ ( 189( l3 

New Jersey Council 
for the Humanities 
28 West State Street 
Sixth Floor 
Trenton, NJ 08()08 

New Jersey Historical 


PO Box 305 

Trenton, NJ 08625-(l5.iO 

609-292-6062]. us/st,ite/history/ 


New Jersey Society 
Genealogy- Club 
52 Park Place 
Newark. NJ (I71(i2 
973-596-851 II I 

New Jersey State Archives 

1 85 West State Street 

PO Box 307 

Trenton, NJ I I8()25-I I3i l7 


■, state/darm/ 

archives. html 

New Jersey State Library 

185 West State Street 

PO Box 520 

Trenton, NJ 08625-0520 



New Jersey State Museum 

POBox 530 

205 West State Street 

Trenton, NJ 08625-0530 


ww-w.prodw' ' tieiiton/ 




New Mexico EndowiiK'iit 

tor tlie Huni.inincs 

21 W Oiiati- H.ill 

CAirm-r of (".impus .iiui 

Ctir.ira. N1-: 

UiuvcTMty ot New Mexico 

Albuqiieaiue. NM 87 1 3 1 - 1 2 1 3 


New Mexico Ciene.ilogicil Society 

PCI Box S283 

Albuquerque. NM <S~1'«-S2.S3 

5( 15-828-2.=; 1 4 


New Mexico Records ("enter 

.Hid Archives 

121 '5 C-,iiniiio C'.irlos Rev 

Santa Fe. NM 87.St).S 

3( )5-47(,-7';( 18 

www. st.ite. 11111. us cpr ' 

New Mexico State\' 
12IW C^aniiiio Carlos Rev 
Santa Fe. NM 875(15 
WAVw.stlib. state. iini-us 


New York C Council 

tor the 1 lunianities 

15n Bro.idw.iv. Suite 17(1(1 

New York, NY lOd.W 


New York Clenealogical and 

Biographical Sociers 

1 22- 1 2(> F:ast 58th Street 

New York. NY lnii22-l')3') 


The New York Socieu 
17(1 Central Park West 
New York. NY I(l(i24-5I'M 

New York State ,^ri lines 

( Education ('enter 

Suite 1 11)411 

I nipne St.iie Plaza 

AlKinv, NY 1223(( 


w WW\*sed.t;o\' 

Ne\v\ork St.ite 
Associ.ition 1 ibr,ir\' 
PO Box 8( 1( ( 

Cooperstown. NY I332(i 

New York State Librarv 
('ultiiral Education Center 
Empire State Plaza 
Albany NY 122.^0 
.Si,S-47.V7l21 n in TTY) 
w WW. iiysl.n\ 

New York State Museum 

( Educ.ition Center 

Empire State I'laza 

Albaiiv. NY 1 223( I 


WW wn\sm.n\'sec1.go\'/ 


Cicnealogical Services 

State Library of North ('arolina 

1 ( 1') East Jones Street 

R.ileigh.NC 27(,(il 


http:/ iss 


North ( .iioluj.i ( lene.iiogical 


P(.) Box 14')2 

R.ileigh. NC 27(,(l2 

www . ncgei le, 

North Carolina I lum.iniues 


425 Spring C.arden Street 

Creenslmro. NC 274(11 


w ww.ncluim.iimiescirg 

North C .iiolin.L Miiseiiin 

ot History 

Five L'.ist lulenton Siieet 

R.ileigh, NC 27(.(ll-l(in 


u u W.Ik liisuirydL 


North ('.iiolin.i St.iti- .Archives 

.md Records 

1(1'' last Jones Street 

Raleigh. NC 27(i(i 1-28(17 


www.ih.dcrstatc. us sections/ 



North IXikot.i Humanities 


Suite 3 

2'»(lll Broadw.iv 

PO Box 21')| 

Bismarck, NO 58.51 12-2 I'M 



State Historical Societv' ot 

North 1 )akota 

North 1 )akota Heritage Center 

111 2 1 .1st Boulexanl .'\veiiue 

Bism.irck. ND 5S5(i5-( 183(1 


www. st.ite. lid. us, hist/ 


("ommoiiwealtli ot the Northern 

Mariana Islands 

Council tor the 1 him. mines 


PO Box 1 ( i( K 1 1 

S.ilpaii. Ml"«i')5(i 


http: ' ' nip 


Ohio ( Societv 
7 1 3 South Mam Street 
Manshcld.OH 44'«l7-Ui44 

( )hio 1 lum.inilies (. "ouiK il 

()')5 Brvdeii Road 

PO Box (11.354 

Columbus. OH 432(i(> (i354 


St.ite .^n lii\es a{ i. lino 
I. o ( lino 1 Society 
l')82Veliiia Avenue 
Columbus. OLl 4.^21 1 24')7 
(d4-2')7 251(1 

St.ite 1 ibi.ii V ot t )hio 

(i5 South 1 rout Street 

Columbus. OH 43215-2789 




Oklahoma (a-ne.ilogical Society 
PO Box 1298(1 

Oklahoma City. OK. 73157-2'«(. 
www.rootsweb.coni '^okgs 

(Oklahoma SocieH' and 
State Museum ot History 
21(1(1 North Lincoln Boulevard 
Okl.ihonia Cit\-. OK 731(15 

Okl,ilioiii,i Hum, unties Council 

Suite 270 

428 West Calitornia 

Oklahoma Cit\-, OK 731(12 

4(i5-235-( 128(1 

\\ \\ w:okliumaiiitiescouncil.iirg 


( ienealogicil Forum ot 

Oregon, Inc. 

213(1 South VCest Fittli .Aseiiue 

Suite 22^ 1 

Portland. C^R ')72ill-4')34 

5i i3-227-23'J8 

Oregon Council tor the 


Suite 225 

SI2 Soiiili West Wasliington 

Portland, OR ''72l i5 

5(13-24 1 -(1543 

\\ \\ 

(Oregon Cencilogicil Societv 

PO Box l(l,i(i(. 

1 ugeiie, OR ')744(l-23(16 


\\ \\ w.roobswebi oiii -orliKogs/og 


Oregon Histoncil Societv at the 

Oregon llistorv ('enter 

12(1(1 South West Park Ave 

Portland. OR ')72( 1.5-2483 


51 13 -.'M 10- 5 I'M (TED TTY) 

www. oils, org 

Oregon St.ite .An hues 
son Summer Street NE 
Salem. OR ''731(1 



Oregon State Library 

250 Winter Sweet, NE 

Salem, OR ')7i\0 


503-378-4276 (TTD/TTY) 


Carnegie Library ot Pittsburgh 
Pennsylvania Departiiient 
44( « ) Forbes Avenue 
Pittsburgh, PA 15213 

Cjenealogical Society ot 


3rd Floor 

1305 Locust Sneet 

Philadelphia, PA U) 107-5405 



Historical Society ot Pennsylvania 
1300 Locust Street 
Phibdelphia, PA 19107 

Histoncil Society ot 
Western Pennsylvania 
1212 SniaUnian Street 
Pittsburgh, PA 1 5222-421 » i 

IVnnsvKania 1 luiiianities Council 

Suite 7 1 5 

325 Chestnut Street 

Philadelphia, PA l')|(i(,-2oo7 



PcnnsyKania State Archives 
PO Box 1026 
H.irrishurg, PA 17108-1026 

SOO-654-5984 (TTD/TTY) 
w \\ 

State Library ot" Pennsylvania 
Corner ot Conmionwealth 
and Walnut 
PO Box 1601 

H.irrisburg, PA 17105-1601 
717-772-2863 (TTD/TTY) 
www. pde. psu . edu 


Fundacion Puertorriqueha de las 


109 San Jose Street, 3rd Floor 

Box 9023920 luaii. PR I)(i')n2-392ii 




Rhode island Coniinittee 
tor the Humanities 
6( 1 Ship Street 
Providence, R I 02903 
4( 1 1 -273-2251 1 
www.uri, edu /rich/ 

Rhode Island Cicnealogical 


PO Box 433 

Creenville, Rl 02828 

Rhode Island 1 listorical Sociery 
I 1 Benevolent Street 
Providence, Rl 02906 

Rhode Island State Archives 

337 Westminster Street 

I'l-oMdencc, Rl Il29(l3 


WW \\ '.state. 


South Carolina Archives and 
History Center 
8301 Parklane Road 
Columbia, SC 29223-4905 

South Carolina Historical Sociery 
100 Meeting Street 
Cli.irleston,SC 29401-2294 

South Carolin.i Humanities 


1308 Columbia College Drive 

C:olumbia. SC 29250 



South C^arolin.i State Library 

1 51 1( I Senate Street, 

PO Box 11469 

Columbia, SC: 2921 l-14(.9 

ISi )3-734-866(i 

SI 13-734-7298 (TTD/TTY) 

South Carolina State Museuni 
301 Gervais Street 
PO Box 100107 
Columbia, SC 29202-3107 
803-898-4921 state. SC, us 


South Dakota Cicnealogical 
POBox 1101 
Pierre, SD .57501 

South D,ikot.i 1 luiii.iiuties Council 

PO Box 70.50 

University Station 

Brooktngs, SD .57007 



South I )akota State Archives 

900 Governors Drive 

Pierre, SD 57501-2217 

605-773-3468 us/deca/cultur,il/ 


South 1 )akota State Library 
900 Governors Drive 
Pierre, SD 57501-2294 
w\\A\.st.itesd, us library 


Tennessee Genealogical Socier\' 
PO Box 247 
Brunswick, TN 381 1| 4 

Tennessee Humanities Caiuncil 
1003 18th Avenue South 
N.ishville.TN .^7212 

Tennessee State Library 

and Archives 

403 Seventh Avenue North 

Nashvme,TN .V243-03I2 





1 ).illas Public Librarv 
Texas/Dallas Histors and 
Archives Division 
1515 Young Street 
Dalla.s,TX 75201 
214-67(»-1716 (TTD/TTY) 

Institute ot Texan C'ultures 
801 South Bowie Street 
San Antonio, TX 78205 

Te.xas Council tor the Humanities 

Banister Place A 

3809 South Second Street 

Austin, TX 78704-7058 


Texas State Historical Association 
2/306 Richardson Hall 
Universitv Station 
Austin, TX 78712 

Te.xas State Library and Archives 


Archives and Intormation Services 


Genealogy Collection 

1 20 1 Brazos Street 

Ausnn.TX 78711 


ww\v.tsl, state. 



(ioiK'.lloglf.ll SlHlcU Ot Ut.lll 

35 Noi'tlnwst Ic-mplL- Street 
Salt 1 Ae fitv, LH N415I1 

( I liston Institute 

5(i 31 "I Smith 

Salt LakcCirs. Ul S4I I I 


Utah I hstorual Snuery 

31 II I Kio Craiule 

Salt lake Catv. UI X4lnl 

S( 1 1 -=533-351 H I^' iit-iiN histdrv/ 

LJtah I luiiianilUA ( 'ouiu il 

2(12 West 3011 Ni.rth 

Salt Lake (:it\-. Ul S4ni3 



Utah State Arehives 

Arehives Hiilkling 

State ( -.ipitol 

!'() Bc,.\ 141(121 

Salt Lake Citv, U I S4I I4-I()21 


wwu.arehiws st.ite.iit.iis 

LJtah St. lie I ihr.iry 

2,5(1 North IV.5II West. Suite A 

Salt l.ike(;ity.UT.S411(.-7V01 

HI 1 1 -7 1 5-67.57 



(lene.ilogieal StKiety olAerinont 
I'O Box 1553 
St.Alhans.VI II.547K llll)(> 
lueiuhersh htiu 

( Servues ('enter 

i'tiblu ReeorJs I )i\ision 

US Route 2, 

MuUllese.x I )rawer 33 

Moiitpeher.V I (i563.V7fii)l 

Sil2-X2K-37l«i (ISC^ puhree/ 

V'erinoiii ( 'oiiiu il 

on the I liiin.inities 

2(111 Park Street 

Mornsville.V L ()5fifil 



Vernioiit Loiklite ( enter 

Three C'ourt Sqii.ire 

Middleburg.VT 05753 


\\ww.\ en iionttolkhteL enter. ort; 

Vermont Historieal Soeiety 
Pavilion Clrtiee Uiiiklint; 
lO'J State Street 
Montpelier.VT 0.5(,0')-0')ol 
H(I2-«2<S-22')1, vhs 

Verniont St.ite .'\ivhives 


2(i lerr.ue Street 

I )ra\\er ') 

Montpelier.VT 0.5(,(l') 



Verniont State Lihr.iry 
10'' State Street 
Montpelier.VT o,5(,(i'»-(i(,o| 
http://dol. st.ite. \t, us 

Univeisitv ot Verniont ( olleitions 

Bailey.' 1 lowe Library 

Burlington.VT 05405 

,S( l2-f>5f)-2 1 3N 

WW wsageunix UMiieiiu p,n;e2 html 


Virgin Isliiuls I liim. Millies ( 'ouiu il 

5-f) Kongens ( l.ule 

( 'orbiere C'oiiiplex 

Suites 2()(lB c\ 20 IB 

St. Ihoinas. USVI 0(W(I2 

34(1 -77f. 4044 


I ibi.iiA ot Viigiiii.i 
XOO Broad Street 
Riehiiu>iid.VA 2.^21') 
S04-fi')2-.V)7r> HLn 11 Y) 

Viigini.i 1 )ep.iriiiieiii ol I listoru 


2.S0I Kensington .Axeiiue 

Ruhmond.VA 2321') 


hup;/ /state. vipnet. org dhr/ 


Virginia louiid.ition 
tor the Hum. unties 
145 Ediiaiii 1 )rive 
Charlottes\ ille.VA 22'H i3-4(i2'J 
wuw.viiginia.edii \ til 

Virgini.i ( Society 

500 1 West Street 

Suite I I 5 

Riclimond.VA 23230-3023 


Virgiiii.i 1 Soeietv 

The C 'enter torVirgiiii.i Historv 

42S North Boulevard 

PC) Box 73 1 I 

Richmond. VA 2.'O21-03ll 




I Uim.initK's 1 V'p.ii tment 
Seattle Public Library 
1000 I oiirth Avenue 
Seattle, WA ''SUM 
w w w spLorg 

W.ishingtiiii t tiiiiniissioii 

loi the I luiii.inilies 

Suite lOO 

()1 5 Sec Olid .^^eiuie 

Se.itde.WA 'IS 104 


Washington St.ite Arc lii\es 
1 120W.ishiiigtoii Street. SE 
Olympia.WA ')S5(I4 (I2.W 
.ViO 5Wi-14')2 

www. sec St. lie. W.I. gov /archives/ 
111. nil. htm 

W.ishiiiglon Si. lie ( 


P(i Box 1422 

Olvmpi.i.WA 'W.507-1422 

w \\\\,roots\\t-b-c our ^w.isgs/ 

W.ishington St.ite Historic. il 


Research Clenter 

315 North Stacliuni Wa\ 

Tacoma.WA 'W402-3IO') 



Washington State 


P'l I P.icitic Avenue 

Ticoma.WA ')S402-3I0') 

253-272-351 ii i 

W.ishington St.ite Libr.iry 
W.ishington Room 

\>0 Box 424r.o 

415 I.5th Avenue. SW 

(Mvinpia.WA '),S.504-24oo 





West Virginia Division of Cultiiiv 
.uid History 
The ( Center 
1 ')()(! Kanawha Boulevard East 
C:harleston, WV 2531 15-( )3( « ) 
3(I4_55,S_( 123(1 
3()4_55.S-( 122(1 (TTD/TTY) 
www.wvlc.wvnet.edii/cultn re- 
front. htnil 

West Virginia Genealogical 
Society', Inc. 
PO Box 24') 
Elkview.WV 25071 
3( 14-')(,.S- 1 1 79 

West Virginia Humanities CouiKil 
723 Kanahwa Boulevard, East 
Suite S(KI 

Charleston, WV2.S3() I 


Milwaukee Public Library 

S 1 4 West Wisconsin Avenue 

MiKv.iukce, Wl 53233-23«5 


4 1 4_2Sf,-.^()(i2 (TTP/TTY) 


American Heritage Center 
University ot Wyoming 
Centennial Complex 
PO Box 3')24 S2(i7U3')24 
3(I7_7(,(,_4114, ahc 

Butlalo Bill Center 
72( 1 Sheridan Avenue 
Cody,WY S2414 

3( l7-.S,S7-477 ] 

Wyoming Council 

tor the Humanities 

PC) Box 3(i43 

University Station 

Laramie, WY S2(l7l-3(.43 



Wyoming State Historic 

Preservation OtHce 

y-^ Floor 

2301 Central Avenue 

C:heyeiine,WY 82002 


http: //commerce. state, wyus/CR/ 


State Historical Society" 
ot Wisconsin 
IS 1 6 State Street 
Madison,WI ,S370(i-14S2 
(,( )S-2(i4-6535 

Wisconsin C^enealogical Council, 


1075 Kenwood Street 

Creen B.iyWl 54304-3S04 

i)2( I-494-79S9 

Wyoming State Library 
Supreme CAiurt and 
State Library Building 
2301 C^apitol Avenue 
Cheyenne, WY 82(l02-00(.0 
htt|i:// will. state, 

Wisconsin Humanities CauiiiciI 
fs02 Regent Street 
M,idison.Wl 53715-2010 

Wisconsin State Cicnealogical 


2 1 ( )'' Twentieth Avenue 

Monroe, Wl 53566-3426 



Places to Visit 

Lcdiu inoic ,ihoiil the lu.<loiy of 
the / 'intcd Si.itcs. Sec dititihts 
Iroiii the j\i.<t. llhik ill the >ii-p> i'/ 

yOltl dlllC<tOly)bll iilll i/i> dll ol 

thc>c by vi<itiiio exhibitions litiuied 
by the Witioiial liiKioiniieiit tor 
the Ihiiiidinties and by e.\ph'riti(; 
histoihiil sites opehited by the 
Witiottd! I'tiik Seiviee. hor iiii 
updated hsi ot exhibitions in yoiii 
cired liinded by the \l:l I. vi>tt 


Horseshoe liciid 
Military I'.irk 

1123X Horseshoe Beiul Ro.ui 
Daviston.Al }t>2^t> 
25(.-234-7 1 1 1 hobe 

kussell (.'.ive National Mominieiit 
372V Coiiim- Road'W 
Bridi;eport. AL 357411 
25^~"4'J5-2(.72' riiea 

Tiiskegee histinite National 

Historic Site 

I'O Drawer Id 

Tuskegce Institute. M 3f)iiS7 

334-727-321 « i 

www lips. gintiim 


Kloiulike (.old kush National 
Historual Park 
I'O Box SI 7 

Skagway.AK 9>W4li-(6l7 
www.iips/go\' klgo / 

Northwest Alaska National 


\'0 Box l(i2') 

Kotzebiie.AK W7.S2 


www. lips . t;o\' / noaa / 

Sitka N.uional I hstorieal Bark; 
Russian Bishop's House 
I IK, Metlakatla Street 
Sitka. AK 'WS3.S-7f,(>5 
www.nps.iiov, sitk/ 


Bishee Milling; .ind 


h.vhibit: "Bisbee: Urban Outpost 

on the Frontier " 

No. 5 Copper Queen Plaza 

Bisbee. AZ S.S6(i3 

S2i 1-432-71 17 1 

uww.azstarnet.eoni nonprotit bis- 


('anyoii de (lielK N.itional 


PO Bo.\ ,SS,S 

Chinle.AZ .S(on3 


www. lips. go\ 'e.uh,' 

Casa Ciiaikle Rums 


in Id Rums Drive 

Coohdge.AZ .S.S22S 



( 'oron.ido National Memorial 

4ldl Montezuma C\inyon 


Heretord.AZ S5(,I5 

32( i-3t)fi-.S.S 1 5 


1 leard Museuin 

P.xhibit:"Reiiieiiiberiiig Our 

Indian School Days:The Boarding 

School Experience " (opens 

Pebru.irv I''. 2ddd) 

22 Monte Vista 

I'lioenix.AZ H.S(id4 


1 lubbell li.idmg Post 

1 listoric Site 

Pt) Box I.Sd 

(l.m.ido, AZ H6.3ii.S-dl.Sd 

.521 1-73.3-347.S liutr 

iMontezuni.i ('astle 


PO Box 1\') 

( :amp Verde. AZ Sf.322 

.S2d-3t>7-3.^22 iiioca 

N.ivajo Nation. il Monuinent 

HC 71 

PO Box 3 

Ton.ilea,AZ S(,l I44-V7d4 

52( i-(->72-23(-)(. 

www. lips. go\ ii.iv.i honielitm 

Pipe Spring Nation. il Monument 

HCr.5 POBox .3 

Frecionia.AZ S(,d22 


w w'w.nps.gox pisp/ 

loiito N.itional Monument 
PO Box 4(.i 12 
Roosevelt. AZ S5545 
.52(1-467-2241 'tont ' 

limi.iL.icori National Historic. il 


PO Box 67 

Tuiiiacacon. AZ S564ii 


www lips. gin'.'tum.i 

luzigoot Monument 

P( ) Box :iv 

Oimp Verde. AZ S(.322 


WAVWlips gov tUZl.' 

L'ni\ers]t\ ot Arizon.i Museum 

of An 

l.xhibit: "Paths of Life: American 

Indians ot the Southwest" 

P.iik i.\ Speedw.ix 

Tucson, AZ .S572I 


littp: aitmuseuni.arizon.i.edii 

.irt html 

ARKANSAS Museum of Discovery 

E:xlllblt:",^rk.lllsas Indians: Roots, 

Removal. Rebirth" 

5(1(1 Markham 

Little Rock.AR "22(11 


w WW .iinotLorg 

.•\ Post N.itional Monument 
1741 Old Post 
(hllett.AR 72(155 
S7()-.54K-22()7' .irpo/ 

Fort Smith National Historic Site 

PO Box 1406 

Fort Smith. AR 72^(12 


w\vw.nps.go\' tosm 

Pea Ridge National Military Park 

PO Box 7( i( ) 

Pea Ridge. AR 72757-( i7( i( i 


www. lips, go\ pen 


Cibrillo National Monument 

PO Box 6t>7( I 

S,in Diego. CA V21d6 

6U)-557-545d cabr' 

Hovenweep Nation. il Monuinent 
McElmo Route 
Cortez. CA HI 321 
971 1-749-( 15 1 d 
www. lips. go\ ho\e. 

Natural History Museum ot 

Los Angeles (!oiintv 

Exhibit: "The Tinies-Mirror H.ill 

of Natne Aiiiencan C'ultiires" 

9(111 Exposition BKd 

Los Angeles. C:A 91)0(17 


w w w.iihni-org 

Port C'hicago N.ival M.igazme 

National Memorial 

PO Box 2SU 

Danville. CA 94526 


w wwiips.gcn' poch./ 

Ventura ('oiinrs' Museum 

tif History and Art 

Exhibit: "Ventur.i Couiitc m the 

New West" 

I do East .Main Street 

Ventura. t:A 93(1(11 




Bents Old Fort 

Historical Site 

351 Id Highw.iv 194 East 

l.i Juiu.i. CC^ Sld5(i 

719-383-501(1 /beol home liiiii 



Ml-sj Verde National I'ark 

PO Box 8 

Mesa Verde. CO 81330 

')7i )-52'*-44(i5 



Institute t<.>r .^nierican 

Indian Snidies 

E.xhibits: "Interpreting the Native 

American Landscape: The Long 

House Room" and "As We Tell 

Our Stones: Living Traditions and 

the Algonkian Peoples of Southern 

New England" 

38 Curtis Road 

Washington Green, CT 067^3 


Weir Farm National Historic Site 
735 Nod Hill Road 
Wilton, CT 06897 


Henry Francis Dupont Winterthur 


Exhibit: "Perspectives on the 

Oecorative Arts in Early America" 

Route .S2 

Winterthur. I>E 1973.S 

3( 12-888-4600 


Frederick 1 )ouglass N.itional 

Historical Site 

National Capitol Parks — East 

19()()Anacostia Drive, SE 

Wasliington, DC 20020 


w'vvw. html 

Mary McLeod Bethune CAuincil 


N.itional Historical Site 

131 8 Vermont Ave, NW 

Washington, DC 2( I0( )5 

202-673-2402 Museum ot American 
History, Smithsonian Institution 
Exhibit: "From Field to Factory: 
Afro-American Migration, 1915-40" 
14* St. & Constitution Ave. NW 
Washington, L:)C 2( )560 
exl 1 fact, htm 

Sewall-Behnont House National 

Historical Site 

144 Consritution Avenue. NE 

Washington. IX ' 2i )( M i2 




Castillo dc San M.ircos 
Narional Monument 
One South Castillo 1 )nve 
St. Augustine, FL 32084 

De Soto Memorial 
PO Box 153'io 
Brademon, FL 34280 

DryTortugas National Park 
c/o Everglades National Park 
40001 State Road 9336 
Homestead, FL 33034 
www. n ps . gov drto / 

Florida Museum of 

Natural History 

Exhibit: "People of the Estuary: 

6,000 Years in South Florida" 

(opens spring 20011) 

Gainesville, FL 32(.l I 


Fort Caroline National Memorial 
12713 Fort CaroHne Road 
Jacksonville, FL 32225 

Fort National 


8635 Highw.iy A I A South 

St. Augustine, FL 32l 186 


home, htm 

Mission San Luis 

Exhibit: "San Luis de Apalachee: 

Interpretation of a 17th-Century 

Spanish Mission" 

Tlllalus^ee. FL 32.VW-02_50 

.S.50-487-.V 1 1 

www.dos. state.'bar/ 


IinHKuaii Ecological and Historic 

Kingsley Plantation 
13165 Mount Pleasant Road 
Jacksonville, FL 32225 
904-641-7155 timu/ 


Andersoiuille National 

Historical Site 

Route I 

I'O Bon 800 

Andersonville. GA 31711 


WW w.nps.gowande/ 

Atlanta History Center 

Exhibits: "Turning Point: 

The American Civil War" and 

"Metropolitan Frontiers: 


1.^0 West Paces Ferry, NW 

Adanta, GA 30305 

4()4_,S 14-400(1 

Chick. nil. luga and Chattanooga 

National Military Park 

PO Box 2128 

Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742 


Fort Fredenca National 


Route 9. Box 286-C 

St. Sinions Island. GA 3 1 522-'>7 1 1 1 

91 2-038-36 VJ'/wc.htm 

Jininiy Carter 

Historic Site 

300 North Bond Street 

Plains. GA 31780 


Kennesaw Mountain National 

Battlefield Park 

900 Kennesaw Mountain L^rive 

Kennes.]w, tJA M ) 1 52-4855 


Martin Luther King. ]r. National Site 

450 Auburn Avenue. NE 

Atlanta, GA 30312 


Ocnuilgee Monument 
1207 Emery Highw.iy 
Macon. GA 3 12^1 7-4320 


War in the P.icific National 

Historical Park 

PO Box FA 

Agana, 'lo'MO 




Kaloko-Honokohau N.itional 

Historic.ll Park 

73-4786 Kanalani Street 1 4 

Kailua-Kona, HI 96740-2000 


Kona Society 

Exhibit: "Kona Cotl'ee Farm" 

PO Box 398 

Captain Cook. HI 9(,704 



index. hnn 

Pu'uhonua o Honaunau Nation,il 

Historical I'ark 

PO Box 129 

Honaunau, HI 9(,72()-0129 


Pu'ukohola Heiati N.itional 
Historic Site 
I'O Box 44340 
K.iwaihae, HI 9f,743 



USS Ari/on.i 

One Arizona I'l.Kf 

Honokilu. HI '«>«], S-314S 


w ww.nps.gDV uvir 


Nl-/ IVrc 

I I'.irk 

I'C) Uo\ '>3 

Highway 95 

Spalding. ID S354(M)71r5 


www. lips. gllv/lH-pc/ 


(ha ago llisriirn-al SiKicty 

l-..\liibit:"A HoiiM- Divuk-il: 

Anionca in the Age i)t I iiicoln" 

Clark Street at Niirth Awnue 

C:hieago, IL H)(^\A-(Al')') 



kieki Museiiin of Natural Histon. 

[■\hibits:"IVopk-s ot the I'aeifie" 

and "Atriea" 

Roosevelt Roail ,u I ake Shore 

I )nve 

Chicago. II. (.iir.llS 



Illinois and 

State Trill 

41 12 Ott.iwa Street 

Morris. Ik fiil4.S(i 


littji;//'dnr. state, ikiis/laiids/ 

landiiigt/p.irks/kS. Ill/ main, htm 

Illinois St. lie Museum 

k.\hibit:"At 1 lome in the 

I le.irtlaiid" 

Spring .iikI Hdwards Streets 

Spriiigtiekl, IL (.271lf) 



Lineoln I lome Site 

41.^ South laglith Street 

Spring'tield. II. r,27(ll-l>)(l.S 

217 4V2-4241 .s22l 



(k-orge Rogers CLirk National 

Historieal I'.irk 

4ll| South Setond Street 

Viiieennes. IN 475")l-l(l(il 


WW w. 

Lineoln Bmhood 


I'O lk« IXK. 

Lineoln Citv. IN 47.S52-l.Slr, 

SI2-').^7-4.S4l libo/ 


Ertigv Mounds 


I .SI Highw.iy 76 

Harpers Lerrv. lA .S2l4(i-7S IV 

3 1 ')-S73-34'* I etnio 

Herbert I loover 

1 Site 

I'O Ho.\ (.07 

West Br.iiieh. lA .S23.SS 


WW W'' hello- 

Mississippi Ri\ei Museum 
H\liibit;"Make Me .i Riwr: 
Visions .ind Revisions ol the 
Upper Mississippi" 
4111) hast V^^ Street 
Dubuque. I A S2IIII4 
Website debuts November I ''■''' 


lirown V. Hoard of lului .ilion Historu Site 

424 South Avenue. 

Suite 220 

lopek.i. KS f.(,(,(i3 3441 



lort I .iriK-d Hisioric Site 
Route 3 

l.ariied. KS fi7S.Sli-'>733 
3U,-2S.S-(,y| I 
ww' home, html 

kiirt Seort Historical Site 

I'O Box ') I S 

t^ld Fort Boulev.ird 

Fort Scott. KS r,(,7nl-l471 


Nicodeinus I listoric Site 

c/o Fort l.iriied 

Historic Site 

Route 3 

k.irned. KS. r,753(l 

3Ki-2S.S-(>')| I 

WW w.nps.gowiiico/ 

KENTUCKY Lincoln Historical Site 
2'W.S Lincoln Farm Road 
Hodgeiiville. KY 4274S-')7o7 
w\ 'Ink houij htm 

Cumberl.ind C.ip Naiioual 

Historical I'.irk 

I'O Bo.x IS4S 

Middlesboro. KY 4i i')(,.S- 1 ,S4.S 


WW w.nps. gov/ cuga/ 


('.iiie River ( aeok- I'.irk 
43,S(, Highw.iy 4')4 
N.itchez, LA 7 1 4.S(> 
3I«-3.S2-I).W3 phone /c. in / 

k-iii I .itille I'.irk 

3().S Street. Suite 241 "I 

New Orleans, I. A 7liI.^i)-2.MI 


w\vw.iips.go\/|el.i ' 

I'overtv I'oiiit St.ite 
Conimemorative .'\re.i 
I'O Box 24S 
Fpps. I A 712.^7 
3 1 S-'^2()-.S4')2 


Acadia I'.irk iS Saint 

C'roix Island 

Historical Site 

I'O Box 177 

Bar Harbor. ME<i4(.ll')-l)l77 

2( i7-2,SS-333S 

www. tips. gov/. icad/lii>ine. htm 

I'enobscot M.iniie Museum 
Exhibit: "An Coing 
(ommunir^': Searsport at Sea and 
Ashore" and "Folklit'e m Penobscot 
B.iy Maine" 
.S (liurch Street 
Searsport. ME n4>>74 
21 )7-.S4.S-232') 
www..ic.idi.i.iiet 'pininuseum/ 

MARYLAND B.ittletield 

I'O Box I3.S 

Sb.irpsburg. Ml ) 2l7X2-(il3s 


w w \\ lips go\', ,inri home htm 

B.iltiinore Museuin ot liiciustry 

Exhibit:" I he History ot 

B.iltiinore ' 

1413 Key Higiiw.i\ 

B.iltiinore, Ml) 212.^1 


w ww.i h.irm.uet ^bini 

Ches.ipe.ike i\ ( 'liio I Park 

I'O Box 4 

Sharpsburg, Ml) 2l7,S2-(i(ill4 


w w c1h>1i/ 

I i.iUi|Hou I listoik Site 

.S33 I l.impton L.ine 

Towson. M.irylaiid 2I2H(,-1.W7 

4I()-S23-I.^IW h. imp ' 

Monocai-y B.ittleliekl 
4S()| Urbana Pike 
Frederick. Ml) 2l7i)3-7.Sil7 
.Sil|-(,(>2 331.3 
w ww:iips.go\ niono/liome.litm 

I Stone 

I listorii Site 

6653 Rose Hill Road 

Port Ibbacco, Ml) 20677 





Adams N.itional Hivtoricil I'.irk 
1 35 Adams Street 
Quiiicy, MA 02 1 6'J 

Boston Atru.iii AincrKan Natuma! 

Historical Site 

14 Beacon Street Suite 503 

Boston, MA 0210S-37i)4 

(> 17-742-54 15 


Boston National Historical Park 
Charlestown Nax^y'Yard 
Building 107 
Boston. MA 0212'; 

Concord Museum 

Exhibit: '"Why ConcordP'Tlie 

History of C'oncord, 


200 Lexington Road 

Concord. MA 01742 


John F. Kennedy National 
Historic Site 
S3 Beals Street 
Brookline. MA ( I244() 
617-566-7937 'jofi/ 

Lowell Historical I'ark 

67 Kirk Street 

Lowell, MA 01, S52-102'> 

97,S-970-_50( 10 

Minute M.iii National 

Historical Park 

174 Liberty Street 

Concord. MA 01742-1705 



National Yiddish Book Center 

Exhibit: "A Portable Homeland'" 

1021 "West Street 

Amherst, MA 01002-3375 

4 1 3-256-4')( II I 


Plimoth Plant.ition. Inc. 
Exhibit: "Irreconcilable 
Differences: 1620-92" 
1 37 W.irren Avenue 
Plymouth. MA 02362 

S.ileni Maritime National 

Historical Site 

174 Derby Street 

S.ileni. MA 01970 


www, lips. go\'/s.inia/niore. htm 

Saugus Ironworks National 
Historical Site 
244 Central Street 
Saugnis, MAO|00(,-2I07 

Springtield Armory 

Historical Site 

One Armory Square 

Springfield. MA 1 1 05- 1 2''') 

413-7^54-8551 \2M, 


Father Marquette 


720 Church Street 

St. Igiiace, MI 49781 



Henry Ford Museum & 

Cireenfield Village 

E.xhibit: "Made in America:The 

History ot the American Industrial 


20900 Cl.ikwood BKd 

Dearborn, Ml 48121 



Publii. Museum ot CJraiid Rapids 

Exhibits: "The Furniture C"iu" and 

"Anishiiiabek:The People ot this 


272 Pearl Street NW 

Grand R.ipids. Ml 4')5o5 



Gr.ind Portage 


PO Box 668 

Cirand Marais. MN 55()04-06()8 


Minnesota Historical Society 
Exhibits: "F.iiiiiHes,""Le.irn About 
Our Past: The Story of the Mille 
Lacs Band of Ojibwe,".iiid 
"M.inoominikewin: Stories ot 
Wild Riciiig in Minnesotj" 
345 Kellogg Blvd. West 
St. Riul.MN 55102 
6 1 5-296-6 1 26/8( K 1-657-3773 

Pipestone Monument 

36 Reservation Avenue 

Pipestone, MN 56164-1269 

.507-82.5-.5464 pipe/welcome, htm 


Natchez Natumal Historical Park 

640 South t:anal Street 

PO Box 1208 

Natchez, MS .V)121 



Oki (.:.ipitol Museum of 

Mississippi History 

Exhibit: "Mississippi 1 5( « )- 1 8( il i" 

North State & Capitol Streets. 

Jackson, MS -V)205 


Smith Robertson Museum & 

Cultural Center 

Exhibit: "From Field to F.ictory: 

Afro-Amencan Migr.inon, 1915-40" 

528 Bloom Street 

Jackson, MS 39202 


■Vicksburg N.itional Military I'.irk 
32( 1 1 C;lay Street 
Vicksburg, MS .W183 


C^eorge W.ishington Carver 
National Monument 
5646 (".irver Road 
Diamond, MO 64840-8314 
417-325-4151 )V'/g\vca/ 

Harry S Truman National 

Historic Site 

223 North Mam Street 

Independence, MO 64050 


Missouri 1 hstorical Society 

Exhibits: "St. Louis in the Gilded 

Age" and "Meet Me at the Fair: 

Memory, History, and the 1 ''04 

World's Fair" 

Lindell c's 1 )e B.iln lere 

St. Louis, MO 63112-0040 


LJlysses S. Grant National 

Historic Site 

7400 (H-aiit Road 

St. Louis, MO 63 1 2:-<- 1 80 1 



Big Hole National Battlefield 

PO Box 237 

Wisdom, MT 5')76 1-0237 

4( l6-68'>-3 1 55 

Cirant-Kohrs l^aiich 

National Historical Site 

PO Box 790 

Deer Lodge, MT 5'>722-07'JO 


Little Bighorn Battletield National 


PO Box 39 

Crow Agency Ml 5'>022 


Western Hcrit.igi.' CcntiT 
Exliibit:"Our 1' iii thcWc«: 
The History of the Yellowstone 
Valley. I88()-1<M(I" 
2822 Montana Avenue 
Uillmgs, MT .S'Miil 
4()(,_25()-68(W. x2I 


Agate Fossil Beds National 
Mi\ River Road 
Harrison. NU(.')34(.-27.M 
w\v\vaips.go\' agto 

Homestead National Moiuinient 


Route 3 

I'O Uo.N 47 

Be.itrice. NE f«1il-'MUi 


Seotts Hkiti'N.itional .Vloiiunient 

PO Box 27 

19(i27f. High\v.iy 92 W 

Gering.NEf/Wl-t 1(127 


www. n ps. i;o\- / scbl / 


1 )eatli V.illey Narional Park 

VO Box .S7') 

IX-ath Valley (:A'>2328 

7(,( 1-786-233 1 



Str.iwbery Banke Mnseiini 
Exhibits: "Beei>niini; Anierkans: 
The Sh.ipiro Story. I8'«-1V28" 
and "Oossro.ids ot Neighborhood 
in (Miange: The C'orner (iroeery 
Store at Strawbery B.iiikc During 

4.S4 Court Street 
Portsmouth. Nil (O8li2-n30l) 
6ii3-433_l lull 


New Hampshire Historical 

Exhibit: '".New Hampshire 
Through Many Eyes" 
31 ) Park Street 
Concord. NH h33ii1 
Ui i3-22,S-338 1 

S.iiiit-( iauileiis National 
Historu Site 
RR 3. Box 73 
Cornish. NH (074.S 
www. tips, gov/saga/ 


Edison National Site 
Main Street and Lakeside .^\enue 
West Orange. Nj n7n52-,S.31.3 
'*73-736-i I.S5I ) edis 

Morristown N.itioiial 

Historical I'.irk 

3l I Washington Place 

Morristown. NJ ii7')()ii-42')') 


w u\\:nps.go\" morr/ 


Aztec Rums Nation. il Monument 

\>0 Box f.4ll 

Aztec. NM 87410-064(1 

.S( l.=i-334-6 1 74 x3 1 

w ww.nps.go\- azrii/ 

B.iiulelier Monument 
IK R 1 

p() Box 1 «i.=; 

I. OS Alamos. NM 87344 


w ww: lips. gov b.iiid/ 

( h.u o { ulture 
I Park 
PO Box 220 

N.igeezi.NM 87(07-0220 
www: chcu/ 

[■I M.ilp.iis .Moiuinienr 

PO Box '^3'* 

201 Roosevelt Avenue 

Crams. NM 87020-OV.V) 

.303-285-4641 elma/ 

El .Mono Nanoiial Monument 

Route 2 

PO Box 43 

R.imah. NM 87.^21 

5( 15-783-4226 

www. lips. go\' elmo/ 

M.LXwell Museum of 


Exhibits: "People ot the 

Southwest" and "Ancestors" 

University and Ash. NE 

Albuc|ucrque. NM 87 1 3 1 - 1 20 1 


www. ~iii.ix\\ell 

Museum ot Indian Arts iS^ C ulture 

Exhibit: "Here. Now. and Alwavs: 

A Pernunent E.xhibition ot 

Southwestern Culture 

and .^rt" 

Museum Plaza. C'aniino Lejo 

Santa Fe. NM 87504 

.5( 15-827-6344 

wwwmi.iclab-org niiacfr.ime htm 

P.ilace ot the Governors 

E.xhibits: "Society Defined: T he 

Hispanic Resident ot New 

Mexico" and "Another Mexico: 

Sp.iiiisli I ite on the Upper Rio 


105 U est Ave. 

Santa Fe, NM 87.504-2087 


w WW 11,' cgi- 

biii ' = PO(; 

Petroglvpli Monument 
6001 Uiiser Boulev.ird. NW 
AlbtuiueR|ue, NM 87120-206'^ 
www: petr/ 

S.ilinas Pueblo Missions 


I'O Box 517 

Mount.iinair, NM 87036 


WW w:iips gvn. s.ipu/ 


Adiiond.u k Museum 

Exhibit: ".'\ Peopleil Wilderness" 

Rt.28 North cS Rt.Vl 

Blue Mountain I ake. N Y 128 1 2- 




Brooklvn H1stor1c.1l Societv' 
150 Years ot'^X'ork in .111 .American 
City-" (scMhIoI !o oih-ii Juiw 2(HI(Ii 
128 Pierrepont Street 
Brooklvn, NY 1 12ol 

Eleanor Roosevelt Nanonal 

Historic Site 

519 Albany Post Road 

Hyde Park. NY 12538 


w ww:iips.go\' 'elro/ 

Federal H.ill 

26 W.1II Street 

New York. NY I0005 



Fort Stanwix National Monument 
1 1 2 East Park Street 
Rome. NY 1344(1 
www: .'tost/ 

Home ot Fr.uiklin D Roosevelt 

N.itioiial Historic Site 

519 Albany Post Road 

Hyde Park. NY 12538 

9 1 4-229-9 1 1 5 

w w htitr/ 

Lower East Side renement 


Exhibit: "1863 deiienieiit I louse 


97 Oich.inl Street 

New York. NY Iooo2 


WW \\:w tenement 

Martin Van Buren 

I listoru Site 

lol.i Old Post 

Kindeihook. NY 12106 

5 1 8-758-9689 

WW w: lips, gov, ni.iwi 

Museum ot Chinese 

111 the .'\ 

Exhibit: "Where is Home?: 

C'hiiiese 111 the Americas" 

70 Mulberry St..2'"^ floor 

New York, NY 10013 



New York Garden 

Exhibit: "Nature and Culture m 

the Garden"" 

200th Street & Southern Blvd^ 

The Bronx, NY 1045S 

7 1 S-S 1 7-,S700 

Sagamore HiO National 

Historical Site 

20 Sagamore Hill Road 

Oyster Bay, NY 11771 



Saint Mane de Gannentaha 

Historical Site 

Onondaga Lane Park 

Liverpool, NY 13088 



Samt PauFs Church National 

Historic Site 

897 South Columbus Avenue 

Mount "Vernon. NY 


Saratoga National Historical Park 

648 Route 32 

Snllwater. NY 12170-1604 

5|S_(,64-9S21 x224 


South Street Seaport Museum 
Exhibit: -"World Port. New York" 
(scheduled to open 2000) 
207 Front Street 
New York, NY 10038 

"Vanderbilt Mansion National 

Historic Site 

519 Albany Post Road 

Hyde Park, NY 12538 


"Women's Rights National 

Historical Park 

136 FaU Street 

Seneca Falls, NY 13148 


www. nps . gov / won 


C "all Sandburg Home Nanonal 

Historic Site 

l<)2,S Little River Road 

Flat Rock, NC 28731 


Fort Raleigh Natioii,il 
Historical Site 
Route l.PO Box 675 
Manteo, NC 27954-9708 
252-473-5772 r.ileigh.htni 

Moores Creek Nanonal Batdeheld 
41 1 Patriots Hall Drive 
Currie, NC 28435-1 )l 169 

Wright Brothers National 

Historic Site 

PO Box 2539 

Kill Devil Hills, NC 27^48 




Fort Union Trading Post National 

Historic Site 

15550 Hwy 1804 

"WiUiston. ND 588(11 



Knite Ri\'cr Indian Villages 

National Historic Site 

PO Box 9 

Stanton, ND 58.571-0009 



American Memorial Park 
National Park Service 
POBox 5198-CHRB 
Saipan, MP9(,')50-5198 



l^ayton Aviarion Heritage 

National Flistorical Park 

PC") Box ')2S0 

Wright Brothers Station 

Dayton. OH 45404-^)280 


Hopewell Culture National 

Historic.ll Park 

16062 State Route 104 

Chillicothe. OH 45(.o 1-8694 

740-774-1 125 


James A. ("lartield National 

Historical Site 

8095 Mentor Avenue 

Mentor. OH 44060-5753 


William Howard Tatt Nanonal 

Historical Site 

2038 Auburn A\enue 

Ciiicinn.iti. OH 4.5219-3025 

5 1 3-684-3262 



Washita Batdetield National 

Historic Site 

PO Box 890 

Cheyenne, Oklahoma 73628 



Fort Clatsop Monument 
92343 Fort Clatsop Road 
Astoria, OR 97103-9147 

High Desert Museum 

Exhibit: "By Hand Through 


59800 South Highway 97 

Bend, OR 97702-7963 


McLoughlm Flouse National 

Historical Site 

713 Center 

Oregon Cit>', OR 97( )45 

503-656-5 1 46 


Allegheny Portage Railroad Site 
110 Park Road 
Cdlitzin, PA 16641 

Carnegie Museum ot 
Natural Histoid- 
Alcoa Foundation Hall of 
American Indians 
4400 Forbes Avenue 
Pittsburgh, PA 15213 

Eisenhower Nanonal 

Historical Site 

97 Taneytown Road 

Gettysburg. PA 17325-2804 


www. nps . gov eise 

Fort Necessity- National Battlefield 
One "Washington Parkway 
Farmington. PA 1 5437-95 1 4 

Friendship Hill National 

Historical Site 

One Washington Parkway 

Farmington, PA 1 5437 


Getrv'sburg National Militar\' Park 

PO Box 1080 

Gettysburg. PA 1 7325-29')S 


Gloria Dei Church 
Historical Site 
Delaware Avenue and 
Christian Street 
PhiLidelphia. PA 19106 


Hopi'wi'll I uiTi.ui.- 

Historicil Sitf 

Two M.irk Bird 

EKvrsoii. PA l').S2o-'i5ib 


u'\v\v.iip\.go\' hotu iiidi-x-htinl 

Historical I'.irk 
3 1 3 W.iliuit StrcL-t 
I'luLuk-lphu. I'A IVlii(,-277.S 
WW \\jips.t;t>\- Hide 

liidcptiidi'iKi' Si-.iport Museum 
Exhibit: "Hour- I'urt I'hil.idclphi.i" 
IViiu's Landing Watertioiit 
211 South Coluinhus HKd l\ 
Walnut Street 
I'hiladelphia, I'A I'JKK. 
2 1 S-")2S-543'^ 
www.libertviiet.iir;,; ~^eapllrt 

lohiislown I liHid National 


c/o Allei^hein I'ortage R.iilroad 

National Historual Site 

nil l-ederal I'aek Road 

C;allit?in. I'A Ui(>41 

S]4_HHri-(i 1(1(1 


Morris Arboretum. 

UniversiD.' ot I'ennsyKMiiia 

Exhibit: "Healing Plants: 

Meilieines Across lime and 


Inn Northwestern Avenue 

Philadelphia. I'A I'^llS 


www, morns 

Seii.itor John Hem/ Pittsburgh 
Region. il History ('enter 
Exhibit: "Points m I iine: Building 
a lite 111 Western Peniisylv.iiii.i, 
1 7.S( i-Tod.iy" 
1212 Smallnian Street 
Pittsburgh. PA l.=S222 
4 1 2-4.S4-f >( « i( I 
www.pghhisiory org 

Ste.iiiuown Historic Sue 
l.Sn South Washington .'Xveiiue 
Scr.iiilou. I'A l!S.Sn3 
WW waips.go\ ste.i 

Uni\'ersit\ ot PennsvK.ini.i 

Museum ot'Archaeolog\ .iiid 


Exhibit: "LiMiig m 

Unnerse o( the Hopi. /uiii. 

N.iva|o. ,iiid Apache" 

.i.ii\l ^ Spruce Streets 

Phil.idelphia. PA P)|n4 

2 1 5_s>),S-4( II 1 1 

uww.Upennedii museum 

PUERTO RICO N.itional HistorK Site 
Fort S.iii C Iristobal 
Norz.igar.iy Street 
San PR onvnl 


www lips. go\/s.l)Ll/ 


iXUiseuin ot Newport History 

Exhibit: "Hope and Specul.ition: 

The L.iiidsc.ipe ot Newport 


S2 lonro Street 

Newport. Rl (i2S4n 


w w porthistorK .il-com 

Museum ot Work i\ Culture 

Exhibit: "1 .1 Sur\ i\.iiH e: .An 

|-xhibinon About Ireiich 

( 'anadi.iiis iii Woonsocket ' 

III! Benevolent Street 

Providence, Rl n2')ll(, 

4l»l-,i.^l-,S.S7.S (under construction) 

Roger Willi. ims 

2H2 North M.iin Street 

Providence. Rl ()2')n.^ 


w WW . 1 1 ps . go\' / row 1 .' 

louro Synagogue 
1 hstoric Site 
iS5Toiiro Street 
Newport, Rl n2S4(i 
www.nps.iTin tosw 


Charles Piiitkney 

Historic Site 

1214 Middle Street 

Sullivan's Isbiid. Sc: 2'M()2-'J74H 


www.nps.go\' chpi/ 

Port Moultrie 
1214 Middle St. 
Sulliv.iirs lsl.nul.SC 2')4.S2 
,S4.s-S,S.V,"i 1 2.^ 
www:nps.go\ tonio 

Flirt Sumter N.itional .Monument 
1214 Middle Street 
Sullivans Island. SC 2'US2 
S4.VS,S,V.^12.^ tosu losu.htiii 

Histoi'K t'.imdeii Re\\\* Site 

222 Broad Street 

Camden. SC 2411211 


Kings Mount, nil 
Militarv P.irk 
2h2.S P.irk 
Bl.kksburg, SC 247112 
w\\\\:nps gov kiiiio 


lewel t '.ive Nation. il Moiuimeut 
RRI Bon (.OAA 
Custer. SI) .S77.^n 
(,n.=i-(,7.'i-22SX |eca/ 

.Mount Ruslimore N,itioii,il 


PO Box 2(.S 

Keystone. SI ) .S77.S 1 

(,n,^-.S74-2.S2.^ morn / 

South 1 l.ikot.i St.ile 
Society. ( Herit.ige 
l'^xhibit:"Pro\iiig Up " 
41111 Covernois 1 )rive 
Pierre. SI) 57,Sl)l-2217 

WW, state executive, 
deia museum. htm 


Aiiclrew lohnscin N.itional 
Historical Site 
PO Box loss 
Greeiivrlle.TN 37744 
ww\v.nps.go\.in|o index. htm 

Ftirt I )oiielson B.ittleheld 

PO Bt)X 434 

Dover. TN 37(6.S-(l434 

43 1 -232-.S34S todo 

Shiloh National MilitaiA P.irk 
In.S-T Pittsburg Landing Road 
Shiloh. TN 3S.i7(i 
www.nps.go\/shil ' 

Stones River National Battlefield 
33111 OKI N,ishville Highw.iv 
Murtreesboro.TN 37124 
6 1 .S-,S43-4.Si 1 1 
WW w.nps.go\ stri 


Ch. 11111/. il Nation, il Monument 
SOI) South Sill M.ucial 
Kl l'.iso. IX 74'J(|,S 
4|.S-,S.^2-7273 ch.iiii ' 

Fort IXiMs Nation, il I listorical Site 

PO Box 14.Sh 

Fort D.1V1S.TX 74734 


w' totl.i 

1 Miilon li. lohnsou N,itioii,il 

I listoricil Park 

PO Bt)x324 

Johnson (atyTX 7S(i,Vi 


www. lips. gov/lvjo 

P.ilo Alto B.ittletield N.itional 

I hsioru,il Site 

I(i23 Boule\,ird 

Room 213 

Brownsville. TX 7S.32( )-M2h 


w w 



San Antonio Missions National 

Historical I'aik 

2202 Roosevelt AvL-iuic 

San Antonio. TX 7S2ln 



Golden Spike National 

Historical Site 

PO Box 8')7 

Brii,'ham City, UT 843112 -U8V7 

433-471-22(1') x21 

WW \\.nps.t;ov/gosp/ 



NatioiKil Historical Park 

PO Box 178 

54 Elm Street 





Buck Island Reef National 


Danish Custom House, 

Kings Whart^ 

2ll«l Church Street #M>n 

Chnstiansted,Vl 00821 1-4(. I I 

340-773-1400 'bins/ 

Christiansted Nation. il 
Historic Site 
PO Box IW) 
Christiansted. VI 00S2I 


Appomattox C^ourt House Historic.ll Park 
PO Box 218 
AppoiiLittox.VA 24522 

Arlington House 

The Robert E. Lee Memorial 

c/o National Park Service 

(ieorge W.ishmgton Memorial 


Turkey Run P.irk 22101 

Telephone: 71 13-537-1 )6 1 3 


Booker T.W.ishington Nation. iI 


12130 BTW Highw.iy 

Hardy. VA 24 lof-3%8 


Colonial Nanonal Historical Park 
PO Box 210 
Yorktovvn.VA 23600 

(ieorge Washington 

National Mi)nunient 

1732 Popes Creek 

W.isliington's 22443 


www. lips. gov/gewa/split^i.ige. htm 

M.iggie L W.ilker N.itional 

Historic Site 

c/o Richmond N.itional 

Battlefield Park 

3215 Broad Street 

Richmond.VA 23223 



Mana.ssas National B.ittleheld Park 
12521 Lee Highw.iy 
Mamissas.VA 20100-2005 

Museum ot the Contederacy 
E.xhibit; "Before Freedom C'ame; 
African American Life in the 
Antebellum South" 
1201 Clay Street 
Rachmond.VA 23210 

Richmond N.itional Battlefield 

32 1 5 Broad Street 

Richmond.VA 23223 


\\A\'w. /rich /home, htm 


Burke Museum ot Natural History 

and t'ulture 

Exhibit: "P.icific Voices" 

University ot Washington Campus 

Seatde.WA 9S195 

20(, -543-7907 

www. v\ 


Fort Vancouver National Site 

612 East Reserve Street 

VCincouver.WA 9S66 1-381 1 


Klondike C;old Rush N.itional 

Historical Park 

1 1 7 South M.iin Street 

Se.ittlc,WA OS 1 04-2540 


WW \v. nps.go\'/klgo 

San ]u,in Island 

Historical Park 

PO Box 429 

Frid.iy Harbor. WA 9X250 


Whiniian Mission National 

Historic Site 

Route 2. PO Box 247 

Walla Walla, WA 993(,2-9()99 




Harpers Feri'\ 

Historical P.irk 

PO Box 65 

Harpers Fern,'. WV 25425 



Milwaukee Public Museum 
Exhibit: "A Tribute to Survival" 
800 West Wells Street 
Milwaukee. Wl 53233 


(."hippevva Valley Museum 

"Settlement and Surviv,il: Building 

Towns in the C'hippew a Valley, 


1204 Carson P.irk Drive 

Eau Claire, Wl 54702 




liutFalo Bill Historical C^enter 
Exhibit: "Plains Indian Museum" 
720 Sherid.111 Ave. 
C:ody,WY 82414 
307-587-4771. X 

Fort Lar.iniie Nation. il 

H1stor1c.1l Site 


PO Box 389 

Fort,iiiiic,WY 82212-9,501 


Petersburg Battlefield 
1539 Hickory Llill Road 
Petersburg, VA 23803 


I In .\,}lh>ii,il luiilou-innii foi ilic liiiniauiuis u\iiits lo lluvik oiif ('l(^^ll/l■ lOiistilhiiih: 

Pegg\' Barber, AnuTR. Ill Library AssiKiatuin 

Bernard Bailyn, Har\aiii UnivcrMty 

Pegto.' Bulger, American FolkJite Center, Libr.irv ot Congress 

Evelyn Figueroa, Snuthsonian Institution 

Barbara Franco, Historical Society cif Washington. DC 

Khonda Frevert.The Newberry Library 

Ellen Gehres, Denver Public Library 

James Horton, George Washington University 

Alan Kraut, American Universit\- 

Richard Kuriii, Center tor Folklife Programs and Studies, Smithsonian Institution 

Timothy Meagher. The Catholic Universitv 

Page Putnam Miller. National (Coordinating Committee for the Pn)motion ot Flistory 

Steven Nevvsome. Anacostia Museum. Smithsonian histitutum 

ludith Prowse Reid, Local Historv and Genealogy Reading Room, Library ot Congress 

1 ).ivid Rencher, Family Flistory Department. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 

Roy Rosenzweig, Center for Media and Flistory Cleorge M.ison Universitv 

Dorothy Schwartz. Maine Humanities (Council 

Re-Cheng Tsang. California Council for the 1 lum, unties 

Mane Tyler-McGr.iw, National Park Service 


Fun for the F.muly — Mira Baitok 

Savmu Your F.iiiiiK s Lre.isures — ^jane Long 

I Ills guidebook cont.uns references to .1 v.iriely ol resources, iiu ludiiig 
books, lollections, and websites .ivailalile troni government, noii|notit, .uul 
commercial entities. Lhese references ,ire provided solely for purposes .iiid i.\n noi lonslitute .ui endor-.emeiit. 
Nor .ire the lists exhaustive; they .ire just .1 sampling ot what is available. 



Pioiccf Director: 

II 'nltn^: 

Historical Research: 
Picture Research: 

Wnti Van Tuyl 
Watermark Design Offict 
Robert D- Selini 
Mary Beth Cornwall 
Bonnie Fitzgerald 
Hank Grasso 

Cover background: Photo eourtesv Sniulisonian Institution. 
National Museum ot American History, other photographs 
and memorabilia from private collections. "The Welch 
Brothers," West Virginia Division ot" Culture and History 
Page 8: Beinecke Kare Book &; Manuscript Library. Yale 
University Page 9: Upper right photograph Ewing 
Galloway, center photographs courtesy Velma Skidmore. 
bottom center photograph Beinecke Rare Book (S.' 
Manuscript Library. Yale University Page 10: Upper left 
photograph courtesy Jerry Curley, center photograph 
"Roxanne and Rena Swentzel" by Annie Salilin, lower right 
photograph byT.K. Ransom Page 1 1: Photographs coui- 
tesyjerry Curley Page 12; Photograph by William R. 
Ferris Page 13: Photograph by William F^. Ferris Page 
14: Upper left private collection, lower courtesy Velma 
Skidmore Page IS: Private collection Page !(>: 
Photographs courtesy Angela Walton-Rap Page 17: Upper 
and lower right photographs courtesy Oklahoma Historical 
Society, center right courtesy Angela Walton-Raii Page i.S: 
Upper left courtesy Angela Walton-Raji. center photograph 
courtesy Oklahoma Historical Society Page 1'-^ Upper 
right courtesy Angela Walton-Raji, center photograph cour- 
tesy Oklahoma Historical Society Page 20: Memorabilia 
from private collections Page 21: Photographs courtesy 
Mane Locke and Nancy Montgomery Page 22: 
Photographs courtesy Mane Locke and Nancy 
Montgomery Page 2}>: Photographs courtesy Mane Locke 
and Nancy Montgomery Page 24: Upper left, lower left, 
center bottom, center spread photographs Ewing Galloway, 
upper center private collection Page 25: Center spread, 
lower right photographs Ewing Galloway, upper right pri- 
vate collection Page 26: Photographs courtesy Julia Fong 
Page 28: Upper left courtesy Tom Madrid, lower left and 
lower center photographs courtesy Museum of New 
Mexico Page 2'->: Photographs courtesy Tom Madrid 
Page 30: Ewing Galloway Page 31: Maine Humanities 
Council Page 32: Upper left courtesy Angela Peterson, 
lower left private collection Page }>}>: Center photograph 
courtesy State Historical Society ofWisconsin, upper and 
lower right courtesy Angela Peterson Page 34: Upper lett. 
upper center, lower center courtesy State Historical Society 
ofWisconsin. center photo private collection Page 35: 
Center illustration National Park Service, artist John 
Dawson, left center, upper right, and lower right courtesy 
Angela Peterson Page 36: Photograph courtesy Angela 
Walton-Raji Page 37: Comstock. Inc. Page 3K: 
Comstock. Inc. Page 3'>: Upper right photograph 
Comstock, Inc., lower photographs private collection Page 
40: Photograph courtesy Sal Romano Page 41: 
Photographs courtesy Sal Romano Page 42: Upper lett 
photograph courtesy Maine Humanities Council, center left 
photograph private collection, center photograph "Roxanne 
and Rena Swentzel" by Annie Sahlin Page 43: Upper 
right, center, and lower center photographs courtesy Maine 
Humanities Council, right center photograph "In Search ot 
Common Ground: Senior Citizens and Communir\' Life at 
Potomac Gardens," Anacostia Musfum Page 44 Upper left 


photograph courtesy Orcas Island Historical Museum, lower 
lett and lower right photographs courtesy Maine 
Humanities Council Page 45: Upper right, center, and 
lower right photographs courtesy Orcas Island Historical 
Museum. lower lett photograph byT.K. Ransom Page 46: 
Upper left, lower left, and lower center photographs private 
collections, center lett illustration "Louisiana Indians of the 
Bayou" by Alfred Boisseau courtesy New C^rleans Museum 
ot Art, middle left lower photograph courtesy Sniithsoni.m 
Institution, lower right photograph courtesy Manic 
Humanities Council Page 47: Upper right photograph pri- 
vate collection, center right photograph Library of 
Congress, lower photographs courtesy Maine Humanities 
(Council Page 48: Upper left piiotograph courtesy Maine 
Humanities Council, lower left courtesy Southern Media 
Archive, Center for the Study of Southern Culture. 
University of Mississippi, center photograph C' Chinese 
Historical Society of America #CHSA04291 Daniel K.E. 
Ching Collection, lower center private collection, lower 
right courtesy Indiana Historical Society #79072E Page 
49: Upper right, center right courtesy Julia Fong. lower left 
illustration © Chinese Historical Society of America 
#CHSA(14485 Daniel K.E. Ching Collection Page 50: 
Upper left O Chinese Historical Society of America 
#CHSA(i429] Daniel K.E. Ching Collection, left center 
Ewmg Ciallov^'ay, center photographs courtesy Julia Fong 
Page 51: Upper right photograph courtesy California State 
Library, center photograph 'C' Chinese Historical Society' of 
America #CHSA04459C Daniel K.E. Ching Collection, 
lower center private collection Page 52: Photographs cour- 
tesy [uha Fong Page 53: Lett photograph courtesy Sandy 
Spring Museum, lett center photograph Library of 
Congress, center courtesy New York Yankees, center right 
photograph The Catholic University of America, right pho- 
tograph courtesy Smithsonian Institution. National Museum 
of American History Page 54: Private collections Page 
55: Upper right photo courtesy Smithsonian Institution, 
lower right private collections Page 56: Private collections 
Page 57: Upper right, center, and lower photographs private 
collections, right lower center photograph courtesy 
Smithsonian Institution Page 58: Upper left, lower lett, and 
center photographs private collections, lower center photo- 
graph courtesy Smithsonian Institution, National Museum 
of American History Page 59: Upper right, lower pho- 
tographs private collections, center left illustration courtesy 
The Cathohc Universiry of America Page 60: Upper and 
lower lett photographs courtesy Smithsonian Institution. 
lower right private collection Page 61: Private collections 
Page 62: Upper lett, lower photographs private collections, 
center left photograph Library of Congress Page 63: 
Private collections Page 64: Private collections Page 65: 
Private collections Page 66: Private collections Page 67: 
Upper left, lower right private collections, lower right cour- 
tesy Smithsonian Institution Page 68: Photograph by 
William R. Ferris Page 69: Photograph by William R. 
Ferris Page 71: Private collection Page 73: Private collec- 
tion Page 75: The Cleveland Plain Dealer Page 77: 
Library of Congress Page 79: Library of Congress Page 
SI: Private collection Page 83: Photograph by William R. 
Ferris Page H5: Photograph by William R. Ferns Page 
87: Photograph by Wilham R. Ferris Page 89: Private col- 
lection Page 91: Photograph courtesy Jerry Curley Page 
93: Photograph by William R. Ferris Page 95: Private col- 
lection Patre 97: Private collection 


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